Thursday – 1st February 19451

          A plan for an attack against the Siegfried Line in the vicinity of Echternach (L03), using troops assigned to XII Corps, was approved by the Army Commander and a date of 5th February set, but the proposed attack was suspended for the time being by the Commanding General of Twelfth U.S. Army Group pending decision as to the area in which the main effort would be made.

     Front lines were maintained in XII Corps zone.  The 10th Infantry (5th Infantry Division) relieved the 11th infantry, which assembled in division rear area.  The 76th and 80th Infantry Division maintained their positions and patrolled aggressively.

      The supply situation was generally favorable, although coal was still seriously in short supply, there was a shortage of 73-octane gasoline for use in artillery liaison planes, while cleaning and preserving materials and one-burner stoves remained on the critical list.  Approximately sixty-five tons of coal daily were allocated to the Army from mines at Crevtzwald (Q26) and Carling (Q26) in the Seventh U.S. Army area.

Thursday – 1st February 19452

          The Battalion was in position in the vicinity of Ferme Folkendange, (vP8963-3916) attached to the 404th Field Artillery Group with the mission of general support of the XII Corps front.

     At beginning of period the Battalion was in general support of XII Corps front, firing from positions in vicinity of Ferme Folkendange.  Registration were accomplished whenever possible to increase accuracy of counter-battery and H & I fire.

Thursday – 1st February 19453

     0001 – 2400 – Approximately 10 rounds 105 Cal. enemy artillery received in vicinity of
                         Battalion C.P.  Fire TOT on enemy battery.

     1300 – Battalion Executive left Battalion C.P. to make inspection of Firing Batteries.

     1300 – Group Executive, Lt. Colonel Leo Cather, at Battalion CP to visit Battalion
               Commander.

     1500 – Group Executive left Battalion CP.

     1530 – Battalion Executive returned to CP.

Thursday – 1st February 1945
          Award of the Bronze Star Medal Citation

Friday – 2nd February 19454

          Patrolling was carried out by the 5th and 76th infantry Division in XII Corps zone, while Task Force Oboe (4th Armored Division armored infantry elements), operating in the 80th Infantry Division zone, cleared Hosdorf (P94).  There was no change in the remainder of the corps.

     Notification was received by the Army that it would receive a number of dog teams of the army rescue service which were being flown from Labrador, for evacuation of patients form the area of deep snow in the division area on the northern flank of the Army.

Friday – 2nd February 19455

     0001 – 2400 – Attempted registration of Battery “B – not completed due to poor visibility.”
                         Registered Battery “B” on Check Point No. 5 – checked Battery “C” on
                         Check Point No. 5  High-Burst with 14th Field Artillery Observation Battalion
                         completed.  Fired mission for 404th Field Artillery Group on enemy battery.
                         Usual H & I fires.

Friday – 2nd February 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report6

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8938
                    Manakea, James G.                     39 123 589    Pfc.     MOS 531      Code AA
                              MCO 499 Race W
                    Pipen, Earl L.                             34 837 976    Pvt.     MOS 531      Code AA
                              MCO 499 Race W
                              Above 2 EM Reasgd & rejd from 6th Conv
                              Hosp under provisions of Cir 69, Hq ETOUSA

Friday – 2nd February 1945 Service Battery Morning Report7

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP9138
                    Bennett, Ollie C.                         34 530 172    Tec. 4
                              Dy to sk in 305th Mediacl Bn as of
                              31 Jan 45. Nonbattle disease Dy 660

          Caption reads – February 1945, Ermsdorf Luxembourg, 155mm gun Long Tom firing on Siegfried line.

Dear Folks,
   Want to get this in the morning mail – so it will be short.  All of us are well – the sun is out – the snow is gone and it looks like Mr. Ground Hog will see his shadow: worse luck  Haven’t gotten any mail for several days – no mail from Jane for a week or more. I will have some news for you & G.E. in a few weeks. My love to all.
                                             Your Tom.

Saturday – 3rd February 19458

          Third U.S. Army was directed to continue the attack on its left and seize Prum (L07), to attack northeast from the vicinity of Echternach (L03) and seize Bitburg (l15), and be prepared to continue the attack to the Rhine River.

     XII Corps (5th, 76th and 80th Infantry Divisions, 4th Armored Division and attached troops) was ordered to seize and secure a bridgehead over the Sauer River, attack and seize Bitburg (L15), and be prepared to continue the attack east of northeast.

     At a conference of the Army commander with four Third U.S. Army corps commanding generals it was decided that XII Corps would attack the night of 6 -7 February, the objective being Bitburg (L15), and that VIII Corps would continue to drive toward Prum (L07) with the troops assigned to it.

     XII Corps’ only attack was conducted by Task Force Oboe, (Armored Infantry elements of the 4th Armored Division), attached to the 80th Infantry Division maintained position and patrolled.  XII Corps artillery continued its program of strong harassing and interdiction fires placed upon all enemy-held towns and buildings within range of the artillery with the corps.

Saturday – 3rd February 19459

     0001 – 2400 – Registration of Battery “A” on Check Point No. 5 completed.

     1005 – Field Message No. 1 dated 021800 February 1945 receive from 80th Division
               showing overlay an giving tentative plan for and attack in conjunction with other
               XII Corps units.  Map Reference Germany 1:25,000.

Saturday – 3rd February 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report10

                              Ferme Folkendand Luxembourg vP8939
                    Gaskin, John R., Jr.                  34 420 558    Pfc.     MOS 345      Code 11-2
                              Promoted to Tec 5 par 1, SO #8, Hq. 244th
                              FA Bn. MOS changed to 747.

Sunday – 4th February 194511

          III Corps units regrouped in accordance with a change in III – XII Corps boundary.  Elements of the 6th Cavalry Group relieved the 2nd Infantry (5th Infantry Division) of XII Corps and 6th armored Division relieved elements of the 90th Infantry Division of VIII Corps.  Elements of the 76th infantry Division were relieved by the 2nd Cavalry Group.  The 17th Airborne Division maintained its position and patrolled to the Our River.

     XII Corps units regrouped following the change in inter-corps boundaries, and patrolled aggressively.  Searchlights were first used in a ground role in Third U.S. Army area on the night of 4th February in a familiarization mission in this corps.  Since the ground troops were not accustomed to night combat under artificial moonlight, a sector was chosen in which no major operation was underway.  A position overlooking the enemy lines along the Moselle River was chosen for first employment of searchlights for battlefield illumination.  Two lights were employed in defilade sites near Canach (91) to throw a beam over the Mosell River in the direction of the German Lines.  At that time, outposts were established in the town of Ehnen (L01).  The hostile shores were illuminated sufficiently to discern objects on the far shore.  No artillery fire was drawn during the three-day period these lights were in operation.

Sunday – 4th February194512

          The Battalion was relieved of attachment to the 404th Field Artillery Group and attached to the 410th Field Artillery Group with no change in mission.

Sunday – 4th February 194513

     0800 – Battalion relieved of attachment to 404th Field Artillery Group and attached to
               410th Field Artillery Group per verbal order Group Commander.

     1030 – Colonel Wyeth, 404th Field Artillery Group Commander, visited Battalion Commander.

     1115 – Colonel Wyeth left Battalion C.P.

     1655 – Overlay received from 14th field Artillery Observation Battalion showing line
               rout overlay.  Map References:  Wiltz and Arlen – 1:50,000.

Sunday – 4th February 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report14

                              Ferme Folkendand Luxembourg vP8939
                    Walter, William R.                    14 138 363    Pvt.     MOS 345      Code 11-7
                              Promoted to PFC par 1, Btry Order #5, HJq
                              Btry, 244th FA Bn.

          Caption reads – February 1945, Diekirch Luxembourg, city from a distance

Monday – 5th February 194515

          A small counterattack was easily repulsed by the 94th Infantry Division while elsewhere in XX Corps zone there was no major activity.

     Authorization was granted to reestablish local mail and telephone service in Luxembourg City (P81), Esch (P70) and other urban centers of southern Luxembourg.

Monday – 5th February 194516

     0001 – 2400 – Weather prevented any type of registration.  No fire missions called for.

     1400 – Battalion commander visited Firing Batteries.

     1600 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

Monday – 5th February 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning17

                               Ferme Folkendand Luxembourg vP8939
                    Myer, Milton S.                            01 177 080    2nd Lt.               Code 11-F
                              Promoted to 1st Lt. Aus, Date of Rand 1 Feb
                              45 par 21, SO 31, Hq. TUSA, dtd 1 Feb 45

Dear Family,
     It has been a very dull week – end there is little or nothing to do. It has been raining the last few days and there is mud everywhere so we hardly venture out of the house. Your letter #81 and Pegs January 4 came last night – sure was glad to hear from you two.  Capt. Coyne said that Mrs. C had heard from you – I saw him yesterday at the C.P.  I haven’t seen Wink for a week – but I guess he’s ok.  Had a card from Max – he’s at the Hosp. in the U.K.  He says nothing about any treatment.  Guess I’ll stop flying if I can.  I hate to start working with the new pilot.  I’ll write more later on – my love to one an all at home. Love, your Son.

Tuesday – 6th February 194518

          Attacking at 0100 in XII Corps zone, the 5th Infantry Division advanced with its 11th Infantry and the attached 417th Infantry (76th Infantry Division) , crossing the Saur River and gaining 1,000 yards.  The

     80th Infantry Division attacked at 0300 and elements of its 318th and 319th Infantry Regiments also crossed the Sauer River.   A heavy artillery preparation involving an expenditure of approximately 29,000 rounds of ammunition was fired from 0130 to 0600 by all corps and division artillery battalions.  Three battalions of III Corps artillery also fired in support of the attack.  The preparation embraced 280 missions on enemy artillery locations, 137 on enemy command posts and 102 on enemy occupied towns.  Upon conclusion of the preparation fires, divisional artillery reverted to close support of the respective divisions and the corps artillery fired a program of heavy harassing and interdiction fires on towns and enemy command posts until 1200 hours.  Enemy artillery activity increased considerably in reaction to the attack with emphasis upon harassing and interdiction fires in the bridgehead areas, particularly against the 80th Infantry Division.  Xll Corps artillery fired a heavy program of counterbattery fires including a total of forty-eight “serenade” missions throughout the period.  The 5th Infantry Division requested antiaircraft artillery searchlights for battlefield illumination, two lights being cited in the 11th Infantry zone for this purpose.  Lights were used only ten minutes as on this occasion they revealed infantry assault boats making the crossing.

Tuesday – 6th February 194519

          Battery “A”, 558th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm SP) was attached to this Battalion for Fire Direction only and was relieved from attachment 7th February 1945.

Tuesday – 6th February 194520

          Battery “A”, 558th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm SP) was attached to this Battalion for Fire Direction and was registered by Air Op.  They fired with Battalion that night in preparation for attack by th 5th and 80th Infantry Divisions.  A total of 905 rounds were expended by the Battalin in this preparation.  The SP Battery was relieed from attachmenton 7 February 1945.  Battalion continued supporting fire.

Tuesday – 6th February 194521

     0001 – 2400 – High-Burst registration attempted but results were unsatisfactory due to
                         weather conditions.  Battery “A”, 558th Field Artillery Battalion, attached for
                         Fire Direction.  Fired preparation for attack of 5th and 80th Infantry.  H & I
                         Fires on Bettingen and Mettendorf Germany at rate of 2 rounds per hour on
                         each.  Fired TOT on hostile battery at 1620.

     1000 – Battalion Executive left for Corps.

     1510 – Group commander visited Battalion Commander.

     1525 – Battalion Executive returned to Battalion C.P.

     1530 – Group Commander left Battalion C.P.

