Thursday – 1st March 19451

          XII Corps, consisting of the 2nd Cavalry Group, 76th Infantry Division (with attached )18th Infantry of the 80th Infantry Division), 5th Infantry Division, 4th Armored Division and 80th Infantry Division (-), held the line, in that order, reading from south to north. In the southern part of corps zone, the 76th Infantry Division (with 318th Infantry and 2nd Cavalry Group attached) advanced toward Trier (L22) with its 385th Infantry clearing the pocket in the Sauer River bend east of Echternach  (L03) capturing Edingen (L13) and advancing two miles, while the 4l7th Infantry advanced two miles south through Butzweiler (L13) to a vicinity three and one-half miles north of Trier (L22).  While the 304th Infantry was pinched out by converging elements of the 385th and 4l7th Infantry Regiments, the attached 2nd Cavalry Group cleared Rosport (L13) and Steinheim (L03).  The attached 318th infantry (80th Infantry Division) cleared Newel (L13) and advanced to high ground northeast of Aach (L13).  Farther north, the 5th Infantry Division maintained positions along the west bank of the Kyll River, mopping up west of the river.  Advancing north about one mile between the Nims and Kyll Rivers, the 4th Armored Division cleared Malbergweich (L16) and Sefferweich (L16) in an area five miles north of Bitburg (L15) and secured high ground near Seffern (L16).  Ten battalions of artillery fired a ten-minute preparation for the attack on Sefferweich (L16).  On the corps north flank, the 317th Infantry (80th Infantry Division) advanced north one and one-half miles between the Nims and Purn Rivers, clearing Schlied (L16), Heilenbach (L06) and Oberweiler (L16).

Thursday – 1st March 19452

          The Battalion was in position in the vicinity of Baustert, Germany (vP038539) attaché to 410th Field artillery Group with the mission of general support of the XII Corps.

Thursday – 1st March 19453

          At the beginning of the period the battalion was attached to the 410th Field Artillery Group, which was acting as XII Corps Artillery Fire Direction Center “B”, in general support of the XII Corps front.  It was in position in the vicinity of Baustert, (wL0353), having crossed the Our and Saur Rivers on the 19-20 February, and the river Prum and Kyll somewhat later.

Thursday – 1st March 19454

     0500 – Batteries “A” and “C” march ordered preparatory to moving forward to new positions.

     0800 – Batteries “A” and “C” displaced to new positions at – Battery “A” (wL09185708);
               Battery “C” (wL08385690)

     0900 – Forward Air Strip opened at (wL078557).

     1000 – Temporary CP and FDC opened at Rittersdorf and Batteries “A” and “C” registered
               by Air OP.

     1300 – Forward CP and FDC close in new position at (wL10085585).  Visibility too poor
               to register.

     1600 – Rear FDC joined Forward FDC at Hermensdorf.

     1700 – Rear Echelon (Service Battery and Personnel Section) closed in new position
               at Oberweis.

     0001 – 2400 – Three TOT missions fired:  one on an enemy counter-attack; the other
               two on enemy troops in town.

         Tec 5 Charles C. Collinsworth

Thursday – 1st March 19455

          The Battalion departed Baustert Germany.

Thursday – 1st March 19456

          The Battalion arrived Hermesdorf Germany.

Thursday – 1st March 19457

          Rittersdorf (Germany) 4th Armored all around us

Thursday – 1st March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report8

                              Hermesdorf, Germany wL0756
                    Boylan, Edward T.                          32 874 703    Pfc.
                              Dy to temporary dy 17th Reinforcement
                              Command Depot for return for further temp-
                              orary dy Reception Station #2, Fort Dix, N.
                              J., USA, for 30 days rest and recuperation,
                              Par 1, SO #32, Hq. XII Corps. Departed.
          Departed Baustert, Germany wL0353 1430
          Via Motor Convoy. Arrived present Sta
          1530.  Distance marched approximately 6
          Miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel.

Thursday – 1st March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report9

                              Wiersdorf, Germany wL0957
          Departed Feilsdorf, Germany wL0554 at 0800
          Via Motor Convoy arrived present Sta 1030
          Distance marched 7 miles
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Thursday – 1st March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report10

                              Rittersdorf, Germany wL1156
                    Carlson, Lloyd O.                        39 039 255    Pvt.                  Code 11-7
                    Grant, Robert N.                         33 542 975    Pvt.                  Code 11-7
                    Guba, Joseph                             42 017 921    Pvt.                  Code 11-7
                    Smith, Randolph W.                     37 547 313    Pvt.                  Code 11-7
                    Zook, Delbert E.                          35 350 620    Pvt.                   Code 11-7
                              Above 5 EM promoted to Pfc per par
                              1, SO #8 this Btry.
          Departed Baustert, Germany 1315, Via
          Motor Convoy. Arr present sta 1415
          Distance marched approximately 7 miles.
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Thursday – 1st March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report11

                              Hermesdorf Germany wL0756
          Departed Baustert Germany via motor convoy
          0800 hr arr present Sta 1030 distance
          marched approximately 8 mi.
                    One EM Limited Assignment personnel

Thursday – 1st March 1945 Service Battery Morning Report12

                              Oberweis, Germany wL0552
          Departed Curchten, Germany via Motor
          Convoy 0900. Arr present Sta 1105.
          Distance marched approximately 13 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Thursday – 1st March 1945 MD Detachment Morning Report13

                              Hermesdorf, Germany wL0756
          Departed Baustert, Germany wL0353 0930
          via Motor Convoy. Arrived present Sta
          1030 Distance marched approximately 6
          miles.

Interview with Robert Bishop14

          During our months of combat, there were many instances of disregard for personal safety and self-sacrifice, and after I got home and got a copy of Tom Brokaw’s Greatest Generation and started reading some of the stories from the other veterans, I realized that the action of Corporal Dormo (Cpl. Dormo Cosmo, Battery B) running from his foxhole when our gun was being fired upon and taking the panoramic sight from the gun and run back into the hole, and for Private Edwards’ disregard for his own life picked up this 95-pound shell with a damaged fuse which could have gone off at any time, as far as we were concerned, and to dispose of it in a gully or in a hole down over the hill, should have been recognized.  I did compose letters of their actions and I took them to Senator Bob Smith in Manchester, and it was turned over to the Veterans Department and our son Art tried to locate Corporal Dormo and Edwards, and he did get a hold of Dormo and he was in Pennsylvania, and I called him and I made mention of the fact that what I was doing and asked him if he remembered jumping from the foxhole to get the panoramic sight, and he said, yeah, he said, but I would never do it again.  And we talked for quite a while and it was nice to hear his voice.  And later, I sent him a copy of the letter that I had sent to Senator Smith, and his wife called back and informed me that Cosmo had passed away.  I was pretty upset.  And we could not locate Private Edwards, and I deeply regret not having — that not been sooner of these two heroes.  They were heroes as far as I’m concerned.

Friday – 2nd March 194515

          In the southern part of XII Corps zone the 2nd Cavalry Croup (attached to the 76th Infantry Division) crossed the Sauer River, gaining four miles in a zone north of the Moselle River and capturing Grewenich (L12) and Herresthalerhof (L12).  In the 76th Infantry Division the 385th Infantry advanced south four miles to an area one mile north of the Moselle River, clearing Trierweiler (L12), Sirzenich (L13), Neuhas (L13), Niederweiler (L12) and Fusenich (L12).  The attached 318th Infantry (80th Infantry Division) and the 417th Infantry each advanced one and one-half miles to a line two miles north of Trier (L22) making contact with the 10th Armored Division (XX Corps), while Besslich (L13) was cleared by the 318th Infantry.  Attacking under cover of darkness against scattered small arms and mortar fire, the 5th Infantry Division crossed the Ayll River with two companies of its 11th Infantry and one battalion of the 10th Infantry.  Huttingen (L15) was taken by the 10th Infantry while the 11th Infantry cleared Metterich (L15).  Farther north, the 4th Armored Division captured Seffern (L16) in a one and one-half mile advance to the north.  Making local advances, the 80th Infantry Division captured Heilenbach (L06) and made contact with the 6th Cavalry Group (VIII Corps)

Friday – 2nd March 194516

          The Battalion displaced by echelon to positions in vicinity of Hermesdorf, Germany (wL079560) with no chance in assignment or mission.

Friday – 2nd March 194517

     0700 – XII Corps Survey Control received from 410th Field Artillery Group.

     0930 – Lt. Col. Davis returned to Battalion CP form London and resumed command of
               Battalion.

     1300 – Ground OP established at (wL13955664).

     1400 – Battalion Commander and Battalion Executive returned to Battalion CP.

     1645 – XII Corps Survey Control received from 410th Field Artillery Group dated 1 March

     1945 – Transmitted to Assistant S-2.

     0001 – 2400 – “A” and “B” Batteries registered, and “C” Battery checked on same point – all
                         by AOP.  15-minute preparation for attack of XII Corps fired – total of
                         72 rounds ammunition expended on six targets.  Two TOT’s fired on enemy
                         batteries – 2 Battalion Volleys on each.

