244th Field Artillery Battalion

October 1944

Sunday – 1st October 19441

          Ammunition, material and equipment for the operation likewise required constant attention through the planning period.  After a study of ammunition expenditures in other theaters, recommendations were prepared and transmitted to the Army ammunition officer regarding quantities and type of field artillery ammunition to be requisitioned for the operation.  Similarly basic loads of types of ammunition and fuzes for each caliber weapon were determined, as follows:

WEAPONPROJECTILEFUZE
155MM85% HE10% M67A1
15% Smoke (WP)70% M51A1, 30% M55A

Sunday – 1st October 19442

         During the month of October one Prisoner of War Cage was in operation:

Location                       Date

Toul (U-61)                  October 1 – 31

     At this cage during the entire month of October there were fewer prisoners than during the twenty-four hour period of 8 and 9 August, when Third U.S. Army sealed off the Brittany Peninsulas and turned to the East.

Sunday – 1st October 19443

          No change

Sunday – 1st October 1944 “HQ & Hq” Battery Morning Report4

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Collinsworth                                  35 612 967      Pvt.                     Code J
                              Trfd to SV Btry, this Bn
                    Vigliotti, Andrew C.                         32 553 158      Pfc.                     Code J
                    Weintraub                                     34 237 918      Pvt.                     Code J
                              Above two EM aptd Tec. 5
                          Strength Officers:
                                                       5 FLD O & Capt.
                                                       1 1st Lt. Pres.
                                                       1 1st Lt. Abst.
                                                       3 2nd Lt. Pres.
                                                       1 WO
                        Strength EM:
                                              88 EM Present For Duty
                                                5 EM Abst.
                                               93 EM Total

Sunday – 1st October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report5

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N vU498627
                    King, B B.                                        34 248 724     Sgt.                Code 1-4
                              Aptd S/Sgt.

Sunday – 1st October 1944 Battery “B” Morning Report6

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Harris                                              33 223 715     Sgt.               Code 1-4
                               Aptd S/Sgt.
                    Bingley                                            33 224 009     Tec 5              Code 1-N
                               Aptd Tec.4
                    Evans                                              39 693 415     Pfc.                Code 1-0
                    Stover                                             33 239 437     Pfc.                Code 1-0
                              Above 2 men aptd Tec. 5

Sunday – 1st October 1944 Battery “C” Morning Report7

                               Fresnes, France ½ mi. E. vU528507
                    Davis                                              38 446 696     Tec. 5              Code 1-N
                              Aptd Tec 4
                    Brown                                             34 525 781     Pfc.                 Code 1-9
                               A ptd Tec 5   

Sunday – 1st October 1944 Service Battery Morning Report8

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N vU498627
                    Collinsworth                                      35 612 967                         Code A-FA
                              Trdf from Hq Btry this Bn aptd
                              Tec 5
                    Bartholomew                                     37 232 653     Pfc.                Code 1-9
                              Aptd Tec. 5
                    Harrison                                           34 339 748     Sgt.               Code 1-4
                              Aptd S/Sgt.
                    Bennett                                            34 530 172     Tec/5             Code 1-N

1st October 1944 MD Detachment Morning Report9

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Lembek, Walter W.                            39 039 322     Tec. 5             Code 1-18
                              Aptd Tec. 4

Dear Family,

     Gosh – I feel just like a heel!! Long ago I wrote to Peg telling her about things for both your birthdays, then on the day of all days for you two, I forgot to write. I know how happy you two are and all I can hope for in the future is continued happiness and companionship. I hope the two of you had a real big time on Dad’s birthday and the anniversary – where did you go? To the theater – then a night club? I’ll bet you came in real late and stopped at the Morrison Hotel. Sure wish we all could have been together – what a time we’d have had. Got your #38 yesterday – glad to know you are all so well. I’ll try to drop Aunt Ruth a line in a day or so. Pleased to hear that Bob might be home for Christmas. I’m going to make it next year. Love to all. Have you heard from Jane?
                                                                          Tom.

Monday – 2nd October 194410

          An attack on Fort Driant, southwest of Metz (U85), was launched by the XX Corps’ 5th Infantry Division, a heavy aerial bombardment preceding it.

Monday – 2nd October 194411

          No change

        Staff Sergeant Harvey A. Dexter, Alpha Battery, taking a coffee brake from firing captured German artillery.  The Red Cross Club mobile was in the Verdun, France area.
     During WWI the Salvation Army’s Doughnut Lassies fried fresh donuts and brewed fresh coffee for the U.S. Troops, the Doughboys.
     During WWII the American Red Cross Donut Dollies used GMC Clubmobiles to fry fresh donuts, brew fresh coffee and were staffed by three Donut Dollies, American Red Cross female volunteers.  The Clubmobiles were equipped with bunks for the Donut Dollies to sleep in, a kitchen for donuts and coffee making as well as a small lounge with a record player for the troops to relax in.  These Clubmobiles traveled the fighting fronts bringing a little bit of home to the troops.

Dear Folks,

   Just finished oiling my pistol – whenever it ever looks like rain – it turns red with rust. It’s an awful pain – clean & oil, oil and clean and never a shot fired! Guess we’ll all be happy if I never have to clean powder out of it. Your box still hasn’t come. I haven’t given up hope, though. Anytime you want to send cigs – do so, ‘cause I can always use ‘em. Candy and cans of peanuts are always good and will keep a long time. John just came in – he’s been on the road for a while – looking for Red X movies & doughnuts. Sorry if my letters are getting a little dull, but I can’t help it – there isn’t a thing going on that’s at all new. We have been eating very well here – the little weight I’ve lost might come back – that is if we don’t get busy. The Cognac is awful – I can’t drink it at all. The Champagne isn’t too plentiful, but sure is good
                                   Love to all
                                                  Tom.

Tuesday – 3rd October 194412

          Except for scattered artillery fire the enemy was quiet in the XII Corps zone.  He was reported digging in on the high ground along the line north of Chateau Salins (Q12) Morville (Q12).  Two small counterattacks were launched against XX Corps positions, but both were repulsed.  The 5th Infantry Division’s attack on Fort Driant at Metz (U85) was met by heavy enemy fire.

     Elements of the 5th Infantry Division (XX Corps) entered Fort Driant, on the west bank of the Moselle River southwest of Metz (U85), and met strong enemy opposition within the fort.

     Twenty-three field artillery battalions supported the attack on Fort Driant, firing a thirty-minute preparation followed by supporting fires, directed against neighboring fortresses as well as Fort Driant

Tuesday – 3rd October 194413

                               No change

Tuesday – 3rd October 194414

          Verdun (France), Refugee camp 16 parties. Replaced those who Snafued

Thursday – 3rd October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report15

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Murphy, Edmund C.                    0 278 607     Capt.     MOS 9301     Code A-FA
                              Reasgn and rejoined from Hosp. Prin
                              Dy S-2 9301.