Tuesday – 6th February 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report22

                              Ermsdorf, Luembourg vP8937
                    Ivester, Oneal L.                     34 359 514    Pfc.
                              Dy to sk in qrs LD as of 5 Feb 45

Wednesday – 7th February 194523

          Twelfth U.S. Army Group was to secure the Roer River dams, clear the enemy from the area west of the approximate line: Roer River – – Gemund (F11) – – Schleiden (F11) Frauenkron (F11), was to attack on its left to support the operation of 21 Army Group British, whose right (south) flank it was to protect.  Throughout the remainder of its zone Twelfth U.S. Army Group was to assume an aggressive defense generally along the existing front line.

     In the XII Corps, the 5th and 80th infantry Divisions continued their assault operations to enlarge bridgeheads across the Our and Saure Rivers, and reduced pillboxes on the east side of both rivers.  The 5th Infantry Division, with elements of the 10th, 11th and 417th (76th Infantry Division) Infantry Regiment, repulsed several counterattacks on the eastern side of the Sauer River with the assistance of massed artillery fires.  Necessary adjustments were made in siting the antiaircraft searchlights used in supporting the crossings of the 5th Infantry Division, the lights being used for eight hours.  First reports stated the infantry did not like the illumination. However, after becoming accustomed to the effect of the light, they requested additional lights.  Elements of the 80th Infantry Division captured Wallendorf (P94).  The 4th Armored Division consolidated its gains of the previous day while the 76th Infantry Division (-) moved into assembly areas.

     The Army was informed by Twelfth U.S. Army Croup that the serious Rail car shortage had become more critical because of additional requirement to move food and coal for minimum civilian needs and coal for military use.   Asked to take vigorous action, the Army increased its efforts to unload rail ears more rapidly at all supply points.

Wednesday – 7th February 194524

     The 558th Field Artillery Battalion (155mm SP) was relieved from attachment.

Wednesday – 7th February 194525

     0001 – 2400 – Fired preparation for attack of 5th and 80th Infantry Division from 0130 to
                         0603.  905 rounds ammunition expended.  Battery “A”, 558th Field Artillery
                         Battalion relieved of attachment to Fire Direction and departed upon order
                         of Unit Commander.  Fired H & I mission on a total of 11 targets including
                         CP’s, CR’s in towns, etc.  Fired a total of 26 serenade missions principally
                         on hostile batteries, nebelwerfers, etc.  Fired a total of 8 other TOT
                         missions (not Serenades) on hostile batteries, CP’s and other enemy activity.
                         Fired a total of 1 “When Ready” concentrations on enemy troops counter-
                         attacking.

     0920 – Battalion commander left CP for Op.

     1000 – Colonel Day, Group Commander, visited Fire Direction Center.

     1130 – Colonel Day left Fire Direction Center.

     1130 – Battalion commander returned to C.P.

Wednesday – 7th February 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report26

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8938

                    Burrows, F. C.                          34 845 537    Pvt.                  Code 1-7
                    Dalla Rossa, Frank T.                 32 958 579    Pvt.                  Code 1-7
                    Jean, Antoine A.                        37 013 156    Pvt.                  Code 1-7
                    Kraasch, Otto H., Jr.                  39 478 821    Pvt.                  Code 1-7
                    Pappas, Dinald J.                       37 747 164    Pvt.                  Code 1-7
                              Above 5 EM antd Pfc fr Pvt per par 1, SO #5,
                              this Btry
                    Steigler, Richard H.                    42 001 793    Pfc.                  Code 81
                              Duty to temp dy 17th Reinforcement Command
                              Depot for return for further temp dy to
                              Recantion Sta, Fort Dix, N.J., USA, for SO
                              Rest in recuperation. Departed

Wednesday – 7th February 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report27

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8937
                    Ivaster, Oneal L.                     34 359 514    Pfc.
                              Sk in qrs LD to dy
                    Brown, James T.                      34 339 560    Pvt.                        Code 11-7
                    Wilsy, James                           34 623 825    Pvt.                        Code 11-7
                    Wolas, Richard T.                     36 992 947    Pvt.                        Code 11-7
                              Above 3 EM aptd Pfc per SO #3 Btry
                              C 244th FA Bn

          Caption reads – February 1945, Diekich Luxembourg, result of artillery-shelling

Dear Family,
     Feel kind of low down – both board and tired.  I can’t figure it out. Your last letters were several  days ago – and I haven’t heard form Jane for a couple of weeks.  I know she’s writing but APO’s have  the mail all tied up.  I’m getting terrible hard to live with!! I do hope I get a litter tomorrow – but I’ve been saying that for so long.  My mail to you has been ok, hasn’t it? Are there long delays?  Let me know – perhaps she hasn’t heard from me for a while.  It works both ways, you know.  Has the vase & ink stand come?  Let me know. Love to all,
                                                                                            Tom.

Thursday – 8th February 194528

          In XII Corps the 4th Armored Division ( – ) remained in division reserve.  The 76th Infantry Division ( – ) patrolled in conjunction with the 2nd and 42nd Cavalry Squadron along the southern part of corps zone.  The 5th Infantry Division with the 417th Infantry (76th Infantry Division) attached reinforced its bridgeheads across the Sauer River, while farther north the 80th Infantry Division also enlarged its bridgeheads of the Sauer River.

     Experience of some divisions indicated that, in wet weather, overshoes were superior to shoe pacs.  It was found that the shoe pacs were not water-tight around the seams and that overshoes and shoes in combination provided more flexible foot-gear equipment.  The first of the dog teams which were to be used to evacuate patients in areas of deep snow arrived in the Army area.  None of the teams was ever used, as the snow had melted by the time of their arrival.

Thursday – 8th February 194529

          The Battalion fired a 30-minute preparation for the 80th Infantry Division.

Thursday – 8th February 194530

     0001 – 2400 – Ground OP reported enemy shelling at 0956 hours – Battalion fire a
                         30-minute preparation for the 80th Infantry Division.  Scheduled H & I fire
                         discontinued from 0652 to 0947.  Resume at 0947 at rate of one battery
                         volley each four hours and one round per hour on each of seven towns.
                         At 1730 increased this rate to one battery volley each three hours and
                         two rounds per hour on the same seven targets.  Discontinued H & I
                         fires at 1857.  Air OP adjusted “A” #2 on enemy battery at 0956.  At 1022
                         fired a TOT on this target with the Corps.  Fired a total of 18 serenade
                         TOT missions mostly on hostile batteries.

     1320 – Overlay from 410th Field Artillery Group received showing front line positions.

     1300 – Battalion commander left to register battery by AOP.

     1320 – Battalion Executive felt to inspect firing batteries.

     1050 – Major Braley, XII Corps, visited Battalion CP for conference with Battalion
               Commanding regarding supplies and ammunition.

     1125 – Major Braley left Battalion CP.

     1530 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion CP.

     1545 – Battalion Executive returned to Battalion CP.

8th February 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report31

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8938
                    Robertson, William G.                 37 494 061    Cpl.     MOS 539      Code 11-8
                              Aptd Sgt from Cpl per par 1, SO #9, Hq this
                              Bn dy 539
                    Goodwin, Rube                          34 339 565    Pfc.     MOS 060      Code 11-9
                    Pennebaker, George B.                39 039 264    Pfc.     MOS 776      Code 11-9
                    Parkins, Cecil R.                         34 390 858    Pfc.     MOS 244
                              Above 3 EM aptd Tec 5 fr Pfc per par 3, SO
                              #9, Hq this Bn

8th February 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report32

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP9038
                    Bingley, Edward H.                    33 224 008    Tec. 4
                              Rd to gr of Pvt. per par 2 SO #9 Hq
                              this Bn.
                    Bingley, Edward H.                    33 224 008    Pvt.
                              Promoted to Pfc per par 1 SO #5 Btry
                              “B” this Bn.
                    Grant, Robert N.                       33 542 375    Pvt.
                              Dy to sk in qtrs. As of 7 Feb 45.

8th February 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report33

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8937
                    Brown, Frank E.                       34 525 781    Tec. 5                Code 11-N
                              Aptd Tec 4 per par 3, SO #9 Hq 244th
                              FA Bn dtd 8 Feb 45
                   Segeski, Alexander G., Jr.            35 520 580    Pfc.                  Code 11-0
                   Weinshenker, Rubin                    32 885 959    Pfc.                  Code 11-0
                              Above 2 EM aptd Tec 5 per par 3, SO
                             #9 hq 244th FA Bn dtd 8 Feb 45

Colonel Davis Paper34

          What would happen is that the retreating Germans would block the entrance to these small villages by placing huge, tall telephone poles – – digging them into the entrance to the village roads and then had 88 mm guns pointing down that road to try to stop the advancing 4th Armored Division.  What the armored division did when they came to one of these small villages that was blocked like that was stop, and all of the artillery with them came down on the village and knocking out the 88mm guns there and the big telephone poles.  We used some white phosphorus too.  Usually, what we did was set the village on fire, so by the time we’d get there in our jeeps and start on through the village, the houses on both sides of the road were ablaze and you were just going along in a jeep under a big fire umbrella. That way, they moved very fast and very far.  As I say, the Germans were retreating very fast and trying to slow down the armored divisions.

Dear Folks,
     The sun came out today and it was quite nice out.  Things kind of picked up the last couple of days.  We are all quite happy about the whole thing.  Talked with Coyne this afternoon maybe I’ll go out with him on a “deal” tomorrow.  Went out to get a “Shell Report” a few days ago – it got real hot Jerry sent a lot of mail in the area and we had to put the heat back on him.  The shell scream really makes your spine tingle.  Shells come in fast and slow. The noise is either long and drawn out or sort and sweet.  In either case you automatically hit the dirt (or mud).  Came back in soaking wet, but got the dope to shoot back at him.  More later on.
                                                            Love to all,
                                                                      Tom.

Friday – 9th February 194535

         The 5th Infantry Division (XII Corps), with attached 417th Infantry (76th Infantry Division), enlarged its bridgehead across the Sauer River inland to a depth of 800 yards and a width of two miles.  The 80th Infantry Division also increased its bridgehead to one mile in depth and one-half mile in width, all of the 318th Infantry and two-thirds of the 319th Infantry being across the river.  Under control of the division artillery Commander, tank destroyers attacked enemy pillboxes and assisted in the capture of several hundred prisoners.  Artillery with XII Corps continued to fire heavily in support of the corps attack and repeatedly fired brief but intensive preparations in support of division attacks.  Enemy artillery reaction to the attack continued to increase and included considerable heavy mortar and nebelwerter fires , notably against the bridge sites of the 80th Infantry Division in the vicinity of Hoesdorf (P94) and Wallendorf (P94).   Artillery continued its program of extensive harassing and interdiction fires upon all enemy held towns and buildings up to the extreme range of the artillery with the corps.

      Eight hundred “K” rations and 800 “D” rations ware dropped by P47s to advanced elements or the 80th Infantry Division, which had established a bridgehead across the Our River.  Upon request of XII Corps, the rations were delivered to the air field at Etain (U47) for packing in bally tanks.  Plans were made for another air drop of rations, ammunition and medical supplies, but the division indicted that air resupply was unnecessary.

Friday – 9th February 194536

     0001 – 2400 – No. 2 Baker adjusted on enemy btry.  By AOP – battery three volleys for
                         effect.  One harassing mission started at 2000 to continue until further
                         notice.

     1000 – Battalion commander left for Battery “C”.

     1045 – Battalion commander returned to Battalion CP.

     1100 – Meeting of Battery Commanders held.

     1315 – Battalion Commander and S-2 left on reconnaissance for new GOP.