Friday – 2nd March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report18

                              Hermesdorf, Germany wL0756
                    Davis, John J. (FA)                     018 530    Lt. Col.
                              Temporary dy Uk approximately 3 days to dy
                    No limited assignment personnel

Friday – 2nd March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report19

                              Wiersdorf Germany wL0857
          Btry Hq departed Hermesdorf Germany via
          Motor convoy 1530 hrs arr present Sta 1600
          Hrs distance marched approximately 2 mi.
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

          Caption reads – Here are some good Germans.  Good Krauts are always 6 feet underground.  They have black and gray crosses for their dead. We have white

Saturday – 3rd March 194520

          In XII Corps zone the 2nd Cavalry Group captured Mesenich (L12), Langsur (L12), Igel (12) and Zewen – Oberkirch (L12).  It was released from operational control of the 76th Infantry Division by the end of the period.  Crossing the Kyll River, the 304th Infantry (76th Infantry Division) secured a bridgehead ten miles north of Trier (L22), clearing Hosten (L14) and Orenhoffen (L24).  Euren (L12) was captured by the 358th Infantry, which cleared the remainder of zone to the Moselle River while the 417th Infantry closed up to the Kyll and Moselle Rivers in zone.  Farther north, the 10th Infantry (5th Infantry Division) cleared Gondorf (L15) and repulsed an enemy counterattack in its bridgehead, while the 11th Infantry cleared Metterich (L15) and the woods northeast of the town.  The joint bridgehead of these two regiments was expanded during the period to a depth of two miles and a width of three miles.  The 2nd Infantry (5th Infantry Division) maintained its position on the west bank of the Kyll River.  Preparing to attack, the 4th Armored Division assembled in the vicinity of Bitburg (L15).  In the northern part of zone the 80th Infantry Division expanded its front by taking over the zone held by the 4th Armored Division, and making a one-half mile advance east of Seffern (L16).

Saturday – 3rd March 194521

     0930 – Battalion Commander left for 410th F.A. Group.

     1030 – Battalion Exec an S-3 left to inspect firing batteries.

     1120 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1130 – Battalion Exec an S-3 returned to Battalion C.P.

     1400 – Battalion Commander left for Battalion Air Strip.

     1445 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1450 – Battalion Commander and Battalion S-2 left for reconnaissance 1645, XII Corps
               Survey control received from 410th F.A. Group.

     1700 – Battalion Commander an S-2 returned to Battalion C.P.

     0001 – 2400 – Registered Batteries “A” and “B” with Charge Normal by Air OP – visibility
                         too poor to permit registration with super.  Seven TOT’s fired and two
                         “When Ready” missions – three on enemy troops in town – the remainder
                         on hostile batteries.

          No caption – 

Saturday – 3rd March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report22

                              Hermesdorf, Germany wL0756
                    Derych, William J.                    32 160 249    Tec. 4
                              Reduced to gr of Pvt par 2, SO #15, Bn
                              244th FA Bn.
                    Phillips, Cscar E.                      34 339 433    Tec. 5
                              Promoted to Tec 4 par 3, S #15, Hq. 244th
                              FA Bn
                    No limited assignment personnel

Saturday – 3rd March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report23

                              Wiersdorf, Germany wL0957
                    Miller, Alvin L.                         33 292 677    Pfc.                       Code 11-6
                    Staggs, Joe L.                          39 693 499    Pfc.     MOS 606      Code 11-6
                              Above 2 Em aptd Cpl fr Pfc per par 3, SO
                              #15, Hq this Bn
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Saturday – 3rd March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report24

                                        Rittersdorf, Germany wL1156
                    Bingley, Edward H.                      33 224 009    Pfc.                     Code 11-6
                    Chandler, Dudley J.                      34 359 951    Pfc.                    Code 11-6
                    Grantham, William L.                    34 249 063    Pfc.                    Code 11-6
                              Above 3 EM promoted to Cpl fro
                              Pfc per par 3, SO #15 Hq. 244th FA Bn.
                    Wojtowicz, Chester F. 37 324 577          Pfc.     Code 11-0
                              Promoted to Tec 5 from PFC per par
                              3, SO #15 Hq. 244th FA Bn.
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Saturday – 3rd March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report25

                                        Wiersdorf Germany wL0857
                    Perkins, Merlvin D.                          36 410 775    Pvt.                 Code J4A
                              Sk LD 305th Med Bn to Lost to Evac Hosp
                              (Unknown) “Non-battle Loss” (Disease)
                              Dy 345 as of 1 Mar 45
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Saturday – 3rd March 1945 Service Battery Morning Report26

                                        Oberweis, Germany wL0552
                    Humphries, Ellis R.                   34 358 747    Cpl.                      Code 11-N
                              Aptd Tec. 4 per par 3, SO #15, Hq.,
                              244th FA Bn
                    No limited assignment personnel

Saturday – 3rd March 1945

Dear Folks,
     Had a real nice letter from Jimmy McClevey tonight.  His mail goes to “SHEAF G-4” APO 757 c/o PM NY, NY.  Perhaps you could drop him a line.  He’s in Germany somewhere – I’ve asked him to give me a hint as to his location.  We may be able to get together, who know.
     I received a letter both from you and Peg.  Sure nice to hear again.  I was in Lux. on the 3rd of Jan! not France.  I sure am glad you like the vase and inkwell.  I wasn’t sure you would – it’s an awful color isn’t it.  I’ve sent Jan two water colors and she hasn’t gotten either of them. I sure wish I knew what the trouble was.
     This is the funniest weather. One minute its bright and sunny the next – snowing like the devil – one minute later the sun is out.  Gosh – you never know what to wear.  I am feeling really fine – no cold and no complaints.  Not like me – is it.  Very little bus goes on around here.  We are just sitting around waiting for the word “go”.
     The 3rd Army is going to town again – as usual.  It’s the best one here. we are all quite proud to be in it.   We got our second Battle Star for our ETO ribbon.  It’s one the invasion troops got – we for some reason fall into that class.  We are due one more – the one for Northern France.  Then we will have 3 – as many as anyone can get.  I ought to have an oak Leaf Cluster for my Air Medal.  It hasn’t come in yet, but maybe sometime soon. that isn’t the surprise either.  Wait!!  You’ll see!!  I’m kind of running out of dope – so I’ll close.
                                                Love to you all,
                                                   Your Son,
                                                  Tom

Sunday – 4th March 194527

          In XII Corps the 2nd Cavalry Group assembled in reserve in the south of the corps zone.  Gaining three miles from its Kyll River bridgehead, the 304th Infantry (76th Infantry Division) captured Speicher (L24), Preist (L24) and Orenhoffen (L24), while the 395th Infantry patrolled aggressively.  Just to the north, the 10th and 11th Infantry Regiments (5th Infantry Division) expanded their Kyll River bridgehead, capturing Philippsheim (L25), Badem (L15) , Erdorf (L15), Dudeldorf (L25), Erdorf (L25) and Pickliessem (L25), while the 2nd Infantry patrolled west of the Kyll River.  Under cover of darkness, the 4th Armored Division attacked through the bridgehead positions of the 5th Infantry Division, rapidly passed through Gindorf (L25) and Steinborn (L26), and continued to the northeast in a drive that was destined to carry to the banks of the Rhine River within three days.  After a one and one-half mile advance to the north, the 318th Infantry (80th Infantry Division) made contact with the 6th Cavalry Group (VIII Corps) near Balesfeld (L16) and assumed positions on the high ground west of the Kyll River.  The 317th Infantry patrolled in zone, the 319th Infantry being in reserve.

Sunday – 4th March 194528

          XII Corps. 76th Division. Advanced south to the Moselle River vicinity L1523 and eliminated all remaining organized resistance in the pocket southwest of Trier L2129.  Other units advanced against light and disorganized resistance and swept the division zone to the junction of the Moselle and Kyll River L2534.  Then attacked and established a bridgehead across the Kyll River.  Units advanced two miles east on a three-mile front against scattered resistance.  The 2nd Cavalry Group was relieved from attachment to the 76th Division.  Front line change:  Kyle River L2534 north to L2043L2245L2045.  5th Division.  Expanded the bridgehead over the Kyll River against small Arms and sporadic mortar fire.  Captured Gondorf L1952 and repulsed a counterattack supported by tanks against that town.  The 10th Infantry commenced crossing into the bridgehead area.  A bailey bridge was completed over the Kyll River in the vicinity of L1653.  Front line change:  L1952L2055L1855L1856.  4th Armored Division.  Closed in an assembly area in the vicinity of L1354.  80th Division.  Relieved the 4th Armored Division and assumed responsibility for the division sector.  Front line Change: L1563L1364.

          No caption – This truck load of 155mm propellent is being improperly stored

Sunday – 4th March 194529

     0945 – Battalion Commander presented Purple Heart to TEC/5 Leslie Dean, PFC Edward A.
               Aeppli, PFC E. Dockery.

     1050 – Battalion Commander left for OP and 410th F.A. Group. Headquarters.

     1305 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     0001 – 2400 – High-Burst Registration completed – visibility too poor to complete attempted
                         CI at same point immediately after.  Fire six TOT’s – five on hostile batteries
                         an one on enemy troops in town.  Fired H & I mission’s four rounds per hour
                         on Oberkail beginning at 2100.