Thursday – 3rd October 1944 Battery “B” Morning Report16

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Wojtowicz, Chester F.                 37 324 577
                              Reasgd & rejd from 127th Gen Hosp.

Thursday – 3rd October 1944 Battery “C” Morning Report17

                              Fresnes, France, ½ mi. E. vU528507
                    Perfetti, john P.                         01 173 031     1st Lt.                    Code A-FA
                              Reasgd & jd from 127th Gen Hosp. Prin. Dy
                              RO 1183
                    Weir, Joseph                               6 978 435     Pvt.                       Code A-FA
                              Asgd & jd from Hq Det 3rd U.S. Army

Dear Folks,

     Had a real nice party last night. the barbecued lamb was really good. The red wine, salad and French fries, added a lot too. It started around 1100 and was over at 1930. I hit the hay at 2030. All sleep and very little work is making our live here real dull. We have OD now and school during the day. Bet you would like to know what we’ve been doing since we got here wouldn’t you?

     Got a letter from Peg yesterday – glad to know the B’s & Don got together – bet you all had a lot to talk about. I wrote to Aunt Ruth yesterday. Hope to get a package off for Jimmy & Curtis – a helmet or bayonet. Can’t get many buttons over here – the German’s are funny – more later. Love
                                                    Your Son.

          Captured near Verdun this 15 cm S.F.H. 18 gets a coat of GI paint before being put into service near Metz.

Wednesday – 4th October 194418

          No change.

Wednesday – 4th October 1944 Service Battery Morning Report19

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N vU498627
                    Falkenstein                                   0 466 791     1st Lt.                  Code 1-E
                              Aptd Capt as of 1 Oct 44

Dear Folks,

     Received your letter #38, 39. I’ll bet the house was happy when Don came home. It’s too bad he couldn’t have stayed a little longer. I write to him a couple of weeks ago – not much of a letter at that. Jane sent a folder of pictures and they were simply marvelous. They sure did my moral a lot of good. She is quite a gal -!! Capt. Murphy is a father, so is Duker, Mrs. Hamilton has one on the way too. What an outfit! John has gone to _____ for our Scotch & Gin ration. Perfetti is back again – he was in the hospital at Rimes recuperation from a group of holes – four going in and four coming out. All were in his side and hip. He looks good and suffered no ill effects. They shot his piston off his belt -. We had a party for him last night. No sigh of letters from Peg or Dad – no packages either.
                                             Love to all Tom.

                                                                                                                4 Oct. 1944
                                                                                                   Somewhere in France
Hello Folds,
         I guess it’s about time I got around to putting in my two cents worth.  So Here goes: “Congratulations” How’s that?  Does it sound alright?  Let’s see, “Congratulations”.  Well, that sounds better.  Anyhow, you both know what I mean.  I can’t explain it except that I am very happy for both of you, and I wish you both the best of everything from a streamlined foxhole in the ETO.  Same place we are in!  I aint seen nothing this side of the Statue of Liberty that I’d take for a seat on the seawall in Biloxi, and if I ever get back, that old lady with the touch will have to turn around to see me again.  I’ve seen all the “why we fight” series and gave a lot of lectures to my men, but I can’t convince myself of that I shouldn’t have “stood in bed”.
    This aint a very good place for people with a hankering to grow a long gray beard, but so far I’ve had my rabbit foot working & breathing a little easier now days.  Things is looking up, and I hope that I can get home to see Junior before he gets his draft notice.  I’m only foolin, as you can see.
    I’m in the best of health and have missed very few meals since leaving the States.  I am kind of particular about my whereabouts at chow time as you know.
    By now I guess you have survived the world of backslapping, hand shaking, knee-shaking & etc. that goes with the “I do” routine & have settled down for the winter.  I hope the U.S. Army don’t stay awake nites figuring how to get you tow in different hemispheres; as is the general policy when young folks take the final leap.  I never could figure that angle.
    Well, what am I jabbering about now?  Better stop.  Winter soon, you know what mail is to a soldier away form home.  It seems that everyone writes but no one gets the mail.  What can you expect from guys like “Dub” Slay & “Frumpy” Wentzell in the P.O.
    That’s enough, I quit.  Lots of luck from your best rooter.
                                       The original “Sad Sack”
                                                  Brother Joe

P.S. – Congrats again & I liked the note on the invitation
                                                      J. – – – –

Thursday – 5th October 194420

          Tactical reconnaissance photographs of German positions revealed that the enemy was building new defensive installations in the Third U.S. Army’s zone of advance.  The enemy shelled Nancy (U81) with 280mm artillery, but no damage of a military nature resulted.

Thursday – 5th October 194421

                              No change

Thursday – 5th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report22

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    McLaughlin                                   01 177 083     2nd Lt.
                              Dy to arrest in quarters

Dear Folks,

     Capt. Murphy is back – he’s been in the hospital. Piles – I guess! I always knew he sat around too much! We’re going to have a party Saturday night. John has been given a whole 40 pound lamb and we’re going to have a barbecue. Red wine, roast lamb, french-fries some feast. Had steak and french fries at Galway’s Battery this noon. Best meal I’ve had in the E.T.O it’s been very quiet – no business at all. Things should pick up next week. We’ll keep my eyes open for Tad. What is Shirley Ann’s husband’s outfit again? Tell me who’s over here. Sure wish you would receive my package – I hope nothing is broken – as for Christmas – get a pair of cashmere gloves & buy a pair of leather ones that will fit over them. Remember the ones I us to have? L. Tom.

Friday – 6th October 194423

          An enemy counterattack in the Fort Driant area near Metz (U85) by a company of officer candidate was repulsed by XX Corps troops.  These troops, stationed at the officer candidate school at Metz (U85), were picked non-commissioned officers and fanatical Nazis, most of whom had battle experience on the Russian front.
     Task Force Driant gained control of the northwest and southwest corners of Fort Driant near Metz (U85).