     1415 – Major Harrison, 410th FA group and Major Boright, 5th Division Artillery, at
               Battalion CP.

     1430 – Major Harrison and Major Boright left Battalion CP.

     1630 – Battalion Commander and S-2 returned to Battalion CP.

Friday – 9th February 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report37

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8937
                   Turri, Ralph A.                       33 301 157    Pfc.
                              Dy to sk LD 613th Clearing Co
                              “Non-Battle” (Disease) “Dy 606”

Saturday – 10th February 194538

          In the XII Corps, the bridgehead or the 5th Infantry Division was enlarged to a depth or one mile and a width of three miles.  Farther north, the 80th Infantry Division continued fighting to enlarge its bridgehead, which was now four miles wide and two miles deep.  The 18th Infantry (80th Infantry Division) cleared Biesdorf (P94) and made contact with the 319th Infantry Regiment as the attack continued.

     Self- propelled 155mm guns were used extensively in close support of the infantry to reduce and destroy enemy pillboxes.  In VII Corps, one battery each or these guns had been attached for some time to the 80th Infantry Division and one platoon each to the 5th and 76th Infantry Division.  The weapon proved eminently satisfactory for the purpose and one XII Corps battery destroyed nine pillboxes on this date alone.

Saturday – 10th February 194539

     0001 – 2400 – Two serenades fired on hostile batteries.  Nine missions (TOT) fire with
                         Group – majority on hostile batteries.  H & I fires on three points started
                         at 1915 – 2 rounds per hour until 0700, 11 February 1945.  Fired 1 rounds
                         red smoke on CP #8 following adjustment.  Fire at command of AOP, who
                         sensed it lost.  GOP observed it (Col. Day, Battalion Commander, S-3,
                         Captain Duke and Lt. Hightower).  All concurred it was of no value to
                         artillery as it showed little more than HE.

     1130 – Group Commander at Battalion CP.

     1330 – Group Commander, Battalion Commander and S-3 left for OP.

     1650 – Battalion Commander and S-3 returned to Battalion CP.

     1630 – Battalion S-2 injury by shell burst at Dillingen.

Saturday – 10th February 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report40

                              Ferme Folkendand Luxembourg vP8939
                    Coyne, John W., Jr.                     0 369 215    Capt.                 Code M-5
                              Dy to Lost to 12th Evacuation Hosp, LIA,
                              Dy 9301 Wounded in Luxembourg.
                    Aeppie, Edward A.                     34 420 846    Pvt.
                              LIA, perforation wounds rt cheek and back
                              of Neck. Not Hospitalized.
          1 – 10 Feb 45 incl. Ferme Filkendand.
          Usual organizational duties.

Saturday – 10thFebruary 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report41

                               Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8938
          1 – 10 Feb 45 incl Ermsdorf, Luxembourg
          Usual Organizational Duties

Saturday – 10thFebruary 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report42

                                   Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP9038
                    Nelson, Nils A.                          33 252 634    Pfc.
                              Dy to sk LD in 613th Clearing Co LIA
                              Luxembourg “Battel Casualty” Dy 531
                    Grant, Robert N.                       33 542 975    Pvt.
                              Sk in qtrs. LD to dy
          1-11 Feb 45 incl. Ermsdorf Luxembourg
          Usual Organizational Duties

Saturday – 10thFebruary 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report43

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8937
          1 – 10 Feb 45 Ermsdorf Luxembourg
          Usual Organizational Duties

Saturday – 10thFebruary 1945 Service Battery Morning Report44

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP9138
                    Shelton, Ruby                           34 339 592    Tec. 4
                              Dy to sk LD 613th Clearing Co. Burned
                              Left hand “Non-Battle Disease”. Dy 257
          1 – 10 Feb 45 incl Ermsdorf Luxembourg
          Usual organizational duties 

Dear Folks,
     The main effort today was I’m going for a shower.  The Cpl. Tedrick and I went at 1500.  It really felt good – and hot!!  We got clean – cloths and sox, so that saves on the washing – which I hate to do – but must once in a while. I’ve never said much about the country or the people.  The land is very hilly – with steep river gorges.  There are no hedgerows – but the land is well farmed.  The villages are very much like those in France.  Just little clusters of houses and barns. These houses are built more for comfort than the French.  The roofs are red tile, walls are stone with a plaster covering.  The windows are “casement”.  The rooms are stove heated.  The manure pile is still in the front yard area.  The animals are in a barn built next to the house (adjoining).  The streets are cobbled.  This country is called Le Petet Suisse (the little Saintye land).  The people are very nice to us.  A great percentage of them speak a little English.  We all enjoy the outdoor “Chic Sale”.  All the people concentrated on the finer things – to heck with the comforts.  All of us are in the Pink so there is no need to worry about us. Will drop you a line in a day or so. Love to all
                                                Tom.

Sunday – 11th February 194545

          The 417th Infantry (attached to 5th Infantry Division) returned to the control of the 76th Infantry Division in XII Corps zone, which was then enlarging its bridgehead across the Sauer River, due east of Echternach (L03).  Meanwhile, the 10th and 11th Infantry Regiments (5th Infantry Division) enlarged their bridgehead, bringing heavy weapons across the assault bridge which had been erected the previous day.  Bollendorf (L08) was cleared by the 10th Infantry.  In the 80th Infantry Division zone, its bridgehead was enlarged, while two bridges were constructed in order to bring across necessary heavy equipment.

Sunday – 11th February 194546

     0001 – 2400 – 15 minute preparation fired – starting at 0236.  10 TOT missions fired on
                          hostile batteries.  Fired interdiction on CR, four rounds per hour.  H & I
                          fires started on two towns at 1 RPH to be continued until 0800, 12th
                          February 1945.

     1005 – Battalion Commander and Executive left CP for OP and from there will go to
               Dillingen.

     1100 – Overlay of front line situation sent from 410th FA Group.  Map:  Germany 1/25,000.

     1205 – Battalion Commander and Executive returned from OP.

     1300 – Battalion Commander and Executive left CP for OP.

     1500 – Battalion Commander and Battery Executive returned to Battalion CP.

     1700 – Battalion Commander returned to CP.

     2200 – Fire plans for attack of XII Corps receive an forwarded to S-3.

        166th Engineer Battalion Bailey Bridge over the Sûre River Dillingen, Beaufort, Luxembourg, with Germany on the other side.  

          Tec/5 Willner Beach, jeep, buddy and dog crossing the Sûre River using the 166th Engineer Battalions Bailey bridge going from Dillingen, Beaufort, Luxembourg, into Germany.
     From this photo, it appears one man is leaning over the jeep talking on the radio, the second man looks to be holding a map.  There are two jeeps parked facing north on the other side of the river.  Two men are out and forward of the first jeep which is pulling a small trailer.  The second jeep has one man standing on each side of it.
     Biesdorf and Kruchten Germany are to the left, south.  Possible confusion which way to go…

Sunday – 11th February 194547

          The Battalion fired a 15-minute preparation for the 80th Infantry Division.

Sunday – 11th February 194548

          Captain Coyne of Headquarters Battery was severely wounded and survived.

Sunday – 11thFebruary 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report49

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8938
                    Burrows. F. C.                            34 845 537    Pfc.                  Code 11-8
                    Menandez, Felix Jr.,                     34 249 205    Pfc.                  Code 11-8
                              Above 2 Em rd to gr Pvt per par 1, SO #6
                              this Btry
                    Flick, Edward J.D. 36 284 171 Cpl.
                              Dy to sk in Crs LD

Sunday – 11th February 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report50

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP9038
                    Brewer, Daniel N.                        01 158 146    1st Lt.
                              Dy to temp dy with Universitaire,
                              Paris, France for approximately 8
                              days as of 9 Feb 45.
                    Elson, Nils A.                             35 292 634    Pfc.
                              Sk in 613th Clearing Co to lost
                              To 34th Evac Hosp LIA Luxembourg
                              “Battle Casualty” Dy 631 as of
                              11 Feb 45.

Sunday – 11th February 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report51

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8937
                    Turri, Ralph A.                            33 301 157    Pfc.                  Code J4E
                              Sk LD 613th Clearing Co to lost to
                              12th Evac hosp sk LD “Non-battle
                              loss” (Disease) “Dy 606” as of 9
                              Feb 45

Sunday – 11th February 1945 Service Battery Morning Report52

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP9138
                    Bennett, Ollie C.                          34 530 172    Tec. 4                Code J4E
                              Sk in 305th Med Bn to lost to hosp
                              (name of hosp unknown, evacuated through
                              305th Med Bn) Non-battle disease. Dy 660

Dear Folks,
     I’m very tired so – this may be kind of short.  Your letters #76, 77, 87, 88, 89 came in this noon.  It’s been quite a while since I’ve heard from you.  A letter from Jane came in last night – it was dated Jan 22 so I felt quite happy.  It’s rough Dad has to have labor trouble.  If it wasn’t that it would probably be lack of coal or customers.  Our business here is quite steady – plenty of labor and a lot of customer that receive our “goods”.  The 3rd A. is doing a fine job, but people in America will never really comprehend the difficulties. It’s tough!!
     Saw my first live, fighting “Jerry” yesterday – Tedrick and I had to go down to a bridgehead to get a shell Report “(as soon as a shell land, we go out to try and locate where it came from by examining the hole)” that is a nasty job – I never tell anyone to do it.  I ask them to go too. That makes it that much nastier. Peaceful blast until we –
                                                  Love to all
                                                          Tom.

Monday – 12th February 194553

          In XII Corps zone the 417th Infantry (76th Infantry Division) enlarged its bridgehead across the Sauer River and elements of the 358th Infantry (90th Infantry Division) followed over into the bridgehead.  Meanwhile, the 10th and 11th Infantry Regiments (5th Infantry Division) enlarged their bridgehead to two miles in depth, capturing Ferschweiler (L04) and Ammeldingen (P94).  In the northern part of the one the 80th Infantry Division also enlarged its bridgehead.

Monday – 12th February 194554

     0900 – Battalion Commander left Battalion CP for 12th Evacuation Hospital to visit
                Captain Coyne.

     0930 – Captain Ducker, Acting S-2,__________________: up radio relay station to work with
                _____________________ OP Team in vicinity of Dillingen.

     1150 – Battalion commander Returned from 12th Evacuation Hospital.

     1410 – Captain Ducker returned from Dillingen.

     1550 – Survey Control, XII Corps, received from 410th Field Artillery Group – forwarded
               to Battalion S-2.

     0001 – 2400 – Ten TOT Missions fired on hostile batteries.  Fired interdiction on CR, four
                         rounds per hour, 1100 until 1500.

Monday – 12thFebruary 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report55

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8938
                    Henry, Louis B.                            34 645 986    Pvt.                 Code J4E
                              Sk in 305 Med Bn LD to lost to Hosp (Name
                              of Hosp unknown) evacuated through 305 Med
                              Disease Non-battle loss Dy 531
                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8938
                    Henry, Louis B.                            34 645 986    Pvt.                  Code J4E
                              Sk in 305 Med Bn LD to lost to Hosp (Name
                              of Hosp unknown) evacuated through 305 Med
                              Bn Disease Non-battle loss Dy 531

Mrs. C may not know yet. Don’t write a word of it to her.