Sunday – 4th March 194530

          Anderson (Pvt. Ernst R. Anderson) shot by Heath (Pvt. Charles L. Heath) German pistol had to be put away

Sunday – 4th March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report31

                              Rittersdorf, Germany wL1156
                    Grantham, William L.                  34 249 063    Cpl.                 Code 11-6
                              MOS changed to 645
                    Graff, William S.                        33 707 438    Pfc.
                              Dy to sk in 305th Clearing Co LS
                    Sobisek, Arthur E.                     32 828 600     Pfc.
                              Dy to sk in qrs LD
                    Anderson, Ernest R.                   36 990 851     Pvt.
                              Dy to sk in 46th Clearing Co LD
                              undetermined.
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Sunday – 4th March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report32

                              Wieresdorf Germany wL0857
                                        CORRECTION (2 -3 Mar 45 incl)
                              Station or Location Wiersdorf Germany
                              wL0857
                                        SHOULD BE
                              Station or Location Wiersdorf Germany
                              wL0857
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Sunday – 4th March 1945 Service Battery Morning Report33

                              Oberweis, Germany wL0552
                    Middleton, Edward H.                                  S/Sgt.  MOS 505       Code 9
                              MOS changed to 824
                    No limited assignment personnel

Monday – 5th March 194534

          Attacking to enlarge its Kyll River bridgehead, the 76th Infantry Division (with 2nd Cavalry Group attached) gained one-half mile both to the west and north.  Motorized to follow the 4th Armored Division through the Kyll River bridgehead previously secured by the 10th and 11th Infantry regiments (5th Infantry Division), the 2nd Infantry (5th Infantry Division) gained two miles before the end of the period.  The 10th and 11th Infantry Regiments protected the bridgehead on the north and south, with Orsefeld (L25) being captured.  The attack of the 4th Armored Division continued toward the Rhine River, with Combat Command “B” disrupting the enemy before it and gaining 15 miles.  Combat Command “A” started on another route to the south, but bad roads and demolished bridges forced it to move north to follow Combat Command “B”.  No organized enemy resistance was met by the 4th Armored Division after the breakthrough.  During this rapid advance, Combat Command “B” captured Seinsfeld (L26), Steinborn (L26), Meisburg (L26), Kyllburgweiler (L26), Oberstadtfeld (L27), Salm (L27) and Wallenborn (L27).

Monday – 5th March 194535

     0730 – XII corps Survey Control received from 410th Field Artillery Group.

     8050 – Battalion Commander left for Battalion Air Strip.

     0905 – Battalion Exec left to inspect firing battery positions.

     1145 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1145 – Battalion Exec returned to Battalion C.P.

     1310 – Battalion Commander left for Battalion Air Strip to make flight to check on traffic
               conditions on roads leading to front.

     1500 – XII Corps Survey control received from 410th Field Artillery Group.

     1600 – Battalion commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     0001 – 2400 – Fired H & I missions of four rounds per hour on Oberkail from 2400 to 0500.
                         Seven TIOT’s fired on enemy troops and activity in support of 4th Armor
                         Division.  Fire three other concentrations – two on nebelwerfors and one on
                         enemy activity in woods.  Air OP adjusted two.

Monday 5th March 194536

          Rankin (Tec/4 Link C. Rankin) back

Monday – 5th March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report37

                              Wiersdorf, Germany wL0957
                    Decapite, Benjamin D.                 33 292 512    Sgt.     MOS 539       Code A3
                              MCO 125 Race W
                    McPherson, James D.                   33 301 171    Tec. 4   MOS 174      Code A3
                              590 Race W
                    Dixon, Claude                             42 029 260    Pvt.     MOS 531       Code A3
                              MCO 010 Race W
                              Above 3 EM reasgd & rejd from atchd unasgd
                              from Hq 48th Reinforcement Bn per par 2,
                              SO #16, Hq this Bn
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Monday – 5th March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report38

                              Rittersdorf, Germany wL1156
                    Pugh, Robert F.                       35 462 291    Tec. 4                Code K1
                              Trfd in gr to Det 93, GFRC per par
                              34, SO #50 Hq. 17th Reinf. Depot
                              Departed 4 March 45.
                    Rankin, Link C.                         34 248 768    Tec 4                Code A3
                              Reasgd & rejd from atchd unasgd
                              GFRC, DEt 93. 225th Reinf Co per
                              par 34, SO #50 Hq. 17th Reinf. Depot
                              MCO 035 Race W.
                    Graff, William S.                       33 707 438    Pfc.                   Code J4A
                              Sk in 305th Clearing Co LD to lost
                              To Hosp unknown. (Diseased) “Non-
                              Battle Loss” Dy 531
                    Nelson, Nils A.                          33 292 634    Pfc.                    Code A3
                              Prasgd & rejd from atchd unasgd 48th
                              Reinf Bn per par 58, SO #6 Hq 48th
                              Reinf Bn MCO 590 Race W.
                    Anderson, Ernest R.                    36 990 851   Pvt.                    Code J4A
                              Sk in 46th Clearing Co LD underter-
                              mined to lost to Hosp unknown.
                              (Pistol shot in hip) “Non-Battle
                              Loss” Dy 531

Dear Family,
     Just a short note before the mail goes out.  It’s 1515 and sort of nasty out.  It has been raining, snowing, blowing etc. for five days.  Feb was real nice, I guess March is going to be kind of rough on us, but more so on Jerry cause he’s in full retreated almost everywhere.  In our last three or four positions we haven’t heard a single round of incoming mail – this is unusual because once in a while “he” gets mad and shoots back.  Being horse drawn, they have lost a great deal of horses – everywhere you can see them.  The Air Caps get the horses then chews up the Jerry cause he can’t move.  We are all ok – will write again soon.
                                                           Love
                                                                 Tom

           Caption reads – March 1945, Somewhere In Germany, a 75 Ton German Royal  or King Tiger Tank knocked out by the 4th Armored Division in its 60 mile plunge to the Rhine River

Tuesday – 6th March 194539

          In the XII Corps zone the 76th Infantry Division, with the 2nd Cavalry Group attached, pushed three miles east from its Kyll River bridgehead, while the 385th Infantry (reinforced) passed through the 304th Infantry, clearing Herforst (L25) and Binsfeld (L25).  To the north the 2nd Infantry (5th Infantry Division), which had been motorized the preceding day, gained seven miles in the wake of the 4th Armored Division. Oberkail (L26) was cleared by the 2nd Infantry and Spangdahelm(L25), Spang (L25) and Dahlem (L25) were taken by the 10th Infantry in an attack to the northeast.  Gaining seventeen miles, Combat Command “B” (4th Armored Division) neared Mayn (L69) in its push to the Rhine River, while Combat Command “A”, seventeen miles to the rear of Combat Command “B”, began pushing forward rapidly.  The 80th Infantry Division maintained its positions on the corps north flank with no change in positions.

Tuesday – 6th March 194540

          In rapid succession we passed through the outer Siegfried Line to Baustert and Hermesdorf and on March 6th we crossed the Kyll River through Bitburg to Orsfeld.

Tuesday – 6th March 194541

     1200 – Battalion alerted for movement to new position area at Matzen, Germany.

     1400 – Fire direction Center and C.P. closed in new position at Matzen.

     1430 – Wire communications established with firing batteries.  Coordinates of new
               installations as follows.  CP (wL146553); Air Strip (wL078557); “A” Battery                             (wL15485588);
               Battery “B” (wL15525529) and Battery “C” (wL15155697).

     0001 – 2400 – Registered Battery “A” and “C” on same check Point.  Eight TOT’s fired on
                         enemy troops and tanks.  Two other concentrations fired – one on
                         nebelwerfers and one on enemy battery.

Tuesday – 6th March 194542

          The Battalion departed Hermesdorf Germany.

Tuesday – 6th March 194543

          The Battalion arrived Matzen Germany.

Tuesday – 6th March 194544

          The Battalion moved to positions in vicinity of Matzen, Germany (wL146553) with no change in assignment or mission.

Tuesday – 6th March 194545

          Matzen (Germany) 4th Armored rolling

         Cologne, Germany on March 6, 1945, one of the only buildings left standing was the Cologne Cathedral. The US 3rd Armored Division’s Shermans and Pershings faced off with German Panthers from the Panzer-Brigade 106th Feldhernhalle. This was the first use of the Pershings tank in the war.

          Sign reads –    

                    Sight Seers
                     Keep Out  !
                    Beyond this point you
                    Draw fire on our
                    Fighting Men
                    He gives His Life
                    24 Hours A Day
                    Do You??