Friday – 6th October 194424

                              No change

Friday – 6th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report25

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Arnolfo                                          39 123 549     Pfc.                Code 1-2
                              Aptd Tec. 5
                    Baker Elmer L.                                 33 505 480     Pvt.               Code E-FA
                              Asgd and jd from 53rd Repl Bn MOS 521
                              MCO 590
                    Rausch                                           36 284 180     Pvt.                Code 1-7
                              Aptd Pfc. as of 5 Oct 44

Friday – 6th October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report26

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Canzoneri,                                      34 249 160     Pfc.                Code 1-8
                    Fritz,                                             33 378 907     Pfc.                Code 1-8
                    Kerlin                                             34 107 165     Pfc.                Code 1-8
                    Matta                                             35 005 463     Pfc.                Code 1-8
                              Above 4 Em rd to gr of Pvt.
                    Smith, Robert A.                               38 473 172     Pfc.                Code E-FA
                              MOS 531 skilled MCO 010                                                  Code 531
                    Simpkins, Van H. Jr.                          37 623 741     Pfc.                Code E-FA
                              MOS 531 skilled MCO 010                                                  Code 531
                              Above 2 EM trfd in gr fr 53d Repl Bn
                              Asgd & jd

Friday – 6th October 1944 Battery “B” Morning Report27

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Wantke, Edward A.                           32 144 311     Pfc.                 Code E-FA
                              MOS 531 Semi-Skilled MCO 590
                    Smack,Curtis H. Jr.,                           3 581 654     Pvt.
                               MOS 531 Skilled MCO 400
                    Smigelski, Sigmund J.                       36 351 214     Pvt.
                              MOS 531 Skilled MCO 569
                    Smith, Randolph W.                          37 547 313     Pvt.
                              MOS 531 Skilled MCO 048
                    SoBisek, Arthure E.                          32 828 600     Pvt.
                              MOS 531 Skilled MCO 190
                    Zook, Delbert E.                              35 350 620     Pvt.
                              MOS 504 Skilled  MCO 590
                              Above 6 Em trfd in gr fr 53rd Repl Bn.,
                              Asgd & jd.

Friday – 6th October 1944 Battery ”C” Morning Report28

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi. E. vU528507
                    Phippen, Jack V.                              37 658 995     Pfc.                 Code E-FA
                              MOS 531 Sk MCO 481
                    McGuire, Hetsel S.                           35 219 022     Pvt.
                              MOS 228 Sk MCO 354
                    Redman, Robert L.                           31 299 778     Pvt.
                              MOS 504 Sk MCO 590
                    Pose, Marion W.                              20 367 383     Pvt.
                              MOS 539 Sk MCO 590
                    Silvia, Gabriel U.                             31 420 842     Pvt.
                              MOS 531 SSK MCO 010
                              Above 5 EM asgd and jd from 53re Repl Bn.

Friday – 6th October 1944 Service Battery Morning Report29

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Kennedy, Paul R.                             16 040 874     Pvt.                  Code E-FA
                              MOS 606 SS MCO 245. Asgd and jd
                              From 53rd Repl Bn.

          Tole France. This 244th air observation photo of Fort de Brûley was taken looking from east to west by AOP Lt. Marriott

          This 244th air observation photo of Fort de Brûley was taken looking from north to south by AOP Lt. Marriott

          Caption reads – “Collinsworth, Me, and Gaskin.”  L to R, 1st Lt. Thomas B. Marriott, Jr., Tec/5 Charles C. Collinsworth, Tec/5 John R. Gaskin Jr.

Saturday – 7th October 194430

                              No change

Saturday – 7th October 194431

          III US Corps Zone – Enemy long rage Arty (believed 280mm RR Arty) shelled XX US Corps CP intermittently through afternoon and evening 7 October.  Arty Tac/R reported RR gun (Q1442) at 07815A.

Saturday – 7th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report32

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Hall, John A.                                  34 330 476     Tec. 4
                              Dy to Sk in 109th Evacuation Hospital as
                              of 6 Oct 44. Sk in 109th Evacuation Hosp
                              to lost to 109th Evacuation Hospital as of
                              this date.

Sunday – 8th October 194433

          Entire battery “C” Battery minus Administration and Guard personnel departed for FA duty with 733rd FA Battalion (XX Corps, 195th FA Group, 155mm Gun) at Urcourt Bruville, France.

Saturday – 8th October 1944 Battery “C” Morning Report34

                              Fresnes, France, ½ mi. E. vU528507
          Entire organization minus Adm & Gd
          personnel departed for FA dy with 733rd FA
          Bn at Urcourt, France.

Monday – 9th October 194435

          No change.

Monday  – 9th October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report36

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Berry                                           34 249 327     Sgt.
                              Dy to ak in Hosp LD

Tuesday – 10th October 194437

          On 10th October the III Corps was assigned to Third United States Army.

Tuesday – 10th October 194438

                              No change

Tuesday – 10th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report39

                               21 Sept. 44 – 10 Oct. 44 Frenses, France
          Usual Duties preformed in operation of
          Prisoner of War Enclosure Third US Army

Tuesday – 10th October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report40

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Berry (Hosp)                                   34 249 327     Sgt.               Code T
                              Sk in Hosp LD to lost Hosp
          Usual duties performed in operation
          of Prisoner of War Enclosure Third US Army

Tuesday – 10th October 1944 Battery “B” Morning Report41

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
          21 Sep. 44 – 10 Oct. 44 Fresnes, France
          Usual duties performed in operation of
          Prisoner Enclosure Third US Army

Tuesday – 10th October 1944 Service Battery Morning Report42

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N vU498627
          21 Sep 44 – 10 Oct 44 Fresnes France
          Usual duties performed in operation of
          Prisoner of War Enclosure Third US Army

Tuesday – 10th October 1944 MD Detachment Morning Report43

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
          No Change
          21 Sep 44 – 10 Oct 44 Fresnes,
          France.
          Usual duties preformed in
          Operation of Prisoner of War
          Enclosure Third US Army

Dear Peg,

     For a long time I have intended to write to you, but have put it off in favor of your husband. In July I asked you to get the folks presents for their birthday – but as usual I forgot to get letters to Dad and Mom on the big day (I’ll never change). Now Mom’s BD is on the 27th of November, right? Can you get her something nice? Dad has my money so see him for it. Sure bet is was good to have Don home. Even if it was for only a few days. one question that has never been answered is – how is my mail coming thru – do I write too small, or the words legible and do the folks mind receiving V-MAIL instead of regular letters? Another question – you’ve never met her so are unbiased – do the folks like Jane -? What are their impressions of her? What did they say about her when they got home from Augusta? Give me all the dope – straight!! Will write again – love to hear from you always. Love
                                                                                                 Tom.

Dear Folks,

     Two marvelous days and now – rain. The mud hadn’t even had a chance to dry up nor us to dry out. I sure wish you would receive my package – it’s been a long time since I sent it home. Your package hasn’t arrived yet either – darn!! Jane mailed me six packages of camels (first class) and it took about two weeks. I was really in need of cigs too. Right now I have a carton which should last about ten days. I received your 42 – 43. There is still a bunch of mail missing though. Some of Peg’s and Dad’s letters. Jane said she hadn’t written for several days, but no doubt you have heard from her since your last letter. Your Christmas packages sound swell -. Hope I get’em soon. This easy life here is letting me get fat!! Hope we become active again. Love to one and all. Your Son.

Wednesday – 11th October 194444

          No change.

Wednesday – 11th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report45

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                   Shankland                                           35 587 596     Pfc.
                              Dy to Sk in Hosp LD

Wednesday – 11th October 1944 MD Detachment Morning Report46

                              Frensnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Reed, George A.      34 249 106    Pvt.
                              Dy to sk in Hospital LD Undtermined

Thursday – 12th October 194447

          Entire Battery “C” rejoined Administration and Guard personnel from duty with 733rd FA Battalion (XX Corps, 195th FA Group, 155mm Gun) at Urcourt Bruville, France, and resumed duties at TUSA PWE.