Dear Family
     Our first news of Capt. Coyne, he’s going to be ok.  He got hit in the thigh area finger and head.  A 2½ piece of aluminum from the frag went into his brain, it was removed very satisfactory.  Guess he’ll be seeing Mrs. C. real soon.  Wink, having been S-2, has taken over John’s old job – I have taken over Wink’s job in “Charlie’s” Battery.  It’s going to be hard to leave “B” Battery.  After having helped raise it from Childhood all of these guys are real good friends of mine and we like each other – life still goes on. This isn’t the surprise I told you about a couple of weeks ago – this deal came as a shock to me.  Hope I can make the grade and make my “Railroad Tracks”.  Will keep you posted. Most excitedly – your Son

          Caption reads – February 1945, Diekirch Luxembourg, result of artillery shelling

Tuesday – 13th February 194556

          XII Corps continued enlarging its several bridgeheads.  Its 4th Armored Division (-) remained in corps reserve, while the 2nd and 42nd Calvary Reconnaissance Squadrons patrolled in the southern part of the zone.  The 76th Infantry Division reduced pillboxes in zone and made minor advances.  Gaining one mile in the bridgehead, the 10th Infantry (5th Infantry Division) occupied Ferschweiler (L04), while the 11th Infantry gained nearly one mile, clearing high ground on the north bank of the Sauer River and taking Ernzen (L03).  Advancing one-half mile, the 317th Infantry (80th Infantry Division) kept contact with the 5th Infantry Division on its right, while the 319th Infantry made gains of one-half mile and occupied Ammeldingen (P94).  A strong counterattack against 80th Infantry Division was repelled by the defensive fires of artillery supporting the division assisted by the heavy fire of four VIII Corps artillery battalions upon the towns of Korperich (P94) and Obersgegen (P94).  Tanks and tank destroyers continued to be brought across into the bridgeheads of the 5th and 80th Infantry Divisions.

Tuesday – 13th February 194557

     0945 – Battalion commander and Battalion Executive left Battalion CP to inspect Firing
               Batteries.

     1045 – Front Line Situation Overlay received from S-2, 410th Field Artillery Group.
               Map Reference:  Germany 1:25,000.  Forwarded to Battalion S-2.

     1215 – Battalion Commander and Battalion Executive returned to Battalion CP.

     1345 – Battalion Commander left Battalion CP for OP.

     1650 – Survey Control Overlay, XII Corps, received from S-2, 410th Field Artillery Group.
               Forwarded to Battalion S-2.

     1650 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion Cp.

     0001 – 2400 – One serenade (3 volleys) fired on hostile battery.  Two TOT missions with
                         Group fired on hostile batteries – 2 volleys on each.

Tuesday – 13th February 194558

          The Battalion fired a counter-battery preparation for XII Corps, lasting one hour and twenty minutes.

Tuesday – 13thFebruary 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report59

                              Ferme Folkendand Luxembourg vP8939
                    Winkworth, james R. (FA)             01 166 587    Capt.                  Code A-1
                              Asgd and jd from Btry C this Bn Princ Dy
                              G2 9501 par 1, SO #10, Hq, 244th FA Bn.
                    Lingley, Robert D.                       39 123 579    Tec. 5   MOS 613    Code A-N
                    Riley, Roy E.                              36 068 671    Tec. 5   MOS 615    Code A-N
                              Above two EM promoted to Tec. 4 par 3, SO
                              #10, Hq, 244th FA Bn. MOS changed to 645.
                    Carver, Robert H.                         34 421 760    Pvt.                     Code A-N
                              Promoted to Tec 4 par 3, SO #10, Hq, 244th
                              FA Bn.
                    Mathis, Jacob C. (FA)                    01 179 523    2nd Lt.  MOS 1195   Code A-3
                              Asgd and jd from atchd unasgd Det 48, GFRC
                              Par 12, SO #40, Hq, 38th Reinf Bn and fur-
                              ther atchd to Btry B this Bn par 4, SO #10
                              hq, 244th FA Bn. Princ dy unasgd. MCO
                              01.183, Date of Rank 25 Mar 43, Comp AUS
                              Race White.
                    Rosen, Herman (FA)                     01 182 446    2nd Lt.  MCO 1193    Code A-3
                              Asgd and jd from atchd unasgd Det 36, GFRC
                              Par 14, SO #44, Hq, 38th Reinf Bn and atchd
                              to Btry B this Bn par 5, SO #10, Hq, 244th FA
                              Bn, Princ dy unasgd, MCO 82.097. Date of
                              Rank 27 May 43, Comp AUS, Race White

Tuesday – 13thFebruary 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report60

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8938
                    Milis, Charles J.                         36 991 150    Pvt.     MOS 531      Code AA
                              Reasgd & rejd from atchd unasgd from Hq
                              38th Reinforcement Bn per par 7, SO #10,
                              Hq. this Bn. MCO 316 Race W

Tuesday – 13thFebruary 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report61

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP9038
                    Marriott, Thomas B. FA               01 162 356    1st Lt.
                              Reld from asgnt & trfd to Batry C
                              this Bn per par 1 SO #10 this Bn.
                              Departed.
                    Mathis, Jacob C. FA                    01 179 523    2nd Lt.
                              Atchd & jd from Hq. Hq Btry per par
                              4, SO #10 this Bn. Prin dy unasgd.
                    Rosen, Herman FA                     01 182 448    2nd Lt.
                              Atchd & jd from Hq. Hq Btry per par
                              5, SO #10 this Bn. Prin dy unasgnd.
                    Gustavson, Harry W.                   26 714 170    Pfc.
                              Reasgd & rejd from atchd unasgd 58th
                              Reinforcement Bn per par 14, SO #44.
                              MCO CIC Race W.

Tuesday – 13thFebruary 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report62

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8937
                    Winkworth, James R. FA                 01 168 527    Capt.                 Code J1
                              Reld of command & Trfd to Hq & Hq Btry
                              this Bn per par 1, SO #10 hq 244th FA Bn
                              dtd 13 Feb 45 Departed
                    Marriott, Thomas B. FA                  01 168 355    1st Lt.               Code A1
                              Trfd from B Btry this Bn asgd & jd per
                              par 1, SO #10 Hq 244th FA Bn dtd 13 Feb 45
                              Assums Command Princ Dy 1193
                    Meir, Joseph H.                              6 978 453    Pfc.                  Code 81
                              Dy to temp dy 17th Reinforcement Command
                              Depot for return for further temp dy to
                              Recsption Sta Ft Sam Houston Tex USA for
                              30 days rest & recuperation Departed
                    Watkind, Edward R.                       34 420 282    Tec. 5
                              Sk qrs LD to dy

Wednesday – 14th February 194563

          In the southern part of XIII Corps zone the 4th Armored Division (-) remained in reserve, while the 2nd and 42nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadrons patrolled.  The 417th Infantry (76th Infantry Division) expanded its bridgehead and reduced pillboxes in zone, while the remainder of the division patrolled aggressively.  The 5th Infantry Division continued its attack with its 10th and 11th Infantry Regiments advancing one-half miles along the entire front, while the 80th Infantry Division continued to reduce pillboxes in its bridgehead area with elements of its 317th Infantry keeping contact with the 5th Infantry Division.

Wednesday – 14th February 194564

     0900 – Battalion Executive left for XII Corps.

     1000 – Battalion Commander left Battalion CP for Battalion Air Strip.

     1145 – Battalion Executive returned from XII Corps.

     1205 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion CP.

     1350 – Battalion Commander and Battery Commanders left on reconnaissance for
               new positions.

     1600 – XII Corps Survey Control, Operation No. 86, dated 13 February 1945 received
               from 410th Field Artillery Group.  Scale:  Germany 1:25,000.

     1645 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion CP.

     0001 – 2400 – Nine TOT missions fired on enemy batteries – four of which followed
                         adjustments fired by this Battalion and observe by Battalion and Group.
                         Areas well covered by fire for effect an in one case Air OP thinks guns
                         destroyed.  Fired 8 missions starting at H-Hour, 2 volleys on each, from
                         1354 to 1514.  Rounds expended: 147.  H & I fires of three rounds per
                         hour started at 1940 on road (vP987540).

14th February 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report65

                              Ferme Folkendand Luxembourg vP8939
                    Aeppli, Edward A.                          34 420 846    Pvt.                  Code A-7
                              Promoted to Pfc. par 1, Btry Order #6, Hq
                              Btry, 244th FA Bn.

          Caption reads – February 1945, Diekirch Luxembourg, result of artillery shelling

Thursday – 15th February 194566

          In the southern part of XII Corps zone there was no change, with the 4th Armored Division (-) in reserve, the 2nd and 42nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadrons patrolling aggressively, and the 76th Infantry Division continuing to clear pillboxes in its bridgehead area.  Tank destroyers in support neutralized seven pillboxes.  In the 5th infantry Division zone 10th Infantry advanced one-half mile, reaching the outskirts of Schankweiler (L04), six miles northeast of Echternach (L03), and taking high ground overlooking the Enz and Prum Rivers.  The 318th Infantry (80th Infantry Division) advanced one-half mile to the northern edge of woods northeast of Biesdorf (P94) while elements of the 317th Infantry moved into the bridgehead between the 318th and 319th Infantry Regiments.

     The narrow gauge railroad from Luxembourg City (P81) to the east was placed in operation, hauling Classes I, III and V supplies for the 5th Infantry Division.  Loading was from Army supply points at Dommeldange  (P81), with unloading points at Junglister (P92) and Consdorf  (L03, with division engineers planning to extend the line to Echternach (L03).  A shipment of 25,850 gallons of 73-octane gasoline, for use in artillery liaison planes arrived at Bettembourg (P80).

Thursday – 15th February 194567

     0905 – Battalion Commander left for new position area in vicinity of Beforterhaide
               (Beforterstrooss, Eppeldorf, Luxembourg).               

     1150 – Battalion commander returned to Battalion CP.

     1330 – Battalion, less rear FDC and Battery “B” displace forward and closed in new
               position in vicinity of Beforterhaide at 1600.
               Coordinates of new installation:  Headquarters Battery (948395); Battery “A”
               (vP945392); Battery “C” (vP940389); Air Strip (vP886378); CP (vP948395);
               OP’s (vP951398), (vP896391) and (vP941398).

     1700 – XII Corps Survey Control dated 14 February 1945, Sheet No. 6103, received from
               410th F.A. Group.

     1700 – Field Message No. 136, Headquarters, 80th Division Artillery, date 151000A February                 1945 received.  Map Reference:  Luxembourg and Germany, 1:25,000, giving groups
               added to counter-preparation list.

     1700 – Wire communication with Headquarters Battery, Battery “A” and Battery “C” and
               with 410th Field Artillery Group established.

   0001 – 2400 – Twenty missions fired on hostile batteries, including four TOT’s and including
                       one which followed adjustment by No. 2 Baker.  Battery “B” fired eight
                       counter-battery missions; 1 volley on each from 0133 to 0157 76 rounds
                       expended.  At 1800 Battery “A” registered and attempted registration on
                       Battery “C” but visibility too poor to complete.  No mission fired by forward
                       batteries after displacement.  Battery “B” adjusted by Air OP on enemy
                       battery – visibility too poor to determine extent of damage.

            Note: On the 0905 & 1330 Battalion Journal entries above.
     “Beforterhaide” is not a town but a field name for the plateau between Beaufort (Befort) and Eppeldorf.  “Heide” is the German word for heathland. Beforterhaide can’t be found on Google maps.
     This section of the map below was taken from a U.S. Army map of the time.  The map also shows the 166th Engineer Battalions Bailey bridge over Sûre River from Dillingen, Beaufort, Luxembourg, into Germany.

Thursday – 15th February 194568

          The Battalion fired a 30-minute counter battery preparation for XII Corps.

Thursday – 15th February 194569

          The Battalion displaced two batteries to positions in vicinity of Beforterhaide (vP948395) together with a Forward CP and Fire Direction Center.  Battery “B” and Rear CP and Fire Direction Center functioned in old position, firing adjustment and H & I mission.  Forward Batteries were registered, and remainder of Battalion moved to new positions 16 February 1945.  From this position the Battalion fired an 81-minute preparation for attack of XII Corps on 18 February 1945 and supported the attack throughout the day, expending 1,022 rounds.