Tuesday – 6th March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report46

                              Matzen, Germany wL1455
                    Garland, Max L. (FA)                   01 165292     1st Lt.  MOS 1981     Code A3
                              Asgd and jd from atchd unasgd GFRC Det 48
                              Par 15, SO #61, Hq, 48th Reinf Bn. Comp
                              AUS. Date of Rank 3 Oct 42, Race White.
                    Philpott. Claude H.                     36 409 485    Tec. 4
                              Dy to Sk in 5th Collecting Sta LD
          Departed Hermesdorf, Germany wL0756 via
          Motor Convoy 1400. Arrived present Sta
          1445.  Distance marched approximately 6
          miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Tuesday – 6th March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report47

                                Matzen, Germany wL1555
          Departed Wiersdorf, Germany wL0957 at 1200
          via Motor Convoy arrived present Sta 1230
          Distnce marched 6 miles
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Tuesday – 6th March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report48

                              Matzen, Germany wL1455
                    Sabisek, Arthur E.                     32 828 600    Pfc.
                              Sk in grs LD to dy
          Departed Rittersdorf, Germany 1330
          Via Motor Convoy. Arr present sta
          1420.  Distance marched approximately
          5 Miles.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Tuesday – 6th March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report49

                              Matzen Germany wL1455
                    Kearse, Rovert L. Jr.,                34 649 881   Pfc.     MOS 405      Code A3
                              From atchd unasgd 48th Reinforcement Bn
                              To asgd & jd per par 32, SO #64 Hq 48th
                              Reinforcement Bn MCO 228 Race W
          Departed Wiersdorf Germany via motor
          Convoy 1330 arr present Sta 1430 distance
          Marched approximately 6 miles
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Tuesday – 6th March 1945 MD Detachment Morning Report50

                              Matzen, Germany wL1455
          Departed Hermesdorf, Germany wL0756 via
          Motor Convoy 1400. Arrived present Sta.
          1445.  Distance marched approximately 6
          miles.

Tuesday – 6th March 1945
          Regarding the death of 1st Lt. Lyons
Wednesday – 7th March 194551

          The 76th Infantry Division (less 417th Infantry, plus 2nd Cavalry Group) continued to advance.  While advancing three miles, the 2nd Cavalry Group screened the XII Corps south flank and cleared Rodt (L24), Schleidweiler (L24) and Zemmer (L24).  Meanwhile, the 304th and 395th infantry Regiments (76th Infantry Division) made a joint advance of five miles, capturing Arenrath  (L25), Eisenghmitt (L26) and Beilingen (L25).  Securing positions northwest of Koblenz (L79), the 4th Armored Division continued to advance unchecked as Combat Command “B” by-passed Mayen (L69) while Combat Command “A” closed the gap separating the two combat commands.  In the 5th Infantry Division, the 11th Infantry gained several miles late in the period, following the advance of the 4th Armored Division, while the 2nd and 10th Infantry Regiments each gained one mile with the 2nd Infantry capturing Gransdorf (L25) and Schwarzenborn (L26).  On the corps north flank, the 80th Infantry Division made gains of one mile.

Wednesday – 7th March 194552

     0745 – XII Corps Survey Control received from 410th F.A. Group.

     0900 – Battery Commander’s Meeting held at Battalion C.P.

     1000 – Battalion Commander, S-2 and Battery Commanders left on reconnaissance for new
               positions vicinity of Gransdorf.

     1000 – Battery “A” given Close Station, March Order preparatory to moving later.

     1500 – Close Station, March Order given to remainder of Battalion preparatory to moving
               when road conditions permit.

     1600 – Battalion commander to Battalion C.P. returned from reconnaissance and from
               visiting 410th Field Artillery Group.

     1745 – Battalion FDC and CP move to new position at Orsfeld Germany.

     1930 – Battalion FDC and CP closed in new position at Orsfeld Germany.

     2200 – Wire communication established with firing batteries.

     0001 – 2400 – Fired two TOT’s one on enemy infantry and tanks an one on enemy batteries.
                         Fired 15 – minute H & I missions on road leading northeast out of
                         Eisonachmitt Germany.

Wednesday – 7th March 194553

          The Battalion moved to position in vicinity of Orsfeld, Germany (vP203593) with no change in assignment or mission.

Wednesday – 7th March 194554

          The Battalion departed Matzen Germany.

Wednesday – 7th March 194555

          The Battalion arrived Orsfeld Germany.

Wednesday – 7th March 194556

          The Battalion moved to position in vicinity of Orsfeld, Germany (vP203593) with no change in assignment or mission.

Wednesday – 7th March 194557

          Leave Matzen (Germany) blackout ride to Matzen (Germany) arrived 2 AM

          Caption reads – Bitburg

Wednesday – 7th March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report58

                              Orsfeld, Germany wL2059
                    Clark, Carey A. (FA)                  0 249 134    Major
                              Relieved of command 1193 in addition to
                              other duties as of 2 Mar 45.
                    Garland, Max L. (FA)                 01 165 292    1st Lt.               Code A-1981
                              Principal dy Liaison Pilot 1981 not pre-
                              viously reported.
          Departed Matzen, Germany wL1455 1840 via
          Motor Convoy. Arrived present Sta 2100.
          Distance marched approximately 14 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel.

Wednesday – 7th March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report59

                              Orsfield, Germany wL1958
          Departed Matzen, Germany wL1555 at 1830
          via motor convoy. Arrived present Sta 2000
          Distance marched 6 miles
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Wednesday – 7th March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report60

                              Orsfeld, Germany wL2059
          Departed Matzen, Germany 1815. Via
          Motor Convoy. Arr present sta 2045.
          Distance marched approximately
          7 miles.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Wednesday – 7th March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report61

                              Wilsecker, Germany wL1759
          Departed Matzen Germany via motor
          convoy 1300 arr present Sta 1500
          distance marched approximately 6 miles
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Wednesday – 7th March 1945 MD Detachment Morning Report62

                              Orsfeld, Germany wL2059
          Departed Matzen, Germany wL1455 via
          Motor Convoy 1830. Arrived present Sta
          2100 distance marched approximately 14
          miles.

Dear Family,
     Here we are in our new house at #21 Stadtstrasse in _______.  It’s a nice house.  The windows are intact and the kettle coal stove is really putting out – it’s raining outside.  The people don’t want to leave their houses, but with my perfect German – and 35 men convinced them.  I almost got the master bedroom – sheets, down pillows, deep mattresses and all, I gave it up to be near the orderly room.  Hendry is playing the Organ and it sounds rather – bad.  Peter is at the guns – quietly going nuts.  He has a tough job when we move- but does it real well.  Max Garland is back!  He’s still flying so I guess the Doc’s found no damage.  I haven’t seen him, but Joe Hamilton gave me the dope.  Speaking of Joe – he’s a proud papa – Kathleen, girl (good guess) born on Washington’s birthday.  We are all smoking cigars.  Had a letter from Jane tonight she’s remembered my birthday and has the date one day (6th) off.  Hay – can’t even remember the exact day myself.  Was it the 6th or the 7th?  Guess I’m tired – or have the
ETO shakes.  I had a real swell letter from Dad last night.  I sure like to hear from him.  I know he’s real busy so I’ll forgive him right off.  He mentioned working all over the yard – in last night’s Stars & Stripes there was a picture of Chi. Coal merchant (Pres.) shoveling coal in the Union League Club furnace – was going to send it home, but sort of got confused early this morning.  We sure have been eating good the last week or two.  Meat two times a day – I mean by meat not stew, steak, pork chops, chicken, roast beef.  Had a couple of real eggs for breakfast yesterday.  Boy were they good.  Even chicken has a soldier with his hand in her nest – waiting for the little egg.  She doesn’t even have a chance to snuggle down on it – ‘cause its gone with the cry – “Hey, another egg!!”
Will write again real soon, My love to all,
                                                     Tom.

          L to R. M/Sgt. Unknown, CWO Joseph G. Hamilton

Thursday – 8th March 194563

          The 2nd Cavalry Group (attached to the 76th Infantry Division) continued to screen the south flank of XII Corps.  After clearing Gladbach (L34), Landscheid (L35), Burg (L35) and Heeg Cut (L35), the 385th Infantry (76th Infantry Division), crossed the Salm River in a drive toward Grosslitgen (L35).  Meanwhile, the 304th Infantry (76th Infantry Division) drove three miles to the Salm River, taking Greverath (L24) and prepared to cross the River.  Well east of other infantry units, the 5th Infantry Division had both the 2nd and 11th Infantry Regiments across the Salm River.  Far to the east, Combat Command ”A” and “B” (4th Armored Division) took more ground north and west of Koblenz (L99), capturing Bassenheim (L89), Wolken (L89), Kobern , Rubenach (L89), Mueheim (L89), Karlich (L89), Kruft (L89), Plaidt (L89), Miesenheim (F70), Saffig (L79), and Kettig (L89).  Advancing late in the period, the 11th Infantry (5th Infantry Division), attached to 4th Armored Division, brought its elements near elements of the 4th Armored Division.  There was no change in the 80th Infantry Division, which had been pinched out by the northerly attack of the 5th Infantry Division.

Thursday – 8th March 194564

     0900 – Battalion Exec left to inspect firing battery positions.

     1015 – Battalion Exec returned to Battalion C.P.

     1030 – Battalion Commandeer left to register batteries by Air OP.

     1315 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1200 – Battalion alerted for move tomorrow.

     0001 – 2400 – Registered Battery “B” on Check Point No. 1 and Batteries “A” and “C” on
                         same with excellent results.  H & I fire on Mandersche and Laufield
                         with 2 rounds per hour on each.