Thursday – 12th October 194448

          On 12 October a very critical situation in ammunition supply developed as allocations from the Twelfth U.S. Army Group for the period 5 October to 13 October were canceled and expenditure authorization for that period were rescinded.  In lieu of those allocations, revised amounts were authorized for the period 5 October to 7 November.  In several instances the amounts authorized for the new period of thirty-three days ere less than those authorized for the critical eight-day period.  This unfortunate situation caused practically all field artillery weapons to be silent immediately.

     Plans were mad for the possible future curtailment in the authorized expenditures of ammunition for field artillery weapons by building up relatively large stocks of ammunition for the 75mm, 76mm, 3”, and 90mm tank and anti-tank guns.  Thus, when the supply of ammunition for field artillery weapons becomes critical, it was possible to employ tank and anti-tank weapons in their secondary role as artillery.  The use of latter weapons as supporting artillery proved very valuable as the Army continued its advance and took listed objectives despite curtailed expenditures of ammunition for field artillery weapons.  Meanwhile, to insure that enough ammunition for tanks and anti-tank weapons was on hand at all times to permit their use in their primary mission, minimum Army reserve levels were established.  These reserve levels served to maintain a minimum of an estimated three-day supply in Army installations.

     The accumulation of capture enemy weapons and ammunition of major calibers had been encountered and as a result a fairly large stock of these items were available to the combat troop.  This supply of weapons and ammunition proved valuable as it was very effectively employed against the enemy during the time our own supplies were curtailed.  In addition to causing enemy casualties, the employment of his own weapons against him was of great morale value to our troops.

     Immediately following the drastic reduction in expenditures authorizations, several conferences were held by representatives of the Twelfth U.S. Army Group, Communications Zone, and the Armies.  The principle purpose of these meetings was to develop a supply procedure which would prevent further recurrence of the situation that the Armies had just faced.

     On 21 October, the credit system of ammunition allocation was put into effect by the Twelfth U.S. Army Group.  Under this system, allocations world be made to the Army on the basis of overall availability, and the mission assigned the Armies.  Only ammunition on hand in Advance Section, Communication Zone, depots would be available to the Armies on credits established by the Communication Zone.

Thursday – 12th October 194449

          Task Force Warnck withdrew from Fort Driant under the cover of darkness in the XX Corps zone.

     Orders were received from the Twelfth U.S. Army Group drastically reducing the field ammunition allowance until 7 November, so that possibility of any offensive was precluded.  Immediate and strenuous efforts were made to restrict the firing of field artillery ammunition, a ninety-five percent reduction being obtained.

     No ration was imposed upon tank, tank destroyer and antiaircraft artillery ammunition and these weapons were effectively employed in their secondary role as artillery.  Extensive use of captured materiel and ammunition, including Russian 76.2mm guns, German 88mn, 105mm howitzers, 150mm guns and Schneider 155mm howitzers, was made by XX Corps and to a lesser extent by XII Corps.  Ammunition for the Schneider howitzer was employed successfully in the 155mm howitzer M-1.

Thursday – 12th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report50

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Shankland (Hosp)                               35 587 596     Pfc.                  Code T
                              Sk in Hosp DK to lost to Hospital

Thursday – 12th October 1944 Battery “C” Morning Report51

          Organization rejoined Adm & Gd Personnel
          from dy with 733rd FA Bn at Urcourt France
          & resumed duties at TUSA POW Enclosure.

Thursday – 12th October 1944 MD Detachment Morning Report52

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Reed, George A. (Hosp)                        34 249 106     Pvt                  Code T
                              Sk in Hosp LD Undermined to Lost to
                              Hosp

Friday – 13thOctober 194453

                              No change

Friday – 13th October 194454

          Left Verdun (France), back with Battery at woods at Fresnes (France), C Battery took over

Friday – 13th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report55

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Murphy, Edmund C.                              01 278 607    Capt                  Code J
                              Reld of princ dy in S-3 __ and trns to
                              Btry “A” thin Bn
                    Duker, John E., Jr.                               01 ___ ___     Capt.                Code
                              Trfd from Btry “A” this Bn and ___ jd
                              princ dy Ass’t ____
                    Coyne, John W., Jr.                               0 369 215     Capt.                Code 9
                              Reld of Princ dy Ass’t ____ and re-
                              assigned princ dy Bn ____
                    Myer                                                 01 ___ ___     Tec/4               Code J
                              Tran to and departed for ___, ___,
                              FA section as of 11 Oct 44

Friday – 13th October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report56

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N vU498627
                    Duker                                                01 313 275    Capt.               Code J
                              Reld of princ dy Btry Comdr 1193 & trfd
                              to HQ & HQ Btry this Bn
                    Murphy                                              01 278 607    Capt.            Code A-FA
                              Trfd fr Hq & Hq Btry this Bn asgd & Jd
                              prince dy Btry Comdr 1193

Friday – 13th October 1944 MD Detachment Morning Report57

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Reed George A. (Hosp)                          34 249 106     Pvt.           Code A-MD
                             109th Evac Hosp to dy reassigned
                              and rejoined

Dear Mom, Dad, Peg, the boys House!

     Just reread your letter #40. It had been missent to APO 404. Beautiful night – lots of stars and it’s quite cool. It rains every other day here and our area is a sea of mud. Sorry you haven’t gotten my package, but I haven’t yours either. Will write to Mrs. Hafner soon. I’ve thought of her quite often but can’t remember the street. His initials are J.C. aren’t they? Billy “Haymaker” and Max Garland are teaching me to fly!! There is no need to worry cause a “Cub” (ask Don) is the safest plane in the world. We go up to 2,000 ft. then I take over get scared sometimes – it’s a strange sensation. Max & Bill are excellent pilots and are well qualified. If you don’t care for me to do this, just say the word and I’ll cease and desist. (There is little else to do around here) Safe! Why we’re behind the APO! and the Red X. Haven’t seen a Jerry plane since Avranches. Give me Shirley Peterson’s husbands organization no. Thewhole ___ Army has my APO#. Am eagerly awaiting your package. Give my best to various and sundry friends and relatives. My love to you all from
                                                              Your
                                                                   Son.