Thursday – 15th February 194570

          Battalion, less Battery “B” and Rear CP and Fire Direction Center, moved to new position vicinity of Beforterhaide, (vP848395)  (Beforterhaide, Reisdorf, Luxembourg).

Thursday – 15th February 194571

          The Battalion departed Ferme Folkendange.  (snow melting)

Thursday – 15th February 194572

          The Battalion arrived Berens

Thursday – 15thFebruary 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report73

                              Berens, Luxembourg vP9439
          Departed Ferme Folkendand, Luxembourg
          1410 via Motor Convoy. Arr present Sta1530.
          Distance marched approximately 6 miles.

Thursday – 15thFebruary 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report74

                              Berens, Luxembourg vP9439
                    Flick, Edward J.D.                           36 284 171    Cpl.
                              Sk in Crs LD to dy
          Departed Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP8938
          1400 via Motor Convoy arrived present Sta
          1600. Distance marched 4 miles

Thursday – 15thFebruary 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report75

                              Beforterhaide, Luxembourg vP8438
          Departed Ermsdorf Luxembourg via motor
          convoy 1700 hrs arr present Sta 1830
          distance marched approximately 6 miles

Friday – 16th February 194576

          In the southern part of XIII Corps zone, the 76th Infantry Division continued to reduce pillboxes in its bridgehead.  Making a one-half mile advance, elements of the division captured the high ground overlooking the Prum River.  Meanwhile, the 2nd Infantry (5th Infantry Division) continued its attack to the north, entering Shankweiler (L04), six miles northwest of Echternach (L30) while the remainder of the division consolidated positions.  Further north, elements of the 80th Infantry Division mopped up resistance in isolated pillboxes and improved positions while the 317th Infantry (80th Infantry Division) entered Rohrbach (L04).  The 4th Armored Division (-) remained in assembly.

Friday – 16th February 194577

          Battery “B” and remainder of CP and Fire Direction Center joined Battalion.

Friday – 16th February 194578

     1400 – Battery “B” and rear FDC displaced to new position.

     1615 – Battery “B” in communication with CP and FDC.

     1645 – Battery “B” in position and reported ready to fire; vicinity of Beforterhaie.

     0001 – 2400 – Fired six TOT missions, including one serenade on enemy battery.
                         Enemy dugout fired upon and several targets hits obtained.  Battalion
                         one volley fired into town of Hommeringer.

          Caption reads – “Germany near Luxembourg.”

Friday – 16thFebruary 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report79

                              Berens, Luxembourg vP9339
                                        CORRECTION (25 Dec 44)
                    Eads, Philip S. Jr.,                       33 542 961    Pvt.
                    Lowe, Clayton P.                          39 693 517    Pfc.
                              Above 2 EM dy to AWOL 1400 as of
                              20 Dec 44.
                                        SHOULD BE
                              Deleted
                    Lowe, Clayton P.                           39 695 517    Pfc.
                    Eads, Phillip S. Jr.                         33 542 961    Pvt.
                              Above 2 Em trfd to and departed for
                              26th Inf. Div. 13 Dec 44 (per VCCG
                              Third US Army) par 1, SO #11, Hq.
                              244th FA Bn.
          Departed Ermsdorf, Luxembourg 1300
          Via Motor Convoy. Arr present sta
          1352.  distance marched approximately
          5 miles.
                    No Limited Assignment Personnel

Friday – 16thFebruary 1945 Service Battery Morning Report80

                              Ermsdorf, Luxembourg vP9138
                    Shelton, Ruby 34 339 592    Tec. 4
                              Sk LD in 613th Clearing Co to dy
                    No limited assignment personnel

          Captains reads – “Leaving Ermsdor for Beforterhaide Luxembourg. Battery A with Long Tom in tow”.  December 11, 1944 Issue of Life Magazine and chow on top.

Dear Family,
     The one-armed paper hanger with the itches has nothing on me!! I’ve been so busy that I haven’t had much time even to sleep.  Was up till 0200 last night at the guns and up at 0730.  The Col. has been hot on my trail – every time I move I bump into him.  When things get straightened out I’ll have more time to write.  Everyone here is in the pink, the weather is like spring, the mud is drying up – and ok – everything is Jake.  I got a package from you a few days ago – nuts, candy, sox etc. Thanks loads.  Anytime you want to send a box – do it.  Use this.  Send some chocolate candy & caramels.  Love to all
                                                                   Tom.

Saturday – 17th February 194581

          Reducing pillboxes along the way, the 385th Infantry (76th Infantry Division) advanced one-half mile toward the junction of the Sauer and the Prum Rivers in XII corps zone.  The 2nd and 11th Infantry Regiments (5th Infantry Division) launched attacks which were proceeding well at the end of the period, with the former regiment clearing Shankweiler (L04), six miles northwest of Echternach (L03), after advancing one-half mile and taking the high ground overlooking the Prum River.  Farther north. The 80th Infantry Division made limited gains against heavy resistance, with its 318th infantry taking Cruchten (P94), eight miles northwest of Echternach (L03), and the 317th Infantry Regiment clearing woods near Nusbaum  (L04) while capturing Rohrbach (L04).  Enemy artillery activity in the corps area increased somewhat in reaction to the attack of 5th and 80th Infantry Division including strong interdiction fires on the main road leading into Echternach (L03).  The 80th Infantry Division’s attack was preceded by a 45-minute artillery preparation upon enemy artillery and troops installation fired by the organic division artillery and four batteries of XII Corps artillery.  Attacks of both division were strongly supported by close “on-call” artillery fires.  The 2nd Cavalry Group patrolled aggressively, while the 4th Armored Division (-) remainder in corps assembly area.

Saturday – 17th February 194582

     0855 – XII Corps Survey Control receive from 410th F.A. Group dated 15th February

     1945 – Transmitted to Assistant S-2.

     0930 – Battalion Commander left to inspect firing batteries.

     1130 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion CP.

     1635 – XII Corps Survey Control received from 410th F.A. Group.  Sheet No. 6103.
               Transmitted to Assistant S-2.

     0001 – 2400 – Fired two serenade missions; one on an enemy assault gun and on infantry
                         in the open.  Prowler fired upon by Battery “B” guard.  Prowler did not halt
                         when challenged and escaped into woods.

Saturday – 17thFebruary 194583

          Left Ermsdorf (Luxembourg) for Beaufort, support of 5th Division

Saturday – 17thFebruary 1945 Battery “C” Battery Morning Report84

                            Beforterhaide, Luxembourg vP8438
                    Holt, George T. 39 695 529    Pvt.
                              Dy to sk qrs LD
                    Hendry, Ernest FA                         01 176 997    2nd Lt.              Code 9-1183
                              From Princ Dy Mtr 0 to Princ Dy Rcn 0
                              1183
                    Shinaberry, Jaccob W. FA                01 172 654    2nd Lt.              Code 9-0600
                              From Princ Dy Rcn 0 to Princ Dy Mtr 0
                              0600

Sunday – 18th February 194585

          The 2nd Cavalry Group crossed the Moselle River on the south flank of XII corps, taking Wincheringen  (L01).  Although the 76th Infantry Division was relieving elements of the 5th Infantry Division, other elements of the division advanced toward the junction of the Sauer and Prum Rivers.  Advancing one-half mile, the 5th infantry Division’s 11th Infantry cleared the west bank of the Prum River in zone.  Farther north, the 80th infantry Division captured Hommerdingen (P94) after one mile advance.

Sunday – 18th February 194586

   1020 – Battalion commander, Battalion Executive and all Battery commanders left for
             reconnaissance of new position area in vicinity of Biesdorf Germany.

   1320 – Battery Commander and Battery Executive returned to Battalion CP form
             reconnaissance after visiting 410th F.A. Group Commander.

   1645 – XII Corps Survey Control received from 410th F.A. Group dated 17 February 1945.
             Transmitted to Assistant S-2.

   0001 – 2400 – Firing preparation started at 0515 to be completed at 0636.  This 81-minute
                       preparation consisted of 28 concentrations, which were reported later as
                       H & I missions.

Sunday – 18th February 194587

          Reconnaissance for new positions was made in vicinity of Biersdorf, Germany (vp970441) and two battery positions were selected tentatively.

Sunday – 18th February 194588

          Crane (Pfc. Leatus B. Crane) shot at a spy

Sunday – 18thFebruary 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report89

                              Berens, Luxembourg vP9439
                    Simpkins, Van H.                          37 623 741    Pvt.                  Code 11-7
                              Aptd Pfc fr Pvt per par 1, SO#7, this Btry.
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Dear Family,
     I’ve had loads of letters from you recently.  They are 83, 84, 85, 92 and one from Peg dated Jan 17.  As far as I know – the radio talk wasn’t given – that is no one has heard it.  I sure am glad the vase and inkwell get through in good shape.  The vase is quite unusual – I didn’t
know what you can do with it, your idea of the ivy in the inkwell sounds ok. It’s a funny color
isn’t it?
     In Peg’s letter she said that she hoped Don would be home for a few days leave.  Your letters said he was driving up, so he made it. It means a lot to him to see his boys for the last time for many months.  He’s lucky.  Now in regards to hot meals you know me.  I don’t miss a meal unless I want to.  We have been living in houses for months.  The last time I slept outside was around Frisnes which is near Verdun.  At Toul we lived in the Adolf Hitler Barracks.  In Conflaus and Jarnisy we lived in a nice office building (hot showers and steam heat).  At Metz we lived in the German Air Corps barracks.  Here in Luxembourg we are living in farm houses.  So you can see we haven’t suffered too darn much.  Of course, the longer we struggle over a village or town our chances of having a roof over our heads get kind of slim.  We went out scouting around and we went in some towns on the other side of the river – the houses there kind of reminded us of the beach villages in Normandy. They were all beat up – trash and
masonry scattered everywhere. “Puptents” here we come.
     Had seen some pill boxes – they are amazing – very hard to see from a distance and harder to take, the ground is very rough and hilly.  Each box is a problem and dozens are killed and dozens more wounded in taking each one.  These Jerrys are fighting us every inch of the way back.  It seems as if it will be quite a while till we’re all finished with them.
     The Battery is doing ok.  I have quite a hard job on my hands, but I have good men with me.  Perfetti, Shinaberry, and Hendry are the officers.  We have to work hard and long to make the Battery the best, but it will be the best, I want it no other way.  All of us seem to be feeling ok.  The weather had been ideal a few days ago – now it’s foggy and raining out.

     Haven’t seen Jim for a week – I wish he’d come around so we could inventory the property.  I’m going  to send about $150.00 extra home this month, it’s my flying pay for three months.  can expect
it.  Do anything you like with it.
     I’m afraid to mention anything about my birthday to Jane for fear of hurting her feelings.  You see,  I don’t think she know when it was.  It doesn’t matter though, does it?

     None of Dad’s letters have come since the last one I mentioned.  I’ll understand if he doesn’t write, I know he’s busy too.  It’s time I wrote to Jane – then I’ll go down to the guns to see how everyone making out.  So I’ll leave till next time.  Love to all, see you soon,
                                                        Tom.
                               We got our second Battle Star for our ETO Ribbon.