          No Caption – 

Thursday – 8th March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report65

                              Orsfeld, Germany wL2059
                    Philpott, Claude H.                   36 409 485    Tec. 4                Code J4A
                              104th Evacuatio Hosp. Diseased. Duty 060.
                              Lost to Hosp as of 7 Mar 45.
                    No Limited assignment personnel

Friday – 9th March 194566

          On the south flank of XII Corps, the 76th infantry Division (with attached 2nd Cavalry Group) gained three miles in zone to a line about one mile east of the Salm River.  While the attached 2nd Cavalry Group screened the corps south flank, Bruch (L35), Bergweiler (L35), Musweiler (L35), Hupperath (L35), Schladt (L35) and Minderlittgen (L35) were taken by the 76th Infantry Division’s 304th and 385th Infantry Regiments.  Far to the east, gains of up to four miles were made by Combat command “B” (4th Armored Division), which captured Hambuch (L63), Dunfus (L68), Roes (L68) and Montenich (L68), while Combat Command “A” maintained position.  South of Mayen (L69), Reserve Combat Command, (4th Armored Division) preceded the attached 11th Infantry, then about ten miles from the Rhine River.  The 2nd and 10th Infantry Regiments (5th Infantry Division) each gained nine miles, mopping up and taking Bettenfeld (L36) and Manderscheid (L36).  Far to the west, the 80th Infantry Division maintained position while preparing to attack to the east.

Friday – 9th March 194567

          Three days later we were attached as direct support to the famous fighting 4th Armored Division that moved down the long extended finger of territory north of the Moselle River and reached Ochtnedung, thus joining with the First Army near the Rhine, a short distance from Coblenz.  Part of the Battalion took one wrong road and soon found itself spearheading for the Infantry and Tank Destroyer reconnaissance parties.

Friday – 9th March 194568

          From the 9th until the end of the month, the Battalion was almost constantly on the move, in several instances having occupied new positions twice in the same day.  The 4th Armored Division broke through the Siegfried line early in March and went as far as Koblenz, Germany.  It was this Battalion’s mission to support their drive.  The moves shown in par. 1 reflect this mission.

Friday – 9th March 194569

     0900 – Batteries given Close Station – March Order preparatory to moving later.

     1116 – Battalion Commander and Advanced Parties left Battalion C.P. for new position area.

     1130 – Battalion left area on its way to new position area at Ochtnedung, Germany.  Order
               of March: Headquarters, “A”, “B”, “C” and Service Battery.

     2100 – Battalion given orders to remain on side of road until daylight and to continue march
               early tomorrow.  Weather:  Cool and damp with intermittent rain.  Distance
               marched:  35 miles.  Morale: Excellent.

Friday – 9th March 194570

          The Battalion moved from Orsfeld, Germany, with the 410th Field Artillery Group, with the mission of supporting the 4th Armored division in exploiting its salient near Kodlenz, Germany.  The Battalion bivouacked the night of 9 March in the vicinity of Ulmen, Germany.

Friday – 9th March 194571

          The Battalion departed Orsfeld

Friday – 9th March 194572

           Another blackout ride to Ochtnedung (Germany) near Koblenz (Germany).  Mathis (Cpl. Jasper A. Mathis) killed. Luftwaffe appears for first time Consdorf

Colonel Davis Paper73

          We were attached as direct support for the famous fighting 4th Armored Division and moved down the long extended finger of territory north of the Moselle River to reach Ochtendung and joined the First Army near the Rhine River.  A short distance from Koblenz our battalion took one road and found itself leading and spearheading the Infantry.  It was that fluid.  We followed the 4th Armored Division, in their race through the German countryside, always had four or five additional battalions of artillery besides their own armored division, artillery that went with them on these thrusts through the German towns and lines.  That’s where we were for quite a bit of the time.  It was quite hairy because when they came under airborne bursts of artillery, of course, the 4th Armored people could get down in their tanks and their troop carriers, and here we were, running around in jeeps and open trucks.  But we came through that in good shape.

          Caption reads – Cpl. Norbert B. Schulte, Cpl. Wiley A. Parsons, Pfc. Henry J. Butcher and others In Battery B, Koblenz Germany

Friday – 9th March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report74

                              Enroute to Ochethdung, Germany
          Departed Orsfeld, Germany wL2059 1140
          via Motor Convoy. Bivouacked 1930 in the
          vicinity of wL5481. Distance marched
          approximately 39 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel.

Friday – 9th March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report75

                              Enroute to Ochtendung, Germany
          Departed Orsfield, Germany wL1958 at 1200
          via Motor Convoy Bivouacked for night at 2230
          Distance marched approximately 34 miles
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Friday – 9th March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report76

                              Kaisersesch, Germany wL5781
          Departed Orsfeld, Germany 1000. Via
          Motor Convoy. Arr present sta 1900.
          Distance marched approximately
          36 miles.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Friday – 9th March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report77

                              Kaisersesch Germany wL5781
          Departed Wilsecker Germany via motor
          convoy 1100 bivouacked in vicinity of
          Kaisersesch Germany 2200 distance
          marched approximately 35 miles
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Friday – 9th March 1945 Service Battery Morning Report78

                              Enroute to Ochtendung, Germany
          Departed Oberweis, Germany wL0552 at
          1235 via Motor Convoy. Bivouacked for
          night at 2315. Distance marched approx.-
          imately 40 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Friday – 9th March 1945 MD Detachment Morning Report79

                              Enroute to Ochtendung, Germany
          Departed Orsfeld, Germany wL2059 1130 via
          Motor Convoy. Bivouacked 1930 in the
          vicinity of wL5481. Distance marched
          approximately 39 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Saturday – 10th March 194580

          In the XII Corps zone Combat Command “A” (4th Armored Division) cleared ground along the west bank of the Rhine River, and along the north bank of the Moselle River, capturing Gondorf (L78), Wirfus (L67), Guls (L89), Winningen (L89) and Kobern (L89) while Combat Command “B” took Illerich (L67), Greimersburg (L57), Carden (L67), Landkern (L57), and Brohl (L68).  The 5th Infantry Division (less 11th Infantry) gained three miles with its 2nd Infantry clearing the area west of the Lieser River.  Then the 10th Infantry relieved the 2nd Infantry and captured Cochem (L57).  After being relieved, the 2nd Infantry moved eastward to join the 4th Armored Division.  To the rear, the 89th Infantry Division began relieving elements of the 5th and 76th Infantry Divisions.  The 90th Infantry Division completed mopping up in zone and proceeded to an assembly area.  Farther north, the 76th Infantry Division (with 2nd Cavalry Group attached) continued to clear enemy in zone, capturing Gipperath (L36), Plein (L35), Luxem (L45), and Karl (L06).  The 80th Infantry Division was pulled back to the vicinity of Luxembourg (P81) enroute to XX Corps after being relieved from XII Corps.

Saturday – 10th March 194581

     1100 – Battalion started on its way to Ochtendung, Germany after bivouacking on side of
                road throughout night.

     1500 – Battalion arrived in new position area at Ochtendung, Germany Distance marched
               22 miles.  Weather:  Cool, damp with intermittent rain.  Morale:  Excellent.

     1530 – Coordinate of installations as follows:  CP – wL752945:  “A” – wL76229531:   “B” –
               wL74449606:  “C” – wL74829590.

     1615 – Wire communication established with 410th Field Artillery Group and firing Batteries.

     0001 – 2400 – All three batteries registered on railroad yard in Koblenz.  Fire H & I in
                        Grenzhausen  and in Neider at rate of three rounds
                        per hour on each starting at 1930.

Saturday – 10th March 194582

           The Battalion having moved from Orsfeld, Germany, with the 410th Field Artillery Group, with the mission of supporting the 4th Armored division in exploiting its salient near Koblenz, Germany, continued its March to positions in vicinity of Ochtendung, (wL750944) from where all batteries were registered on Koblinz that day.

Saturday – 10th March 194583

          The Battalion having moved from Orsfeld, Germany, with the 410th Field Artillery Group, with the mission of supporting the 4th Armored division in exploiting its salient near Koblenz, Germany, continued its March to positions in vicinity of Ochtendung, Germany (wL750944) from where all batteries were registered on Koblinz that day.

Saturday – 10th March 194584

         Arrived Ochtendung Germany (after long march)

Saturday – 10th March 194585

         Battery “B” man Corporal Jasper A. Mathis – Florence, Alabama was killed on night march when tube of a 155mm gun smashed through front of the truck and crushed him.