          1st Lt. Thomas Marriott landing his observation plane

Dear Dad,

     Thought I’d drop you a line – along with one to mom. We’re having a big time here, but I’m tied down more than I care to be. While at Brest I could go where I pleased ‘cause I was my own boss. I saw lots of France then – lots of little places I didn’t mention I didn’t mention in my other letters. The old Catholic Church built in 1690 (?) was in Sizun. The 3 of us stayed in an inn overnight – had a pot under the bed too!! Saw the bridge blown at Plougastel in ____ across from Brest. Beauty of a job – took the middle right out. Told Mom that Billy & Max were teaching me to fly their “Cub” anyone knows it’s the safest plane in the world to learn in. If she worries more about this, I’ll quit. One thing I’d like to know and that’s my financial status. Could you give me a list of my assets – Bonds and government check balance as of the 31st of October 44 (I banked my latest 165.00) Have you received the $93.00 I sent in August? If not – let me know and I’ll chase it down pronto. Ninety three ain’t hay – especially in this biz. Sure hope business is going stronger than ever and you’re way ahead of them all – as you always are.
Give my best to all of our pals            Love – your
                                                                 Boy.

Saturday – 14th October 194458

          Battery “B” minus Administration and Guard personnel departed for FA duty with 733rd FA Battalion (XX Corps, 195th FA Group, 155mm Gun) at Urcourt Bruville, France.

Saturday – 14th October 194459

          Left Fresnes (France), for 733rd F.A. 90mm guns

Saturday – 14th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report60

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    McLaughlin                                         01 177 083     2nd Lt.
                              Arrest in quarters to dy

Saturday – 14th October 1944 Battery “B” Morning Report61

                              Urcourt, France, vU688608
          Departed Fresnes, France, 1000 arrived
          Urcourt, France 1115

“Friday the 13th!!? is over and 14th is here at last!”

Dear Family,

     All’s well here – hope you’ve are “in the Pink” too. A little change in the Battery. Old Capt. Murphy has taken over “A” Battery and Duker is now ass’t S-3. Murphy is no good as a BC and will flub it good – then he can be gotten rid of gracefully. Junior and Doc were a wreck. They didn’t like Murphy and never have. Somehow things are different here. At home we used to all be close friends, but now that Humphry is a Major – he wants to cut all our throats so he can be a Lt. Colonel -. Ah me! The stabs in the back are really quick and deep. It’s a great life – glad I don’t have to be in it forever. Sure glad I’m with Captain Torres – he’s really all for you and will take care of you the best way possible. What  have you heard from Jane? Sure wish my package would get home. More in a few days. My love to one and all -. I don’t own a fox hole, cause the Red Cross is closer to the front than we are, Love Tom.

Sunday – 15th October 194462

          No change.

Sunday – 15th October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report63

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N vU498627
                    Klingovshy                                          33 301 250     Sgt.
                    Sheerin                                              39 123 513     Cpl.
                              Above 2 EM dy to sk in Hosp

          From the back of a truck the towns people of Donnemarie-Dontilly France shave the heads of women who collaborated with the German Soldiers. 20 Rue du Four, 77520 Donnemarie-Dontilly, France

          That location is 20 Rue du Four, 77520 Donnemarie-Dontilly France  The street today where the head shaving took place.  Donnemarie-Dontilly is approximately 55 miles SE of Fresnes

Monday – 16th October 194464

          No change.

Monday – 16th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report65

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                    Shanklnad                                        35 587 596     Pfc.              Code A-FA
                              Reassigned and rejoined from hospital as
                              of 15 Oct 44
                   Madden, Richard W.                            36 025 699     Tec./5            Code E-FA
                             Asgd and jd from atchd unasgd 53rd Repl Bn
                             MOS 641 Sk, MCO 014

Monday – 16th October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report66

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
                   Klingovsky (Hosp)                               33 301 250     Sgt.                Code T
                   Sheerin (Hosp)                                   39 123 513     Cpl.                Code T
                              Sk in Hosp to lost to Hosp

Monday – 16th October 1944 Service Battery Morning Report67

                              Fresnes, France ½ mi N vU498627
                  Tensich, Rudelph                                 13 056 414     Tec/5             Code E-FA
                              MOS 511 Sk MCO 201. Asgd and jd
                              from 53rd Repl Bn

Tuesday – 17th October 194468

          Corps and divisions were notified that, beginning on 18 October, issues of gasoline would be reduced twenty-five percent until further notice.  The daily telegram requested 363,624 gallons of gasoline, but only 13,375 gallons were received.

Tuesday – 17th October 194469

         Departed Fresnes, France ½ mi N vU498627 at 1000: arrived present Toul, France vU6410 1200.  Distance marched 42 miles.  Weather:  Rain:  Morale:  Excellent.  Unit engage in operation of Adolf Hitler Kaserne.

          Adolf Hitler Kaserne Toul France. Today, 516ème Régiment du Train, Avenue du Maréchal Joffre, 54200 Écrouves, France

          We moved 42 miles to Toul, France and were billeted in the famous   Adolf Hitler Kaserne.  As our prisoner of war duties tapered off some of the men visited Nancy while the MP’s kept the others in line at Toul.

Tuesday – 17th October 194371

          Departed Fresnes France

Tuesday – 17th October 194372
 

          Arrived Toul France.  No More PW’s

          October 17, 1944, when we moved 42 miles into Toul, France.  There we stayed in the famous Adolph Hitler Kaserne, as our POW duties tapered off.
     It was during this time, that my Lt. sent some of us to Munich, Germany for a three day R & R.  One or two would go at the time, and upon returning one or two more would go.  The Lt. felt the rest and food would do us good, but it was very hard to eat in a situation like that.  I got sick the first day I was in Munich, and wasn’t able to eat much, but it was a good change of scenery for a day or two.  I received mail from home, and it was so good to get it.  Though it was several weeks late, it was good to hear from my Mother, and to know she was praying for all of us.

          “Open Under New Management Adolf Hitler Kaserne”

Tuesday – 17th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report74

                              Toul, France vU6410
                    Derych (Temp dy)                                32 160 249     Tec/4
                              Temporary dy Hq, TUSA to dy
                    Garland (Temp dy)                               01 165 292     1st Lt.
                    Lockridge                                           20 433 802     Tec/3
                    Eubanks                                             34 248 903     Pvt.
                              Above Officer and 2 EM Temp dy 734th FA Bn
                              to dy.
          Departed Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
          1000, arr present Sta 1200. Distance
          marched 42 miles.

Tuesday – 17th October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report75

                              Toul, France vU6410
          Departed Fresnes, France ½ mi N. vU498627
          1100, arr present Sta 1300. Distance
          marched 42 miles.

Tuesday -17th October 1944 Battery “C” Morning Report76

                              Toul, France, vU6410
          Departed Fresnes, France, ½ mi. E. vU528507
          1030 hours arr present Sta 1230 hrs.
          Distance marched 42 mi.

Tuesday – 17th October 1944 Service Battery Morning Report77

                              Toul, France vU6410
          Departed Fresnes, France ½ mi N
          vU498627, 1100 hrs arr present Sta
          1245 hrs. Distance marched 42 mi.

Tuesday – 17th October 1944 MD Detachment Morning Report78

                              Toul, France vU6410
          17 October 1944 Fresnes, France
          Departed Fresnes, France ½ mi N.
          vU498627 at 1000 arrived present Sta 1200
          Distance marched 42 miles.