          No Caption – Battery A men

Monday – 19th February 194590

          XII Corps operated with the 4th Armored Division (-) on its south flank, then the 2nd Cavalry Group, the 76th, 5th and 80th Infantry Divisions in order reading from south to north.  The 2nd Cavalry Group, after crossing the Moselle River, secured positions east of Wincheringen (L01).  Completing relief of elements of the 76th infantry Division and the 2nd Infantry (5th Infantry Division) advanced one mile against heavy resistance, occupying Halsdorf (L03).  Farther north, the 80th Infantry Division advanced one and one-half miles, capturing Niedersgegen (P94), Freilingen (P94) and Nusbaum  (L04), with one crossing of the Enz River being made at Enzen (L04) by the 317th Infantry.

     Intelligence reports indicate that the residents or the occupied German towns Gisingen (Q28) and Niedaltdorf (Q18) were interested chiefly in a quick end to the war and a return to normal life.  Opportunism, evidenced by apparent willingness to cooperate with those forces likely to provide means or a better livelihood, rather than nationalistic tendencies seemed most pronounced in these villages.

Monday – 19th February 194591

          One gun from Battery “A” displaced to vicinity of Biesdorf, Germany (vP97424418).

Monday – 19th February 194592

          One gun from Battery “A” was moved to new position but could not be registered because of poor visibility.

Monday – 19th February 194593

     0930 – Battery Commander’s meeting held at Battalion CP.

     1300 – Overlay received from 80th Division Artillery giving known mine locations.
               Map Reference: Germany 1:25,000.

     1530 – Battery commander left for new position area in vicinity of Biesdorf.

     1540 – Battery commanders and their parties’ left for new position area in vicinity of
               Biesorf, Germany.

     1600 – Lone gun from Battery “A” displaced to forward position at Biesdorf, Germany for
               registration.

     1900 – Battery Commander returned to Battalion CP.

     2330 – Captain Lyons, 2nd Lieutenant Anderton, 1st Sargent Valley and Corporal
               Tedrick, Battery “B”, reported mission in action.

     0001 – 2400 – Six serenade missions and 18 TOT missions fired on enemy troops,
                         batteries, tanks and towns.

Monday – 19th February 194594

          Lyons (Capt. Joseph T. Lyons), Anderton (2nd Lt. John C. Anderton), Tedrick (Cpl. Leon A. Tedrick), Valley (1st Sgt. William J. Valley) killed by Mine

                              Wallendorf, Germany T2842
                                        No Change
                                        Record of Events
                    2 tanks of 1st Plt knocked out in attack.
                    3 other tanks put out of action by enemy
                    action by running over anti-tank mines.
                    Knocked out German assault gun. Killed­­­­
                    2 Germans and captured 4.
Monday – 19th February
          Excerpt from B Company, 305th Engineering  Battalion, 80th Infantry Division
Colonel Davis Paper95

          About the time I’m talking about – – when we linked up with the First Army – – the Third and Seventh Armies were coming up from the south, and had trapped the whole German Army, and German soldiers were walking down the streets, just as we talked about, being taken prisoner of war without any guards at all.  They had had the fight taken out of them; they wanted to become prisoners of war.  None of them that we knew tried to get away.  They just came back down the road.  Nobody guarded them at all.  We were then out of the prisoner of war enclosure business.  

     The Third Army put its 5th Infantry and 4th and 6th Armored Divisions across the Rhine at Oppenheim.  We had the 244th firing support for this crossing.  I can remember going across the bailey bridges, and being up in the little Piper Cub adjusting artillery fire when Messerschmidt’s came over.  I piloted my little Piper Cub, turned the plane nose down and went clear down to the river very fast!  The Messerschmitt’s wouldn’t come down low after you, but if they caught you up at any altitude, you were in real danger.

Monday – 19th February 1945 Battery ”B” Morning Report96

                              Berens, Luxembourg vP9339
                    Lyons Joseph T. (FA)                     01 172 972    Capt.                Code M1
                              Dy to killed in action, LD, Germany
                              Dy1195.
                    Brewer, Daniel E. (FA)                   01 168 186    1st Lt.               Code 9-1193
                              Temp dy, cite Universitaire, Paris
                              France to dy. Assumes command,
                              Principal dy.
                    Anderton, John C. (FA)                   01 178 400    2nd Lt.              Code M1
                              Aptd 1st Lt. 16 Feb 45 per 13, SO #46    Code 11-F
                              Hq 3rd U.S. Army. Dy to killed in Code 1193
                              action, LD, Germany. Dy 1193
                    Valley, William J. Jr.,                      31 012 889    1st Sgt.            Code M11
                              Dy to killed in action, LD. Gemany
                              Dy 586
                    Tedrick, Leon A.                             13 103 084    Cpl.                 Code M11
                              Dy to killed in action, LD, Germany
                              Dy 645

Monday – 19thFebruary 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report97

                              Beforterhaide, Luxembourg vP8438
                    Holt, George T.                               39 695 529    Pvt.
                              Sk qrs LD to dy
                    No Limited Assignment Personnel

Thursday – 20th February 194598

          Constructing two footbridges across the Moselle River in XII Corps zone, the 2nd Cavalry Group improved its position by limited objective attacks around Windheringen (L01).  The 76th Infantry Division consolidated its position on the high ground west of the Prum River, continuing to reduce pillboxes in zone.  Farther north, the 2nd Infantry (5th Infantry Division) advanced one-half mile, cleared Wettlingen (L04), seven miles south of Bitburg (L15) which was  the primary objective of the corps.  The 80th Infantry Division continued its attack, with the 317th Infantry entering Roth ((P94) and captured  Obersgegen (P94), Korperich (P94) and Seimerich (P94).  The 4th Armored Division (-) remained in corps assembly area.

Tuesday – 20th February 194599

     0700 – Received XII Corps Survey Control from 410th F.A. Group and forwarded to
               Assistant S-2.

     0800 – Battery Commander left for new position located in vicinity of Wallenorf and
               Biesdorf, Germany.

     0930 – Battery commander reported by radio that the bodies of Captain Lyons,
               2nd Lieutenant Anderton, 1st Sargent Valley and Corporal Tedrick had been
               found.  Cause of death:  mine explosion.  Time of Death fixed at approximately
               1600 and 1700 hours, 19 February 1945, on road near Crauchten

     1300 – Service Battery moved from Ermsdorf to new position in vicinity of Beforterhaide.             
     1330 – Battalion CP closed in new position at Wallenorf (vP961429-948388).

     1500 – Wire communications established between CP and Battery “A”, Battery “B”,
               and Battery “C”.

     1645 – Major Miller, 410th F.A. Group at Battalion CP.

     1715 – Major Miller, 410th F.A. Group left Battalion CP.

     0001 – 2400 – Battery “A” in new position at Biesdorf (97587-44468) ready to fire
                         at 1400;  Battery “B” in new position at Biesdorf (97261-44388) ready
                         to fire at 2000 hours; Battery “C” in new position ready to fire at
                         2000 hours (97 04444184).  Fired 6 TOT’s and one when ready mission
                         on enemy troops, vehicles and battery.

Tuesday – 20th February 1945100

           On the 20th of February, having lost reconnaissance personnel in our first venture into Germany and the Siegfried Line, the Battalion crossed into Germany and continued the assault from shattered Biesdorf and Crauchten.

Tuesday – 20th February 1945101

          During further reconnaissance for positions near Cruchten on 19th February 1945 “B” Battery Commander, Captain Joseph T. Lyons, “B” Battery Executive Officer, 1st Lt. John C. Anderton; 1st Sergeant William J. Valley and Instrument Corporal Leon A. Terick were killed when the ¼ ton jeep in which they were riding struck a mine and was demolished.     

     Investigation by the S-2 disclosed that a tank had previously struck a mine in the road as was blocking the road.  The Engineers cleared the road of mines to the tank and on into Cruchten, including a detour around the disable vehicle.  The tank was pulled out of the road shortly before Capt. Lyons’ jeep arrived but the area where it had been sitting had not been swept and the spot of road did not show “Not Cleared of Mines”.  After passing the tank, the jeep struck a mine in this unswept patch of road.

Tuesday – 20th February 1945102

          The Battalion departed Berens.  Captain Lyons, Lt. Anderton, Sgt. Valley, Cpl. Tedriek, all of B Battery, killed when Jeep hit mine.

Tuesday – 20th February 1945103

          The Battalion arrived Wallendorf Germany.

Tuesday – 20th February 1945104

          The gun batteries moved into position in vicinity of Biesdorf, Germany and CP and Fire Direction Center established in Wallendorf, Germany (vP961429).

Tuesday – 20th February 1945105

          The remainder of Battalion moved to new position and registration was obtained.  CP was established in Wallendorf, Germany but was moved to Cruchten (vP981455) on 24 February 1945.

Tuesday – 20th February 1945106

          Leave Beaufort arrived Biesdorf (Germany) across Our River

          Crossing the Sûre River at Dillingen Luxembourg on a survey mission to move the Battalion to Cruchten Germany area, Captain Lyons, 2nd. Lt. Anderton, 1st Sgt. Valley, and Cpl. Tedrick’s jeep struck a tellermine in Biesdorf, Germany.
     The truck at the bottom center of this photo documents the location on L2, Klosterstraße where the jeep struck the mine.  In the background is the destroyed St. Josef Gymnasiums, Missionare Von Der HL Familie, Klosterstraße 2 D, 54675 Biesdorf, Germany.
     This building where Lt. Marriott took this photo was torn down after the war.

          That curve in the road as it looks today on L2, Klosterstraße, the location of the event in the photo above.  This photo is attributed to Mr. Guy Eisen living in Ermsdorf Luxembourg.  Guy, a local WWII Luxembourg historian continues to be instrumental in helping to understand the roll the 244th contributed to the Battle of the Bulge.

           Tec/5 John W. Outlaw’s account of the B Battery men who were KIA
          Letter from 1st. Lt. Robert  L. Malm to Esther Lyons 22nd September 1947
     Lt. Malm’s account of the B Battery men who were KIA
Field Manual
           FM 5-31 – Engineers, Land Mines and Booby Traps
                                   Excerpt pages 81.01-a to 81.03-b, Tellermine
Tuesday – 20 February 1945
          Byron G. Rogers, A Battery107

          On February 20, 1945, we passed through several shattered towns, and continued the assault on other towns.  We crossed the Kyll River on March 6, 1945, and three days later we were attached as direct support to the “famous fighting” 4th Armored Division.  We crossed the Moselle River and joined the First Army near the Rhine River.  We reached the Rhine River at Dalheim, on March 22, (my 24th birthday).  By this time the Third Army and Seventh Army had trapped a whole German Army, and German soldiers walked down the streets begging to be taken prisoners of war.  Many of them were only 16 years old.

Tuesday – 20thFebruary 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report108

                              Wallendorf, Germany vP9644
          Departed Berens, Luxembourg 0800 via
          Motor Convoy. Arr present Sta 0830.
          Distance marched approximately 6 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Tuesday – 20thFebruary 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report109

                              Biesdorf, Germany vP9744
          Departed Berens, Luxembourg vP9439 at 0930
          via Motor Convoy arrived present Sta 1145
          Distance marched 6 miles
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Tuesday – 20thFebruary 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report110

                              Biesdorf, Germany vP9744
          Departed Berens, Luxembourg 1430. Via
          Motor convoy. Arr present sta 1615.
          Distance marched approximately 9 miles
                    No Limited Assignment Personnel

Tuesday – 20thFebruary 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report111

                              Biesdorf, Germany vP8744
                    Shinaberry, Jacob W. FA                01 172 654    2nd Lt.               Code 1-F
                              Pr to 1st Lt 18 Feb 45 Per Par 13, SO #46
                              Hq 3rd U.S. Army
                    Paige, John J. M.                          31 471 619    Pvt.
                              Dy to sk LD 305th Medical Bn “Non-battle”
                              (Disease) “Dy 531”
          Departed Beforterhaide Luxembourg via
          motor convoy 1330 arr present Sta 1500
          distance marched approximately 7 miles
                    No Limited Assignment Personnel.