          Caption reads – Koblenz

Saturday – 10th March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report86

                              Ochtendung, Germany wL7594
          Departed bivouac area wL5481 1130 via
          Motor Convoy. Arrived present Sta 1530.
          Distance marched approximately 20 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Saturday – 10th March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report87

                              Ochtendung, Germany wL7595
          Departed bivouac area at 1030 via Motor
          Convoy enroute to present Sta arrived
          present Sta at 1500. Distance marched app-
          roximately 22 miles
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Saturday – 10th March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report88

                              Ochtendung, Germany wL7594
                    Parker, Frank C.                      34 359 153    Sgt.
                              Dy to sk in qrs LD
                    Mathis, Jasper A.                     34 338 540    Cpl.
                              Dy to accidentally killed motor
                              Vehicle wreck in line of dy. Non-
                              battle casualty.
          Departed Kaisersesch, Germany 0720.
          Via Motor Convoy. Arr present sta
          900. Distance marched approximately
          20 miles.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Saturday – 10th March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report89

                              Ochtendung Germany wL7594
          Departed Kaisersesch Germany via motor
          Convoy 0730 arr present Sta 1030
          Distance marched approximately 20 miles
                    On EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Saturday – 10th March 1945 Service Battery Morning Report90

                              Ochtendung, Germany wL7594
          Departed bivouac area at 0550 via Motor
          Convoy enroute to present Sta. Arrived
          present Sta at 1550. Distance marched
          approximately 45 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Saturday – 10th March 1945 MD Detachment Morning Report91

                               Ochtendung, Germany wL7594
          Departed Bivouac area wL5481 1130 via
          Motor Convoy. Arrived present Sta 1530.
          Distance marched approximately 20 miles.
                     No limited assignment personnel

Dear Family,
     Read your papers again around this date – as were doing quite a job.  I haven’t had a chance to write to you for two or three days because I had been very busy and up very late at night.  We have been three nights in three houses and one night on the ground.  This new place isn’t bad.  My German is improving!!  Had to kick several families out of their houses so we could have a place for Savage and my men.  Some of them said Ok some jabbered for a long time, as there was no argument where I was concerned – they got!!  Have you ever put an old lady out in the street?  I have!!  One thing that makes it better is that they cling together like a couple of /   mand others always make room.  Will drop you a letter when I get some sleep.  All of us are OK – just pooped out.  Love to all,
                                                             Tom.

Sunday – 11th March 194592

          Along the Rhine River, in the eastern part of XII Corps zone , Combat Command “B” (4th Armored Division) was relieved by the 11th Infantry after clearing its zone of the enemy, while Combat Command “A” and reserve Combat Command maintained their positions and patrolled.  Making good gains in an area southwest of Maxen (L69), the 5th Infantry Division (less 11th Infantry) cleared Udler (L37), Oberwinkel  (L47), Niederwinkel  (L47), Gevenich (L57), Strotzbush (L46), Strohn (L46), Faid (L57) and Gevenich (L57).  The 76th Infantry Division (with attachments 2nd Cavalry Group) was relieved by the 89th Infantry Division in zone, and then proceeded to a new zone farther south.  Meanwhile, the 89th Infantry Division continued the attack to the northeast in the former zone of the 78th Infantry Division.

     An enemy shell estimated to be 280 mm, struck and exploded within ten yards of the building housing the Forward Echelon in the city of Luxembourg, killing two enlisted men and causing considerable damage to the building.

Sunday – 11th March 194593

     0635 – Battalion Commander left to inspect firing batteries.

     1100 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1136 – Battalion Commander left for 410th F.A. Group.

     1600 – 183rd F.A. Group commander, Colonel Bartlett, visited Fire Direction Center and
               gave key personnel brief of situation.

     1730 – Group Commander left Fire Direction Center.

     1930 – Battalion relieved of attachment to 410th F.A. Group. And attached to 183rd
               F.A. Group by Colonel Bartlett.

     0001 – 2400 – Completed calibration of Batteries “B” and “C” by Ballistic an Technical
                         Service Team No. 3.  Fired two TOT missions on enemy activity.  H & I’s
                         fired on town of Oberlahanstain from
                         2000 at rate of 2 rounds per hour.  Continued H & I’s on Grenehausen and
                         Neider at rate of 3 rounds per hour until 0600.

Sunday – 11th March 194594

          The Battalion was relieved from attached to the 410th Field Artillery Group, and was attached to the 183rd Field Artillery Group with no change in mission.

          Caption reads – Koblenz

Sunday – 11th March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report95

                             Ochtendung, Germany wL7594
                    Humphrey, Robert G. (FA)               0 254 639    Maj.
                              Dy to temporary dy approximately 8 days
                              Cite University, Paris France as of 9
                              Mar 45.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Monday – 12th March 194596

          In the eastern part of the XII Corps zone, Combat Command “A” (4th Armored Division) patrolled along the west bank of the Rhine River and north bank of the Moselle River, while Combat Command “B” and Reserve Combat Command went into assembly areas.  Elements of the 90th Infantry Division relieved 4th Armored Division in zone.  The 11th Infantry reverted from 4th Armored Division to 5th Infantry Division control, and all three regiments of the division patrolled in zone on the north bank of the Moselle River, west of the 90th Infantry Division.  Attacking to the east the 353rd and 355th Infantry Regiments (89th Infantry Division) gained seven miles, clearing Niederscheidweiler (L46), Diefenbach (L45), Driesch (L47) and Lutzerath (L47).  The 76th Infantry Division passed control of the 417th Infantry to the 10th Armored Division, while advancing east and taking Kinderbeuern (L45), Urzig (L45), Osann (L44), Kesten (L44), Peisport (L44) and Maring (L44).

Monday – 12th March 194597

     1010 – Battalion Exec left to inspect HQ an Service Batteries.

     1100 – Battalion Exec returned to Battalion CP.

     1140 – Close Station, March Order receive.

     1700 – FDC and CP close in new position at Ruder.

     1730 – Batteries “A”, “B” and “C” close in new positions.  Coordinates follow:  “A” –
               wL75968660:  “B” – wL75198754;  “C” – wL75148675.

      1930 – Receive XII Corps Survey Control received from 183rd FA Group.  Transmitted
                to Assistant S-2.

      0001 – 2400 – One sound on sound mission fired with Chimes Baker on one enemy gun.
                          Two H & I mission on RR Junction and town – two rounds per hour on each.

Monday – 12th March 194598

          The Battalion departed Ochtendung Germany.

Monday – 12th March 194599

          The Battalion arrived Ruber Germany.

Monday – 12th March 1945100

          The Battalion moved to new positions in vicinity Ruber, Germany (wL744879) where all batteries registered that day.

Monday – 12th March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report101

                              Ruber, Germany wL7488
          Departed Ochtendung Germany wL7594 1530
          via Motor Convoy. Arrived present Sta
          1600.  Distance marched approximately 6
          miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel.

Monday – 12th March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report102

                              Dreckenach, Germany wL7785
          Departed Ochtendung, Germany wL7595 at 1530
          via Motor Convoy. Arrived present Sta at 1645
          Distance marched 8 miles.
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Monday – 12th March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report103

                              Dreckenach, Germany wL7787
          Departed Ochtendung, Germany 1500.
          Via Motor Convoy. Arr present sta
          1530.  Distance marched approximately
          8 miles.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Monday – 12th March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report104

                              Dreckenack Germany wL7787
          Departed Ochtendung Germany via motor
          Convoy 1445 arr present Sta 1600
          Distance marched approximately 8 miles
                     One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Monday – 12th March 1945 MD Detachment Morning Report105

                              Ruber, Germany wL7488
          Departed Ochtendung, Germany wL7594 1530
          via Motor Convoy. Arrived present Sta
          1600.  Distance marched approximately6
          miles.

Tuesday – 13th March 1945106

          Elements of XII Corps crossed the Moselle River during the period, joining in the coordinated attack to effect contact with Seventh U.S. Army and enveloped enemy forces in the Assr-Moselle-Rhine area.

     XII Corps front at this time ran roughly from southwest to northeast.  At the extreme northeastern part of the zone, the 4th Armored Division was paroling.  Just to the south the 5th and 90th Infantry Divisions were deployed along the north bank of the Moselle River.  During the night both divisions jumped off following an artillery preparation of two hours, seizing bridgeheads across the Moselle River which they enlarged to approximately one mile in depth, and which were consolidated by the end of the period.  Two regiments of each division had crossed before the period closed.  Farther west the 89th and 76th Infantry Divisions were also along the north bank of the Moselle River, and were clearing out enemy pockets .  Artillery harassed the enemy’s escape routes.  At the extreme southwest of Corps zone the 2nd Cavalry Croup was relieved from attachment to the 76th Infantry Division, and began movement to join the 90th Infantry Division.

Tuesday – 13th March 1945107

          On March 13th we boarded the 4th Armored Division Express again this time in its drive south across the Moselle River behind the Germans in the Saar Line.

Tuesday – 13th March 1945108

     0710 – Situation Overlay as of 121200 March 1945 received from 183rd FA Group.
               Forwarded to S-2.

     0845 – Battalion Commander and S-2 left Battalion CP to reconnoiter for ground OP
               positions.

     1215 – Battalion Commander and S-2 returned to Battalion CP.

     1230 – Battery Commander’s Meeting held at Headquarters Battery Mess.

     1345 – Battalion Commander left for Air Strip to register Batteries by Plain.

     1645 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion CP.

     0001 – 2400 – Fired upon single enemy piece – mission completed at 1750 –piece
                         destroyed.  Fired one Battalion volley on town.  Fired on enemy CP which
                         was neutralized.  Fired 36 – minute preparation on enemy town and CP’s
                         and defiles followed by two batteries volleys per hour on each town.  Two
                         H & I missions fired.