Wednesday – 18th October 194479

          No change.

Thursday – 19th October 194480

          Twenty rounds from an enemy 280mm railway gun fell in the vicinity of the XX Corps command post at Jarny (U66).  This gun, or guns, appeared at intervals along the entire Army front during the month but did little damage.  Favored targets in addition to Jarny (U66) were Nancy (U81) and forty-two rounds fell on Pont-A-Mousson (U73) each of the towns were shelled two or three times causing casualties and damage to property.

Thursday – 19th October 194481

          Entire Battery “B” minus Administration and Guard personnel from duty with 733rd FA Battalion (XX Corps, 195th FA Group, 155mm Gun) at Urcourt Bruville, France and resumed duties with Battalion.

Thursday – 19th October 194482

          Toul (France), ammo job at Chaligny (France). Note: this was Fort Adventure

Thursday – 19th October 1944 Battery “B” Morning Report83

                              Toul, France vU6410
          Departed Urcourt, France vU688608
          0830, arr present Sta 1100.
          Distance marched 40 miles.

Dear Folks,

     Have been busy for a few days! Like circus people, we too, have winter quarters. We have moved into some French Army Barrack which are large enough to house the entire Battalion. The officers have a large stone building – downstairs we have the C.P. and upstairs are our quarters. John, Jim & I are living in one room – three cots, a straw tick, a fine wood stove and a fine view. We are now true “garstroopers”. I suppose we’ll spend the winter here. It’s ok with us cause it rains off and on all day. We will have our regular Camp Gordon life – only over here and the “overseas” pay. We are in a nice town – quite large – but very old. Bought a pair of flannel pajamas and have em on!! Quite a soft life eh? Send me a shoulder holster for my .45 cal. Colt Automatic. If you can manage it – send it “first class”. I can use it anytime you can send it to me. Got a letter from Peg also your #43. Heard from Jane – what a gal! Glad to know my letters are coming thru. For a while I was writing every day. Need a bath tomorrow is the big day, I hope, will tell you more next time. Love to you all – your Son.

Friday – 20th October 194484

          Entire Battery “A” minus Administration and Guard personnel from present station to temp day with 733rd Field Artillery Battalion (XX Corps, 195th FA Group, 155mm Gun) Urcourt Bruville, France.

Friday – 20th October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report85

                             Urcourt, vU6960
          Toul France
          Btry left Toul for Urcourt.
          19 EM left behind for Guard.
          Distance traveled 45 miles.

Friday – 20th October 1944 Battery “B” Morning Report86

                              Toul, France vU6410
                    Kilgore                                               39 409 640     Pvt.
                              Dy to sk in Hosp LD

Saturday – 21st October 194487

          The Office of Strategic Services/Secret Intelligence Field Detachment working with the “Spécial Réseaux”, a secret French underground source which had radio contact with agents behind the German line learned that a train with twenty-two cars was located between Téterchen (Q-17) and Landonvills (Lunéville) (Q-06), and that on the 21st and 22nd of October large guns had fired from Moulin De Francaltroff about 300 meters North of Landonvills (Q-06) station.

Saturday – 21st October 194488

          Intelligence reported that a large railway gun, believed to be the 280mm weapon which had been shelling Nancy (U81), was in the railroad shops at Metz (U85) for repairs.  As result of this information, request for an Artillery Adjustment mission was submitted at 1515.  At 1645 a pilot from the 10th Photo Reconnaissance Group adjusted a 155mm gun battalion upon the shops, following which 140 rounds were fired for effect, sixty of these under air surveillance.  The firing was concluded with six rounds of white phosphorous shell which caused large fires. An intelligence agent dispatched to ascertain the results of the firing reported demolition of the gun, twenty-two cannoneer casualties and complete wreckage of the area.

Saturday – 21st October 194489

                              No  change

Saturday – 21st October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report90

                              Urcourt vU6960
                    Dixon                                              42 029 260     Pvt.               Code E-43
                              Dy to Sk in Hosp LD
                    Davis, Robert W.                               39 173 574     Pvt.
                               Atchd unasd from FA
                              53rd Repl Depot

Saturday – 21st October 1944 Battery ”B’ Morning Report91

                              Toul, France vU6410
                      Kilgore (Hosp)                                 39 409 640     Pvt.                Code T
Sk in hosp LD to lost to hosp.

Sunday – 22nd October 194492

          No change.

Sunday – 22nd October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report93

                              Urcourt vU6960
                    Dixon                                              42 029 260     Pvt.                Code T
                              Sk in Hosp Lt to Trfd
                              to 664th Clearing CB

Monday – 23rd October 194494

           No change.

Dear Folks,

     Have been busy for the last few days hence – the lack of letters. Everything at the Battalion is cozy. We are doing very little. The Barracks have been cleaned and all is fine. We are having classes etc. – not that we need ‘em, cause we’re as sharp as razors. I left the Battalion Saturday and am on a new detail. There are five of us – 3 EM & 2 Officers. We have a fine tent, a stove, a gas lantern and/or lights from the truck. As for what I’m doing you’ll have to wait – till I get back to the Battalion. It’s a good job – very interesting -!!

     Got a letter from you and one from Peg – both September! Got a haircut from a French Coiffeur a shampoo form his wife – really felt good. All I need now is to get my laundry back. I’m short on shirts. Had a cold a few days ago, but I must be rather healthy cause it’s gone now. Will ask Jane to send you a picture, although you probably will have one when you get this letter. Will write again soon. my love to one and all
                                           Your Son.

Tuesday – 24th October 194495

          In the early morning of 24th October, sixteen shells from railway guns fell on the city of Nancy (U-81) and in the vicinity of Third U.S. Army Headquarters.  Information regarding the whereabouts of these guns was at first entirely lacking and G-2 agencies began a diligent search to determine their location.  First step was the plotting of the information on a Situation Map and recording the time, place and person making the report.

Tuesday – 24th October 194496

          Nancy (U81) and Saint Max (U81) again were shelled with sixteen rounds of German 280mm artillery, three shells narrowly missing the Army Commander’s quarters.  A dud shell landed between the two wings of the 12th Evacuation Hospital in Nancy (U81), cutting a thirty-six foot course into the ground and coming to rest at a point twenty feet deep.

Tuesday – 24th October 194497

          The night of the 24th the railroad gun fired on Nancy (U 81) again

Tuesday – 24th October 194498

                              No change

Wednesday – 25th October 194499

          No change.

Wednesday – 25th October 1944 MD Detachment Morning Report100

                              Toul France vU6410
                     Garcia, Manuel U.                           39 695 437     Pfc.                Code A-8
                              Rd to Gr of Pvt.

Tuesday – 26th October 1944101

          But the gun (railroad) continued to fire.  In the afternoon daylight of the 25th more rounds fell on Nancy (U 81).

Thursday – 26th October 1944102

               No change.