Tuesday – 20thFebruary 1945 MD Detachment Morning Report112

                              Biesdorf, Germany vP9741
          Departed Burnes, Luxembourg via
          Motor Convoy 1030 arr present
          Sta 1506 distance marched
          Approximately 7 miles
                    No Limited Assignment Personnel

Interview with Robert Bishop113

          Well, February 20th in Biesdorf, Germany, a date I’ll never forget.  It was right near the Siegfried line and our commanding officer, Captain Lyons, Lieutenant Anderton, the young lieutenant who was in the foxhole with me in Avranches with the German soldier, and our First Sergeant Bill Valley, who was from Wolfeboro, New Hampshire, and Private Tedrick was the driver of the jeep attempted to back into a bar way to get away from some German artillery fire.  They hit multiple mines.  Of course, they were all killed.  It was a couple days later that the Captain Torres, who took over our battery, approached our gun section and called me aside and asked me if I would like to have Lieutenant Anderton’s bible.  These were — these were small pocket bibles and popular among the troops that were kept in our left pocket.  I said yes, sir, without even thinking.  And of course, this bible was stained with the lieutenant’s blood.  I imagine this is why the Captain hesitated to send it home with his personal items.  At that point, I thought, well, he must know that the Lieutenant Anderson and I were very close buddies, and this is why he gave the bible to me or offered it to me.  I kept this bible for over 50 years at home, at times wondering if I should send it to his wife or his family, and then I learned that his son John, whom Lieutenant Anderson had never seen, was going to attend our reunion in Florida.  I think this was the 50th reunion.  That was it, by gosh, I was going to present this bible to him then.  And of course, he was a pilot for U.S. Air, and at the last minute he was scheduled to fly somebody else’s duty and he did not make the reunion.  I was very disappointed, but I did send him the bible along with a picture of his father and also a Battle of the Bulge plaque with the lieutenant’s name on it and a history of our battalion.  He sent me a letter thanking me ever so much for sending the bible and the plaque and the information about our outfit, and he said this bible was given to Lieutenant Anderson by his mother before he went overseas and they wondered why it was not sent back with his personal items, and I’m sure, after he viewed the bible, that he understood.  But he also said that Lieutenant Anderson intended to become a minister when he came home, and I’m sure he would have made a wonderful pastor for someone.  And also at this same reunion, there was — well, there was a Corporal Mathis was in — I think it was the second gun crew, was killed during one of our black-out drives that we were moving pretty fast and he had a terrible accident, and his son who is a major in the army and lived in Washington D.C. was going to be at this same reunion.  So I presented him with a Battle of the Bulge plaque and a history of our outfit, and the plaque was contained with his dad’s name, and I gave this to him in private and it was a very emotional moment and I was glad I didn’t hand it to him while we were all together, and he said that he had been trying to locate information on the 244th for a long time and there was nothing to be had.

Wednesday – 21st February 1945114

          Moving from its assembly area in the southern part of XII Corps zone to positions behind the fornt, the 4th Armored Division (-) aided the attack of other major elements by furnishing fire power.  The 2nd Cavalry Group 76th Infantry Division maintained their positions and patrolled, while farther north the 5th Infantry Division cleared ground up to the Prum River.  Gaining two miles, the 80th Infantry Division advanced northward into the “Vianden (P85) Bulg”, with its 318th Infantry taking Huttingen (P94) and its 319th Infantry capturing Lahr (P95) and Geichlingen (P95), three miles northeast of Vianden (P85).  Bridgeheads of the 80th infantry Division and the 6th Cavalry Group (VIII Corps) across the Our River were joined at Roth P94).

Wednesday – 21st February 1945115

          Battalion was relieved of attachment to 410th Field Artillery Group an attached to 177th Field Artillery Group.

Wednesday – 21st February 1945116

     0855 – Battalion Commander left to inspect firing battery positions.

     1145 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1245 – Battalion relieved from attachment to 410th Field Artillery Group and attached
               to 177th Field Artillery Group.

     1305 – Battalion Commander left for Service Battery and Battalion Air Strip.

     1330 – Major Braley, XII Corps Artillery, at Battalion CP and FDC.

     1345 – Major Braley XII Corps Artillery, left Battalion CP.

     1400 – Battalion OP established.

     1600 – Battalion Personnel Section moved from Ermsdorf to Beforterhaide.

     0001 – 2400 – Fourteen TOT missions fired on enemy troops, activity and artillery.
                          Fired two adjustment missions on enemy batteries with night flyer.
                          Four H & I missions on bridges.

Wednesday – 21stFebruary 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report117

                                        Biesdorf, Germany vP9744
                    Simpkins, Van H.                        37 623 741    Pfc.                    Code 81
                              Dy to temp dy 17th Reinforcement Command
                              Depot for return for further temp dy to
                              Reception Sta No 9, Jefferson Barracks, Mo,
                              USA, for 30 days rest & recuperation.                                                                              Departed
                    Ferguson, Donald E.                   32 849 617    Pfc.     MOS 607     Code A3
                              MCO 480 Race W Limited Assgmt
                              Asgd & jd from atchd unasgd 48th Reinforce-
                              ment Bn., per par 14, SO #52, Hq., 48th Re-
                              enforcement Bn
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Wednesday – 21st February 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report118

                                        Biesdorf, Germany vP9744
                    Griepp, Ward D.                            36 842 715    Pvt.                  Code 605 A3
                              Asgd & jd from atchd unasgd 48th
                              Reinforcement Bn per par14, SO #52
                              Hq 48th Reinforcement Bn. MCO 499
                              Race W. Limited Assignment
                    Guba, Joseph                               42 017 921    Pvt.                  Code 641 A3
                              Reasgd & reld from atchd unasgd
                              48th Reinforcement Bn per par 14,
                              SO #52 Hq 48th Reinforcement Bn.
                              MCO 127 Race W.
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

          No caption – Battery A man

Thursday – 22nd February 1945119

          Relieving the 304th Infantry (76th Infantry Division (, the 2nd Cavalry Group patrolled along the southern part of XII Corps zone.  Preparing to join in the attack, the 76th Infantry Division maintained positions and patrolled, while the 5th Infantry Division likewise patrolled in zone.  Attacking into “The Viandel Bulg” from the south, the 80th Infantry Division with Combat Command “B” (4th Armored Division) captured Obergeckler (P95), gaining two miles along its front.  The 4th Armored Division (less Combat Command “B”) moved to a jump-off point, prepared to attack in conjunction with the 80th Infantry Division.

Thursday – 22nd February 1945120

     0920 – Battalion Commander left to inspect firing batteries and then to Forward C.P. of
               177th F.A. Group located at Hommerdingen.

     0945 – Battalion Executive left for Rear C.P. of 177th F.A. Group.

     1200 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1205 – Battalion Executive returned to Battalion C.P.

     1300 – Battalion Executive returned to Battalion C.P.

     1320 – Battalion Commander left for Rear Echelon at Beforterhaie.

     1540 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1545 – Major Burwell, 177th F.A. Group S-2, visited Battalion C.P. an F.D.D.

     1600 – Group S-2 left Battalion C.P.

     1705 – XII corps Survey Control received from 177th F.A. Group date 20 February

     1945 – Sheets 6003, 6103, 6104.  Transmitted to S-2.

     1705 – XII Corps Survey Control received from 177th FA Group, date 21 February 1945.
               Reference:  GSGS 4414, Sheet 6104.

     2000 – Overlay, Field Message N0. 1, received from 80th Infantry Division Artillery, dated
               22 February 1945, showing 80th Infantry Division Boundary Line.   Map Reference:
               Germany 1:50,000.  Transmitted to S-2.

     0001 – 2400 – Fired four TOT missions on enemy batteries.  Fired H & I missions on
                         four bridges at the rate of three rounds per hour each.  Received two on
                         call missions from 80th Division Artillery and 177th F.A. Group.

Thursday – 22ndFebruary 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report121

                              Wallendorf, Germany vP9642
                    Mathis, Jacob C. (FA)                     01 179 523    2nd Lt.               Code J1
                              Reld from atchd unasgd Batry B this Bn and
                              trfd to and departed for Btry C this Bn par
                              1, SO #13, Hq, 244th FA Bn.
                    Priewert, Fred A. (FA)                    01 183 195    2nd Lt.               Code J1
                              Trfd to and departed for Btry A this Bn
                              par 1, SO #13, hq. 244th FA Bn.
                    Rosen, Herman (FA)                      01 182 446    2nd Lt.               Code J1
                              Reld from atchd unasgd Btry B this Bn and
                              trfd to Btry B this Bn par 1, SO #13, Hq
                              244th FA Bn.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Thursday – 22ndFebruary 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report122

                              Biesdorf, Germany vP9744
                    McLaughlin, Thomas J. (FA            01 177 063    2nd Lt.                 Code J
                              Reld from asgmt & asgd Batry “B” this Bn de-
                              parted per par 1, SO #13, Hq, 244th FA Bn
                    Priewert, Fred A. (FA)                  01 185 195    2nd Lt.                 Code A
                              Asgd & jd from Hq Btry this Bn Princ dy MO
                              (0600) per par 1, SO #13, Hq. 244th FA Bn
                    Ferguson, Donald F.                     32 849 617    Pfc.     MOS 504     Code 9-504
                              MOS Changed from 607
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Thursday – 22ndFebruary 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report123

                              Biesdorf, Germany vP9744
                    Shinaberry Jacob W. (FA)                01 172 654    1st Lt.               Code A1
                              Asgd & jd from Btry C per par 1, SO
                              #13 this Bn. Prin dy 1183
                    Mathis, Jacob C. (FA)                     01 179 525    2nd Lt.               Code J1
                              Reld from atchd unasgd & trfd to
                              Btry C this Bn per par 1, SO #13 this
                              Bn. Departed.
                   McLaughlin Thomas J. (FA)               01 177 083    2nd Lt.               Code A1
                              Asgd & jd from Btry A per par 1, SO
                              #13 this Bn. prin dy 1195
                    Rosen, Herman (FA)                       10 182 448    2nd Lt.               Code A1
                              Reld from atchd unasgd this Btry &
                              Asgd 13 Feb 45 per par 1, SO #13 this
                              Bn. Prin dy 0600
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Thursday – 22ndFebruary 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report124

                              Biesdorf Germany vP8744
                    Shinaberry, Jacob W. FA                    01 172 645    1st Lt.               Code J1
                              Reld from asgnt and trfd to B Btry this
                              Bn per par 1, SO #13 Hq 244th FA Bn
                    Mathis, Jacob C. FA                          01 179 523    2nd Lt.
                              Asgd & jd from atchd unasgd B Btry this
                              Bn per par 1, SO 13 Hq 244th FA Bn Princ
                              dy 0600
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Dear Family,
     I have been terribly busy the last three days, so I haven’t been able to write to anyone.  We are here, we don’t like it.  This town we are near is almost leveled – there isn’t a civilian in sight – guess they all retreated into the Reich proper, it has been very tough going all the way.  I am sitting in the sun on my front steps.  I just came back from the guns.  The men have worked very hard and the whole setup  looks good.  We got worked over and took a loss a few days ago I may tell you about it in a few days.  Al Potter is missing in action on or about 24 January.  He may be a prisoner – sure hope so.  All of us are getting along swell.  Saw Wink and Torres this morning – they look good – as usual.  Will drop you a line probably tonight – may not if I happen to get busy.  Love to all.  Tom.