Tuesday – 13th March 1945109

          The Battalion again provided direct fire support for the 4th Armored Division in its drive south across the Moselle River behind the Germans in the Saar Line.  With very short stops in Ruber, Beulich, Simmern, Windesheim, Pfaffen, Schwabenheim, Neider and Saulheim

Tuesday – 13th March 1945110

          Dreckenack (Germany)

Wednesday – 14th March111

          Effective enemy combat strength opposing Third U.S. Army was estimated at this time as being 8,500 effective and twenty tanks or assault guns against XII Corps.

     After crossing the Moselle River the previous day, the 5th and 90th Infantry Division continued to attack to the south in XII Corps zone, with the 5th Infantry Division cleaning Lutz (L67) and Treis (L67), and the 90th Infantry Division taking Herschwisen (L87), Oppenhausen (L87), Udunrausen (L88), Morshausen (L77), Beulich (L77) and Wacken (L77).  The 5th Infantry Division held a bridgehead two and  one-half miles deep and three miles wide at the end of the period while the 90th Infantry Division secured a bridgehead two and one-half miles deep and about two miles wide.  Preparing to attack to the south the 76th and 89th Infantry Divisions continued mopping up the enemy north of the Moselle River.

Wednesday – 14th March 1945112

          The Battalion fired a thirty-six (36) minute preparation for the attack of the XII Corps across the Moselle River, and continued with fairly heavy firing that day and on the 15th and 16th March.

Wednesday – 14th March 1945113

     0603 – Situation Overlay as of 130800 March 1945 received from 183rd FA Group.  Maps:
               German 1:50,000.  Sheet Nos. 61 62, 81 and 83.  Forwarded to Battalion S-2.

     0830 – Battery Commander’s Meeting held at Headquarters Battery Mess.

     1015 – Major Cooper, 183rd FA Group S-4, visited Battalion CP.

     1045 – Battalion Exec and Major Cooper left to inspect firing batteries.

     1130 – XII Corps Survey Control dated 11th and 12th March 1945 received from 183rd
               FA Group dated 13th March 1945.  Forwarded to Assistant S-2.

     1210 – Battalion Exec and Major Cooper returned to Battalion CP.

     1245 – Control Station Overlay. Scale 1:50,000 received from 183rd FA Group dated
               13th March 1945.  Forwarded to Assistant S-2.

     1300 – Battalion Exec and Major Cooper left Battalion CP to continue inspection of Firing
               Batteries and Service Battery.

     1315 – Battalion Commander left for Battalion Air strip.

     1530 – Battalion Exec returned to Battalion CP.

     1640 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion CP.

     0001 – 2400 – Continued two battery volleys per hour on two towns until 0600.  Seven
                         H & I missions fired at various times during period.  Seven concentrations
                         fired on enemy troops, vehicles, guns and small counterattacks.

          Caption reads – Art Bishop, awaiting orders

Wednesday – 14th March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report114

                              Dreckenach, Germany wL7785
                    Perkins, Cecil R.                     34 390 858    Tec. 5                Code J4A
                              Dy to lost to Hosp unknown LM Motor Accident
                              Dy 244 Non-battle loss
                    Ellis, Robert E.                      34 248 808    Pfc.
                              Dy to sk in 316th Clr Co LD Motor Accident
                              Dy 641 Non-battle casualty
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Wednesday – 14th March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report115

                              Dreckenach, Germany wL7787
                    Parker, Frank C.                     34 359 153    Sgt.
                              Sk in qrs LD to dy
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Dear Family,
     Things have been going along quite well the last few days.  We have been on the “go” and all of us are kind of bushed.  I’ve had a couple of letters the last few days but haven’t had any chance to do any writing myself.  We are in a real nice house now.  Curtains, beds, nice furniture etc.  The people “are” cooperative (no choice) but rather sullen.  Four planes have been over in the last few days – two were shot down.  One by a P-38 the other – just crashed because he didn’t see a hill in front of him – it was very dark.  Bet his face was red.  Will write a letter soon.
         Love to all
                          Tom.

Thursday – 15th March 1945116

          The combined attack of 5th and 90th Infantry Division continued south of the Moselle river in the extreme eastern end of XII Corps zone.  The 10th Infantry (5th Infantry Division) was attached to the 4th Armored Division while the 2nd and 11th Infantry Regiments each gained three miles, clearing Dommershausen (L77), Dorweiler (L77), Kastellaun (L76), Zilhausen (L76), Korweiler (L76), Morsdorf (L76), Lahr (L76) and Bush (L76).  Meanwhile, the 90th Infantry Division gained four miles to the southeast, capturing Oppenhausen (L87), Herschwiesen (L87), Buchhoiz (L87), Dieler (L87), Ney (L87), Kratzenburg (L87), Halsenbach (L87), Ehr (L87), Gondershausen (87), Merinuth (L87) and Beulich (L77).  Striking rapidly south from its assembly area, the 4th Armored Division pushed through the 90th Infantry Division and gained over fifteen miles.  The 10th Infantry (5th Infantry Division) and 359th Infantry (90th Infantry Division) were attached, and prepared to follow the rapidly advancing armored elements.  While Combat Command “A” took Beulich (L77), Liesenfeld (L78), and Ellern (L95), Combat Command “B” cleared Dommershausen (L77), Laubach (L86) and Simmern (L85).  To the west, the 89th Infantry Division attacked south across the Moselle River, gaining two miles and clearing Bullary (L56), Neef (L56), Nehaan (L66), Senhals (L66), Ellenz (L66) and Poltersdorf (L66).  Artillery batteries listing nearly and hour preceded attack.  The 76th Infantry Division relieved the 2nd Cavalry Group in zone and continued patrolling along the northern bank of the Moselle River.  Upon relief, the 2nd Cavalry Group instituted movement to the eastern part of the corps zone.

Thursday – 15th March 1945117

     0845 – Battalion commander left Battalion C.P. for Mayen on official business.

     0845 – XII Corps Survey Control date 14th March 1945 receive from 410th F.A. Group.
               Forwarded to Assistant S-2.

     1030 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1035 – Battalion Commander left to inspect Batteries “A”, “B” and “C”.

     1200 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion C.P.

     1300 – Battalion temporarily relieved of attachment to 183rd F.A. Group and attached to
               410th F.A. Group.

     0001 – 2400 – Fired 5 TOT missions on enemy troops, tanks, vehicles and batteries.  Four
                         H & I missions fired at various times during period.  AOP adjusted on enemy
                         battery direct hit on one piece, others neutralized, ammunition exploding and
                         burning.  Group AOP adjusted on enemy troops and vehicles in town, with
                         excellent results.  Fired 5 other missions on enemy vehicles, troops, mortars
                         and C.P.

Friday – 16th March 1945118

          A TWX was received from Twelfth U.S. Army Group which stated that First U.S. Army would assign the 28th Infantry Division immediately to Third U.S. Army.

     Continuing its whirlwind drive to the south, the 4th Armored Division (XII Corps) gained up to eighteen miles, with Combat Command “A” closing to the Rhine River in the vicinity Bretzenheim (M14) while Combat Command “B” crossed the Hahe River near Badmunster (M03), then Continued south through Hallgarten (M02).  The attached 10th and 359th Infantry Regiments were well in advance of other infantry units, with the 359th Infantry in Simmern (L85) at the close of the period, while the 10th Infantry captured Blankenrath (L66) and Panzweiler (L65). The 90th Infantry Division (less the 359th Infantry) reduced the enemy in the far eastern section of the Corps zone, clearing Bad Salzig (L97) and Boppard (L98).  To the west, the 5th Infantry Division (less 10th Infantry) gained seven miles, taking Buch (L76), Kastellaun (L76) and Hundreim (L75) in its mopping up drive to the rear of the 4th Armored Division.  By this time the 4th Armored Division was cutting up enemy units on a large scale, while the 5th and 90th Infantry Divisions were mopping up and taking large numbers of prisoners.  The 89th Infantry Division enlarged its bridgehead over the Moselle River, gaining four and one-half miles and taking Burg (L55), Briedel (L55) and Ellenz (L66), while the 76th Infantry Division maintained its positions on the north bank of the Moselle River in the western section of XII Corps zone.  The 2nd Cavalry Group screened the corps north flank, while maintaining contact with VIII Corps.

Friday – 16th March 1945119

     0830 – Battalion moved from position at Ruber

     0900 – Battalion reverted to 18th F.A. Group control.

     1130 – Fire Direction Center and C.P. close in new position at Beulich.

     1545 – XII Corps Survey Controls dated 14th and 15th March 1945 received from 410th
               FA Group.  Forwarded to Assistant S-2.

     2100 – Battalion moved from Beulich 

     0001 – 2400 – Battalion fired three registrations.

Friday – 16th March 1945120

          The Battalion departed Ruber Germany.

Friday – 16th March 1945121

          The Battalion arrived Beulich Germany.