Thursday – 26th October 1944 Battery “A” Morning Report103

                              Urcourt, vU6960
                    Sheerin                                          39 123 518     Cpl.                Code A-FA
                              Reatchd & Rejd From 7
                              Field Hosp

Dear Family,

     I, too, am surprised at Dad’s letters not arriving. It’s a silly thought, but perhaps he’s using one of my old APO’s. I haven’t gotten one from him since the last one several weeks ago. I got your #45 – 46 today, along with one from Uncle Art. It was nice of him to take time off to write – I know he must be busy, your boxes sound great. I won’t give away a single thing till I’m sick of eating the nuts, etc. In a couple of days, I’ll tell you all about what I’ve been doing this last week – know you’re interested. Glad you like Jane’s pictures – I think I have one like it – she’s standing on the side of a hill – isn’t she Billy & the Colonel flew over to see us this afternoon – brought our mail! But no package as yet. Am going to writ to Uncle Art in a minute – wrote to Ham Ross & Jack Robenson a couple of weeks ago. You should have received the $91.00 I sent in August from Sens de Bretagne. Next month I hope to have about $80.00 more to send you I’ll explain in a few days. Will write again in a few days. My love to all at home.
                                                                            Tom.

Friday – 27th October 1944104

          On 27th October Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, III Corps Artillery, was temporarily attached to XX Corps and departed for the XX Corps zone.

Friday – 27th October 1944105

                              No change

Saturday – 28th October 1944106

          No change.

Dear Folks,

     Just finished a note to Don – gave him all the dope. Haven’t heard from him for a while. Hope to get a letter from him soon. Today it was cold as heck!! Almost froze getting out of bed this morning. I expect snow any day if it doesn’t warm up. I wore my flannel P.J. pants under my combat pants – it was just right- will probably wear ‘em from now on. Max and two of the men have hit the hay – the Sargent is reading, and I am doing this – in between lines we’ve been talking about old shows we’ve seen. Just put a couple of sticks in the stove – it almost went out. Have read a couple of books and have gone to bed at 2100 every night. Gota letter from you today – had a map of France inside – thanks loads – the scale a little small – I’m almost off the sheet. Sorry Betty hasn’t heard from Ted – don’t know where he is – so I can’t help you out. Haven’t lost anymore weight – have been leading a good life. Best love to all at home
                                                Tom.

Sunday – 29th October 1944107

          Elements of the 90th Infantry Division seized all of the town of Maizieres-Les-Metz (U86) except for the town hall where the enemy resisted stiffly.  This final attack on Maizieres-Les-Metz (U86) was preceded by a thirty-minute preparation by XX Corps artillery, emphasis being placed on counter battery fires.  Initially the enemy’s artillery reaction was strong and included fire from positions which previously had remained silent.  These positions were promptly attacked with counter battery fire so that early ascendancy was achieved over enemy artillery and maintained throughout the attack.  Elements of the 10th Armored Division arrived in the corps area in the vicinity of Mars-La-Tour (U65), west of Metz (U85).  Elsewhere in the corps zone there was no change, Metz (U85) had been completely cleared and Fort Driant, Jeanne D’Arc, Plapperville and St. Quentin being contained by the 5th Infantry Division.

Sunday – 29th October 1944108

          Artillery ammunition expenditures for the week ending 290600 October indicated the extent to which our artillery, notably that with the XX Corps, resorted to captured guns and ammunition to render effective support.  Eighty percent of all artillery ammunition fired by XX Corps had been captured from the enemy.  The figures are as follows – 

                                                   XII Corps      XX Corps
        105mm Howitzer                      7026              364
         4.5 – inch Gun                           58                 0
        155mm Howitzer                        929               79
        155mm Gun                              352              190
        155mm (BP)                               –                221
         8 – inch Howitzer                      185              331
         8 – inch Gun                              26 *              8 **
        240mm Howitzer                          11              194
         76.2mm Gun                             ***            4069
         88mm Gun                                ***            1013
        105mm Gun – Howitzer                 ***            1883
        150mm Gun                                ***             707
        150mm Howitzer (Schneider)          ***            3096

                                         *One battery
                                      **One Battalion less one battery
                                      ***Figures not available

Sunday – 29th October 1944109

                              No change

Sunday – 29th October 1944 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report110

                              Toul, France vU6410
                    Mulkey                                              6 551 567     Pvt.
                              Dy to conf Post Stockade

Monday – 30th October 1944111

          No change.

Monday – 30th October 1944 Battery “B” Morning Report112

                              Toul, France vU6410
                    Pugh, Rovert F.                                 35 462 291     Tec/4              Code FA
                               MOS 060 Skilled MCO 010
                               Trfd in gr fr 38th Repl Bn. Asgd & jd.

Tuesday – 31st October 1944113

          In the XX Corps zone the line from the northern boundary south to Hauconcourt (U87) remained stable with the enemy disposed thinly along the east bank of the Moselle River.  Enemy patrols crossed to the west of the river and harassing and interdicting artillery fire persisted throughout the period in this area.  In the Metz (U85) bridgehead the defending forces, stiffened by a battalion of officer candidates from the school at Metz (U85), staved off the capture of Fort Driant.  Slightly to the north in the same bridgehead, the enemy tenaciously defended through the month the Army’s assault on Maizieres-Les-Metz (U86), from which he was finally cleared on 30 October.

     Early in the month the enemy realized that the current major threat to the stability of his front did not exist in the Third U.S. Army zone.  The counterattacks against the XII Corps diminished rapidly as the enemy reshuffled his forces and disposed his better-trained and more mobile elements to meet the growing major threats in Holland, at AACHEN (K84) and in the Seventh U.S. Army zone.  At end of the month the enemy strength opposing the Army was estimated at five divisions.  During October, the 7,346,755 gallons of gasoline received amounted to 67 percent of requests.  As the result of rationing, average daily issues of gasoline were approximately 216,000 gallons, in contrast to the average issue of 313,000 gallons during September.  The Army reserve stock of gasoline at the end of the month totaled 638,235 gallons.

     At the end of October the ammunition supply was still tight and units in contact voluntarily instituted a system of self-rationing when the seriousness of the situation became known to them.  Ordnance Class II and Class IV supplies were in an improved condition at the end of the month, although fire control equipment was still critical.

Tuesday – 31st October 1944114

          On 31st October the III Corps moved to Etain, waiting four weeks for the orders, which would cause it to become operational.