Friday – 23rd February 1945125

     The 2nd Cavalry Group, 5th and 76th Infantry Divisions maintained their positions in the southern part of XII Corps zone.  To the north, 80th Infantry Division (with attached Combat Command “B”, 4th Armored Division) received fire support form the 4th Armored Division (-).  Slight gains were made by its 319th Infantry while the attached Combat Command “B”, (4th Armored Division) cleared Sinspelt ((P95) and Niedergeckler (P95), capturing a bridge over the Enz River before it could be destroyed by the enemy.

Friday – 23rd February 1945126

     0730 – Battalion Commander left for London on 3 days leave per letter. XII corps,
               subject: “Letter order 2-19 (Travel orders) dated 22 February 1945.”

     0730 – Major Clark, Battalion Executive assumes temporary command of Battalion.

     1420 – Battalion Commander left to inspect firing battery position.

     1620 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1650 – XII corps Survey Control dated 22 February 1945 received.  Transmitted
               to Assistant S-2.

     0001 – 2400 – After registering Battery “A” by AOP, checked other two batteries on
                         same check point.  H & I fires commenced on two road junctions vicinity
                         of Neuerburg at 1200 hours at rate of 5 rounds per hour on each an
                         continued throughout period until 1750.  At 1900 resumed H & I firing
                         on bridges at (wL05795863); (wL05655893) (wL07395717) and (wL08025615)
                         at rate of 3 rounds per hour on each.  Fired 7 TOT’s on enemy batteries and
                         3 TOT’s on enemy troops and CP’s; repeating most of these missions with a
                         second TOT.

Friday – 23rdFebruary 1945127

          Colonel (Lt. Col. John J. Davis) goes to London

Friday – 23rdFebruary 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report128

                              Wallendorf, Germany vP9642
                    Davis, John J. (FA)                      018 530    Lt. Col.
                              Dy to temporary dy UK approximately 3
                              days Ltr order #2-19, Hq. XII Corps
                    Clark, Carey A. (FA)                      0 249 134    Major
                              Assumes command 1195 in addition to
                              other duties.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Friday – 23rd February 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report129

                              Biesdorf, Germany vP9744
                     Nagle, Walter E.                        39 125 505    Tec. 5   MOS 405      Code 9
                              MOS changed from 531
                    Barry, John                                36 829 011    Pvt.     MOS 060      Code 9
                              MOS changed from 531
                    Smith, William G.                        15 335 856     Pvt.    MOS 505       Code 9
                              MOS changed from 531
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Dear Folks,
     Another swell day has gone by and all of us just soaked up the old sunshine.  It’s swell to be out during nice weather.  The Air Corps was really plastering Jerry this last three days.  When we first put our guns in position, the infantry cannon company were all around us, we were in front of the light artillery and even had a couple of 81mm mortar platoons on our flanks.  We really razzed the doughs – we claimed to have made the bulge here and to have scared the Jerry’s beards off.  No foolin we are up front.  We all got a big kick out of the setup.  Several of us were down for a shower today – it sure was the berries.  This was the first one in over two weeks.  A month is my record.  I hope I never break it.  For a long time I have been waiting to tell you about the “jack of all trades” Battalion we can do anything in the world – we claim this because we have done everything.  When we first came over here we didn’t have any guns, so we ran a PW Cage for the Army.  We would go up to the Division Cage and hail them back to our cage.  Doing this we got to go everywhere and see a whole lot of France that
no one else did.  Sometimes we’d go off with six or eight trucks and bring in PW’s fresh from the lines.  Often we’d be there during the battle.  I was at Remmis when it fell as a Liaison officer with the – Division.  I followed a task force to Cape Frehal and on through Morlaix to Brest.  At Brest I was changed over to – XX Corps as Liaison officer.  I had less actual work than before.  We really had a time.  The Battery (B) was put off at Mur-de-Bretagne as a PW Army Cage.  While the rest of Battalion followed the Army there to Paris.  Our last cage was at Fresues then we went to Taul for a rest and then into the Battle for Metz.
     When it fell we moved into town and with some captured German, Russians and French guns pounded Ft. Driant (Fort Driant /Feste Kronprinz), Plapperville (Fort de Plappeville) (where I was on the radio) and Jearrne de Arc.  It was quite a show.  Then in the middle of that “B” Battery alone, moved out on a special deal.  One I can’t tell you about yet.  It was the toughest job anyone could ever think up.  Since we got our guns we’ve built up marvelous reputation in our Corp.  One division asked for the 244th to support their attack because the first time we did it, we did a real good job for them.  Then, the Group C.O., a few weeks later said we were the best darn Battalion he had ever had the chance to work with. The C.G. of the Army especially congratulated us on the work done during our P.W. days.  We are a little swell headed about all of it, but – we always were a good outfit – even back in the States.  Say, I’ve kind of hungry for some chocolates – any chance of you sending a box – mixed-up – just like the kind Dad always gets you.  My Battery (how do you like that!!) is coming along real good.  I sure hope I make the grade.  A lot of men in “B” have told me I would make it into a real good Battery, but that they would much rather have me as their BC than the one they have now (Brewer).  That made me feel real good because when the men you have “chewed out” still like you you’re doing ok.  Guess I’d better quit bragging!  But I am glad they like me – that means – maybe the men in “C” Battery will feel the same way, if they do – this Battery won’t stop working when the going gets the toughest.  Big headed aren’t I?
     Guess I’ll sign off for a while – someone mentioned a movie tonight – guess I’ll go – it’s been a long time since the last one.  My love to you all.  Your letter #93 just came a second ago. Sure are several spaces in between this one and the last one.

                                                           Love to all
                                                                     Tom.

          No caption – Battery A man

Saturday – 24th February 1945130

          Attacking across the Prum River in XII Corps zone, the 5th Infantry Division secured two small bridgeheads into which half of the fighting strength of he division quickly entered.  This advance carried one and one-half miles with Wettlingen (L04) and Peffingen (L04) being cleared.  The 304th Infantry (76th Infantry Division) attached through the 5th Infantry Division and captured Holstrum (L04).  Outscheid (L05), Brimingen (L05) and Niederraden (P95) were taken in a two mile advance of the 80th Infantry Division (plus Combat Command “B”, 4th Armored Division).  No artillery preparation was fired but time-on-target concentrations were placed in turn upon all towns and strong-points immediately prior to the assault.  Twenty such concentrations were fired during the period, with the divisional artillery and four supporting corps battalions joining in.

Saturday – 24th February 1945131

     0830 – Headquarter Battery, Forward Fire Direction Center and Forward CP displaced to
               new position at Cruchten.

     0945 – Headquarter Battery Forward FDC and FWD CP closed in new position.

     0955 – Communications established with rear CP.

     1205 – Rear CP and FDC displaced to new to new position at Cruchten.

     1330 – Rear CP and FDC closed in new position.

     1830 – Battalion relieved of attachment to 177th F.A. Group and attached to 410th FA Group.

     1900 – Traffic Order No. 13, Traffic Circulation Plan for Wormeldange Bridge
               received from XII Corps dated 24 February 1945.

     1908 – Preparation for XII Corps attack received from 177th FA Group, dated 24 February

     1945 – Forwarded to S-3.

     1908 – XII Corps Survey Control received from 177th FA Group, Sheet No. 6104 as of
               23 February 1945.

     0001 – 2400 – Fired only one registration with Charge Normal; checking one other battery.
                         Fire accurate only 8 rounds total required for both.  21 TOT missions fired,
                         mostly on enemy batteries; of these 2 were refired once as TOT’s and two
                         were refired once as TOT’s.  Fired 2 When Ready concentrations on enemy
                         batteries.  93 minute preparation for XII Corps Attack starting at 2300
                         hours.  From 0600 to 1415 fired H & I missions on four bridges at rate of
                         3 rounds per hour on each.

Saturday – 24th February 1945132

          CP and Fire Direction Center moved to Cruchten, (vP981455), relieved of attachment to 177th field Artillery Group and attached to 410 Field Artillery Group which was acting as XII Corps Artillery Fire Direction Center “B” with no change in mission.

Saturday – 24th February 1945133

          The night of the 24th the Battalion fired a 93-minute preparation for XII Corps attack; then supported the attack through the 25th.

Saturday – 24th February 1945134

          The Battalion departed Wallendorf and arrived Cruchten.

          Crossing the Siegfried Line

Saturday – 24thFebruary 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report135

                              Cruchten, Germany vP9845
                    Durrell, Lynnwood A.                   20 140 138    T/Sgt.   MOS 542      Code A3
                              Asgd and jd from atchd unasgd GR=FRC Det 53
                              par 39, SO #48, Hq. 53rd Reinf Bn. MCO   06
                              Race White.
          Departed Wallendorf, Germany 0930 via
          Motor Convoy. Arrived present sta 1200.
          Distance marched approximately 6 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel.

Saturday – 24thFebruary 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report136

                              Biesdorf, Germany vP9744
                     Ammons, Frank M. Sr.                  34 644 922    Pfc.     MOS 244      Code 9
                              MOS changed from 531
                    Barton, Harlan W.                        39 693 541    Pvt.     MOS 641      Code 9
                              MOS changed from 521
                              Boyd, Bartow A.                39 359 961    Tec. 4   MOS 660      Code 9
                              MOS changed from 014
                    Chester, Stanley J.                        6 131 754    Cpl.      MOS 505      Code 9
                              MOS changed from 531
                    Connelly, Alfred E.                       33 658 529    Cpl.      MOS 603      Code 9
                             MOS changed form 531
                    Flick, Edward J.D.                        36 284 171    Cpl.      MOS 603      Code 9
                              MOS changed from 531

Interview with Robert Bishop137

          And one more — I would like to say something about Sergeant Valley because he was from my hometown — from my home state.  And Sergeant Valley was from Wolfeboro, New Hampshire, and Sergeant Arthur Pelchat from the first gun crew, was from Berlin, New Hampshire, and of course I was on the fourth gun crew from Manchester, New Hampshire.  We were very close buddies all through the training and combat, also.  And actually, they called us the Three Musketeers.  More appropriate, I guess, the Canteen Commandos.  After chow at night, we would go up to the PX and have a few 3.2 beers and shoot the breeze.  We went out to town together a lot.  Well, Sergeant Valley gave me — it was a nine-by-twelve picture of himself in uniform, and I was very happy to get this, and when we went to combat, of course, these personal items were kept for us, and after we returned home, I tried to locate his relatives up in Wolfeboro, and I went to the town office, and the only one I could get in touch with was his cousin Joe Valley and who had been in the service, also.  And I met him in Wolfeboro and we talked for quite a while, and I showed him the picture of Bill, and this was a bit of an emotional moment, too, because him and Bill had been very close and they grew up together and he knew Bill had been killed in Germany.  He said that I guess the whole town was — knew Bill and had been very upset about his death.  Well, I told him about Sergeant Valley one time in particular during the Battle of the Bulge.  Our crews had been doing an awful lot of firing and the night missions and the crews were getting pretty well spent. There was also a lot of incoming fire, and then we — we noticed that Sergeant Valley coming running into our gun position.  He was all out of breath and he had a container of hot chocolate, and of course, some of it had spilled when he ducked for incoming round, but there was enough left for our crew to have a canteen full at least, and then we found out that he also had delivered this hot chocolate to the other three gun crews, and I thought that was something very special for a first sergeant to do, especially around 2:00 in the morning.  Well, this gave us added strength and to continue our mission.  And well, Joe and Bill had been — like I say, had been very close when they — when they were children, and Bill had also told me that he was commander of the American Legion there in Wolfeboro.  And so you can bet that this picture is going to be displayed there from now on, and we talked for quite a while and I left, and I thought to myself several times after — after this that, gee, I would like to go back to that American Legion hall and just to look at Bill’s picture there.