Friday – 16th March 1945122

          C.S.M.O. (Close Station March Order) at 5 AM, Beulich (Germany) crossed Moselle at Hatzenport (Germany) 2nd C.S.M.O of the day. Blackout drive, arrived Simmern (Germany)

Friday – 16th March 1945123

          The Battalion moved to new positions in vicinity Beulich, (wL799752) where all batteries were registered.  Three hours later the Battalion moved to new positions in vicinity Simmern, Germany (wL8453).  The Battalion mission at this stage was general support of the 4th Armored Division.

Friday – 16th March 1945124

          The Battalion departed Beulich Germany.

Friday – 16th March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report125

                              Enroute to Simmern, Germany wL8454
          Departed Ruber, Germany wL7488 0900 via
          Motor Convoy. Arrived Beulich, Germany
          1130.  Distance marched 15 miles.
          Departed Beulich, Germany wL7975 2230
          via Motor Convoy enroute to Simmern, Ger-
          many.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Friday – 16th March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report126

                              Enroute Kumbdchen, Germany
          Departed Dreckenach, wL7785 at 0845 via
          motor convoy. Arr Beulich, Germany wL7975
          established position & fired. Departed
          Beulich, German at 2230 enroute to
          Kumbdchen, Germany
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Friday – 16th March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report127

                              Enrout to Keidelheim, Germany
          Departed Dreckenach, Germany 0900. Via
          Motor Convoy. Arrived Beulich, Germany
          1105.  Distance marched 15 miles.
          Established position & fired. Departed
          Beulich, Germany 2300 enrout to Keidelheim, Germany.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Friday – 16th March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report128

                              Enroute to Kumbochen Germany wL8354
                    Yorkes, Samuel J., Jr.               13 150 117    Cpl.
                              Dy to sk LD 315th Collecting Co
                              “Non-battle” (Disease) “Dy 228” as “Dy 505”
                    Dumas, Willie G.                      34 339 308    Pfc.
                              “Dy 531”
                               Above 2 EM Dy to sk LD 315th
                               Collecting Co “Non_battle” (Disease)
          Departed Dreckenack Germany via motor
          Convoy at 0900. Arr Beulich Germany
          wL7975 established position and fired
          Registration and departed enroute to
          Kumbochen Germany at 2230
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Friday 16th March 1945 Service Battery Morning Report129

                              Enroute to Windasheim, Germany
          Departed Ochtendung, Germany wL7594 at
          1500 via Motor Convoy. Bivouacked for
          night at 1800. Distance marched approx.-
          imately 12 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Friday – 16th March 1945 MD Detachment Morning Report130

                              Enroute to Simmern, Germany
          Departed Ruber, Germany, wL7488 0900 via
          Mortor Convoy. Arrived Beulich, Germany
          1300.  Distance marched 15 miles. Departed
          Beulich, Germany wL79752230 via Motor
          Convoy enroute to Simmern, Germany
                    No limited assignment personnel

Saturday – 17th March 1945131

          XII Corps’ spearhead continued to be its 4th Armored Division followed up by the 5th and 90th Infantry Divisions.  Gains of six miles were made by 4th Armored Division after it passed through Bad Kreuznach (M03).  Three minor counter attacks were easily repulsed by the division.  The 5th Infantry Division gained five miles with the 2nd and 11th Infantry Regiments while the 10th Infantry was relieved from 4th Armored Division and reverted to 5th Infantry Division.  The 359th Infantry (90th Infantry Division) continued to support the 4th Armored Division while the remainder of the 90th Infantry Division gained two miles, mopping up and clearing the enemy to the Rhine River.  After closing in corps zone, the 11th Armored Division passed through the 89th Infantry Division, gaining more than fifteen miles.  At the end of the period, forward elements of the 11th Armored Division were about ten miles northwest of the 4th Armored Division.  After being motorized the 355th Infantry (89th Infantry Division) followed closely behind the 11th Armored Division, while the remainder of the 89th Infantry Division pushed forward three miles.  To the west, the 76th Infantry Division maintained its positions north of the Moselle River, while in the eastern extremity of the corps zone the 2nd Cavalry Group continued to screen the flank alone the Rhine River.

Saturday – 17th March 1945132

     0730 – Battalion closed in new position at Simmern.

     0815 – Wire communications established with firing batteries.

     1530 – Battalion Commander left for 183rd F.A. Group.1600 – Battalion Commander
               returned to Battalion C.P.

     1615 – Battalion Commander and Battery Commanders with their Reconnaissance Parties
               left on reconnaissance for new positions.

     1845 – Situation Overlay date 17th March 1945 as of 1200 received from S-2, 183rd
               F.A. Group.  Map Reference:  1:50,000.

     1845 – Operational Directive #3 from 183rd F.A. Group dated 17th March 1945 with
               attached overlay.  Map Scale:  1/50.000 received from 183rd F.A. Group S-2 giving
               route of march and order of march for movement to new position.

     0001 – 2400 – Attempted fire on enemy battery with PJY Plane – Visibility too poor.

          Caption reads – March 1945, Rhineland Germany, R.O. jeep, Russell Kuhn driver

Saturday – 17th March 1945133

          The Battalion arrived Simmern Germany.

Saturday – 17th March 1945134

          Simmern (Germany)

Saturday – 17th March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report135

                              Simmern, Germany wL8454
          Arrived present Sta 0645 via motor Convoy
          from Beulich, Germany wM7975. Distance
          marched approximately 21 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Saturday – 17th March 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report136

                              Kumbdchen, Germany wL8359
          Enroute present Sta 0730 Distance marched
          Approximately 36 miles
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Saturday – 17th March 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report137

                              Keidelheim, Germany wL8354
          Arrived Keidelheim, Germany 0700.
          Distance marched 30 miles.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Saturday – 17th March 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report138

                              Kumbochen Germany wL8354
          Enroute via motor convoy at 0001 arr
          present Sta 0430 distance marched
          approximately 34 miles
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Saturday – 17th March 1945 Service Battery Morning Report139

                            Enroute to Windesheim, Germany
          Departed bivouac area at 1000 via Motor
          Convoy enroute to present Sta. Bivouacked
          for night at 1500. Distance marched ap-
          proximately 20 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Saturday – 17th March 1945 MD Detachment Morning Report140

                              Simmern, Germany wL8454
          Arrived present Sta 0645 via Motor Convoy
          from Boulich, Germany wL7975. Distance
          marched approximately 21 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Sunday – 18th March 1945141

          Along the Rhine River in the northern part of XII Corps zone, the 2nd Cavalry Group patrolled aggressively while the 90th  Infantry Division cleared ground south alone; the river beyond Bingen (M15), which was under attack by the end of the period.  The 4th Armored Division made gains south of the Nahe River while fanning out to the east and west in order to reduce by-passed concentrations of the enemy.  Sobernheid (L93) and Reckerhausen (L76) were captured while the important town of Bad Kreuznach (M03) was cleared.  Gaining eight miles, the 11th Armored Division continued to advance rapidly.  Combat Command “A” forded the Nahe River, capturing Meddeersheim (L93), while Combat Command “B” crossed the same river five miles to the west and captured Becherbach (L82).  The 355th Infantry (89th Infantry Division) was attached to 11th Armored Division and followed it closely, while the remainder of the 89th Infantry Division reduced enemy troops by-passed by the armored columns.  Crossing the Moselle River, the 304th Infantry (76th Infantry Division) gained one mile while the remainder of the division patrolled north of the River.

Sunday – 18th March 1945142

     0300 – Batteries “A”, “B” and “C” given Close Station, March Order preparatory to move to
               new position.

     0500 – Battalion move from positions vicinity of Simmern and closed in new position in
               vicinity of Windeshaln at 0930.

     0945 – Battalion CP and FDC opened in Windesheim.

     1115 – Wire communications established with firing batteries and with 183rd F.A. Group.

     1530 – Battalion march order and move from positions at Windesheim to
               Pfaffen-Schwabenheim.

     1900 – Battalion CP and FDC opened in Winerheim.

     2000 – Wire communications established with firing batteries and with 183rd F.A. Group.

     0001 – 2400 – Battery “C” registered and started registration of other two batteries but
                         CEMO interrupted its completion.  Fired 4 – round concentration at edge of
                         airport – 3 hits reported on buildings at edge of airport.

          Caption reads – March 1945, Chow line and washing mess kits
Sunday – 18th March 1945143

          The Battalion departed Simmern Germany.

Sunday – 18th March 1945144

          The Battalion move to new positions in the vicinity of Windersheim, (wM056452) registered on battery, then move again to positions in vicinity of Pfaffen-Schwabenheim, Germany, (wM1539).

Sunday -18th March 1945145

          The Battalion arrived Windesheim.

Sunday – 18th March 1945146

          The Battalion departed Windesheim.

Sunday – 18th March 1945147

          The Battalion arrived Pfaffen-Schwabenheim Germany.

Sunday – 18th March 1945148

          C.S.M.O. (Close Station March Order) 2 AM Wolfsheim (Germany) and again at 5 PM Hagenheim (Germany)

Sunday – 18th March 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report149

                              Pfaffen-Schwabenheim, Germany wM1539
          Depareted Simmern, Germany wL8454 0630 via
          Motor Convoy. Arrived