Tuesday – 31st October 1944115

                              No change

Tuesday – 31st October 1944 Battery “C Morning Report116

                                 Toul, France, vU6410
                    Weir, Joseph H.                                     6 978 435     Pvt.
                                 Dy to sk in Hosp LD

Dear Folks,

     Got back here safe & sound after a fine week up at the – Brigade. Graland and I went up there for F.A. Air observation. We flew on an average of three or four hours a day over the lines south of _____. We had a nice set up – in bed early & up early – we flew whenever we could and into Jerryland. Whenever they made a move we’d call for fire and plaster him back into his fox holes. There was a little danger involved and only when you got careless and went to close to Jerry, Max & I were very cautious. I got paid a bit more, ½ of my base pay – about $83.00. I will send it home – you all can salt it away for me. Didn’t get any mail today and won’t be here for the next four days ‘cause I’m going to the rear to pick up some ammo. Taking 5 trucks from the Battery and 13 men. We should have a lot of fun. It will a relief to get away from the Barracks & the Battalion. I still am very tired – have been waking up early in the morning and having a awful time getting back to sleep.
                       I’ve got to wash & shave and get into bed –
                                           Love to all – more later on.
                                                                 Tom.

October Summary117

         Generally, the static tactical situation which obtained in September persisted through October, with the difference that there was a planned offensive to be organized and a definite date for its execution fixed.
    The attention of the Command Group was directed principally to the solution of three major problems in preparation for this new offensive.
    First was the accumulatio of sufficient supplies to sustain the offensive which was to carry to the Rhine.  To this end the entire supply situation was re-examined and studied with a view to conserving ammunition and weapons during the static period.  Likewise, steps were taken to obtain every possible benefit from the material at hand and accumulate the required supply stocks.  Whenever possible definite arrangements were made for future deliveries.  Thus, captured enemy weapons and ammunition were used extensively as was other captured equipment.
     In the XX Corps sector, the Met (U85) forts presented a problem in a type of fixed fortification with which the Army had had little experience.  A partially successful attack in battalion strength by the 5th Infantry Division against Fort Driant (U75), one of the strongest of the forts guarding Metz(U85), was continued during the early part of the month and the experience gained thereby was instrumental in determining the tactical plan for future operation against Metz (U85) and provided a basis for training in assaults on fixed fortifications.  Battalions were rotated during this operation with that purpose in mind.  The other attack in the XX Corps zone was that of the 90th Infantry Division on Maizieres Le Lets (U86).  This was executed by the 357th Infantry Regiment and was in anticipation of the future large-scale offensive.
    Meantime, the plan for the new offensive as approved by the Army Command on 18 October was submitted to the Army Group Commander the following day.  This plan involved a large-sale attack for the reduction of Metz (U85) by encirclement by XX Corps and its subsequent advance with XII Corps on the right to the Saar River, the establishment of bridgeheads across the Saar and a breach of the Siegfried fortification.  The details of this were coordinated with Sixth Army prior to approval by Twelfth Army Group.
     The Army commander visited the new units, including III Corps and 95th Infantry Division, in Third U.S. Army and spoke to a selected groups as officers and noncommissioned officers.

October 1944
  1. Third U.S. Army After Action Report, Volume II, Staff Section Reports, Part 9-Artillery, Chapter 1 Planning, October 1944, Page 1
  2. Third U.S. Army After Action Report, Volume II, Staff Section Report, Part 3, G-2 Section - October, Page 21
  3. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  4. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  5. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  6. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery B Morning Report
  7. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery C Morning Report
  8. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery SB Morning Report
  9. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery MD Morning Report
  10. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Operations, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page 100
  11. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  12. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Operations, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page 100
  13. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  14. PFC Harry G. MacDuffee, B Battery, 244th Field Artillery - Battery Record
  15. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  16. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery B Morning Report
  17. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery C Morning Report
  18. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  19. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery SB Morning Report
  20. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Operations, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page 101
  21. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  22. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  23. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Operations, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page 103
  24. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  25. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  26. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  27. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery B Morning Report
  28. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery C Morning Report
  29. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery SB Morning Report
  30. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  31. Third U.S. Army After Action Report, Volume II, Part 3 G-2 Annex No. 19, Page LXXVIII
  32. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  33. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  34. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  35. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  36. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  37. War Department, Adjutant General’s Office, Headquarters III Corps After Action Report, December 1944, Page 1
  38. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  39. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  40. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  41. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery B Morning Report
  42. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery SB Morning Report
  43. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery MD Morning Report
  44. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  45. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  46. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery MD Morning Report
  47. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  48. Third U.S. Army After Action Report, Volume II Part 18 Ordnance, Page 14
  49. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page 105
  50. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  51. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery C Morning Report
  52. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery MD Morning Report
  53. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  54. PFC Harry G. MacDuffee, B Battery, 244th Field Artillery - Battery Record
  55. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  56. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  57. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery MD Morning Report
  58. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  59. PFC Harry G. MacDuffee, B Battery, 244th Field Artillery - Battery Record
  60. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  61. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery B Morning Report
  62. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  63. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  64. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  65. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  66. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  67. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery SB Morning Report
  68. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page 107
  69. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  70. Department of The Army, USH&EC, USAMHI, 202-244th 1945, “History of The 244th Field Artillery Battalion During World War II
  71. W. U. (Doc) Savage Letter, December 15, 1949
  72. W. U. (Doc) Savage Letter, December 15, 1949
  73. Serving In Harm's Way, A Record of My Service In The U.S. Army and WWII, Byron G. Rogers jr., January 2006
  74. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  75. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  76. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery C Morning Report
  77. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery SB Morning Report
  78. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery MD Morning Report
  79. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  80. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page 109
  81. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  82. PFC Harry G. MacDuffee, B Battery, 244th Field Artillery - Battery Record
  83. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery B Morning Report
  84. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  85. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  86. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery B Morning Report
  87. Third U.S. Army After Action Report, Volume II, Staff Section Report, Part 3 – G-2, Page 19
  88. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page 110
  89. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  90. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  91. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery B Morning Report
  92. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  93. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  94. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  95. Third U.S. Army After Action Report, Volume II Part 3 – G-2 Section, Page 19
  96. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page 112
  97. Third U.S. Army After Action Report, Volume II, Part 3, G-2 Section - August, Page 19
  98. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  99. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  100. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery MD Morning Report
  101. Third U.S. Army After Action Report, Volume II, Staff Section Report, Part 3, G-2 Section - August, Page 19
  102. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  103. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery A Morning Report
  104. War Department, Adjutant General’s Office, Headquarters III Corps After Action Report, December 1944, Page 1
  105. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  106. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  107. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page 113, 114
  108. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume II Staff Section Report, Part 9 Artillery, Chapter 5 – October Operations, Page Art 11
  109. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal
  110. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery HQ & Hq Morning Report
  111. 244th Field Artillery Journal
  112. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery B Morning Report
  113. Third U. S. Army After Action Report, Volume I, Chapter 5 – October Operation, Page 120
  114. War Department, Adjutant General’s Office, Headquarters III Corps After Action Report, December 1944, Page 1
  115. 244th Field Artillery Battalion Journal October 1944
  116. 244th F.A. Battalion Battery C Morning Report
  117. Third Army After Action Report - Volume II, Part 1 Command