Tuesday – 1st May 19451

          Mopping up behind the 11th Armored Division in XII Corps zone, the 26th infantry Division continued its advance north of the Danube River.  While advancing over poor roads, Combat Command “A” and Combat Command “B” (11th Armored Division) reached Neufelden (Q60) and pushed foot elements across the Muhl River.  In its advance to the east, the 5th Infantry Division captured bridges across the Muhl River in vicinity of Schiagel (Q52).  While elements of the 387th Infantry (97th Infantry Division) relieved elements of the 358th Infantry (90th Infantry Division) on the corps north flank, the 358th Infantry advanced east, clearing a wooded area in its zone just across the Czechoslovakian border.  The remainder of the division consolidated its positions.  Continuing to advance, the 2nd Cavalry Group maintained contact with the 5th Infantry Division, while the 4th Armored Division continued movement to corps zone.

Tuesday – 1st May 19454

          At the beginning of the period the Battalion was in general support of XII Corps and supporting 90th Infantry Division screening the Corps left flank.  Two batteries were in position in the vicinity of Dofering Germany and one in the vicinity of Arnaschwang Germany.

Tuesday – 1st May 19455

          The Battalion, less Battery “A” and one platoon of Battery “B” was in position in vicinity of Dofering) Germany (wU5593), attached to 177th Field Artillery  Group, in general support of XII Corps and reinforcing fires of 344th Field Artillery Battalion of 90th Infantry Division on the Corps left flank bordering Czechoslovakia.

     Battery “A” in position in vicinity of Arnaschwang Germany (wO6887) operating separate Fire Direction Center, for better coverage of 90th Infantry Division Zone.

     Detached platoon of Battery “B” rejoined Battalion, having completed special mission in vicinity of Waldkirchen, Germany

Tuesday – 1st May 19456

     0830 – Battalion Executive left by plane to inspect 1st Platoon of Battery “B” which
               is on a special operation in the vicinity of Waldkirchen Germany.

     1015 – 177th F.A. Group Executive at Battalion CP. For conference with
               Battalion Commander.

     1020 – Battalion Executive returned to Battalion CP.  Weather too bad to continue flight to 
               “B’s” 1st Platoon.

     1025 – Received XII Corps Survey Control, dated 10 April 1945 from 177th F.A. Group.

     1130 – 177th F.A. Group Executive left Battalion CP.

     1150 – Battalion Executive left to inspect 1st Platoon of “B” Battery located in the
               vicinity of Waldkirchen, Germany,

     1630 – Battalion Executive returned to Battalion CP.  “B” Battery 1st Platoon on way
               to rejoin Battalion.

     1640 – Receive 90th Infantry Division Check Points, Map Scale 1:100,000 from
               177th F.A. Group.

      0001 – 2400 – Started AOP adjustment on six enemy tanks and vehicles at (wP719078);
                          fired on them with good effect.  Started GOP adjustment on one tank –
                          GOP decided it was friendly tank after two rounds had been expended.
                          Fired on enemy strong point in a castle – castle destroyed – strong point
                          neutralized. Fired on vehicles, enemy guns and infantry – results:
                          two guns neutralized; 1 vehicle destroyed, unknown casualties to infantry.
                          Five H & I missions on towns and road nets..

          No caption

Tuesday – 1st May 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report7

                              Dofering, Germany wU5593
                    Carver, Robert H.                     34 421 760      T ec. 4
                               Promoted to S/Sgt par 3, SO #23, Hq. 244th
                               FA Bn.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Tuesday – 1st May 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report8

                              Arnschwang, Germany wU6988
                    Kinley, Frank W.                      13 157 407    S/Sgt.   MOS 745       Code A3
                              Asnd & jd (Reld atchmt) from
                              Prinf Bn., 17th Reinf Depot per par 2
                              SO#23, 244th FA Bn. Race W.
                    Two Em Limited Assignment Personnel.

Tuesday – 1st May 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report9

                              Dofering, Germany wU5593
                    Davis, Wilson C. Sr.                  33 643 031    Pvt.     MOS 745      Code A3
                    Gonzelves, Joe E.                     39 422 465    Pvt.     MOS 951      Code A3
                    Rogers, Billy W.                       44 017 817    Pvt.     MOS 745      Code A3
                    Rohora, John                           33 895 639    Pvt.     MOS 745      Code A3
                               Above 4 EM asgd & jd (Reld stchmt)
                               from 53rd Reinf Bn. 17th Reinf Depot
                               per par 2, SO #23. Hq 244th FA Bn.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

Tuesday – 1st May 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report 10

                              Lixendofering Germany wU5592
                    Carasella, John J.                    36 674 552    Pvt.     MOS 745      Code A3 
                    Riccardi, August A.                  42 150 824    Pvt.     MOS 745      Code A3
                              Above 2 EM asgd & jd (Reld Atchmt) from
                              53rd Reinf Bn 17th Reinf Depot per par 2,
                              SO #23, Hq 244th FA Bn Race W
                    Davis, Trant E.                       38 446 696    Tec. 4   MOS 060      Code 11-4
                                                  Aptd S/Sgt per par 3, SO #23. Hq 244th FA Bn
                                                  MOS changed to 824
                    Stansfield, James C.                 37 354 931    Cpl.     MOS 055       Code 12-905
                               MOS changed to 405
                    Prince, George S.                     14 083 284    Pfc.     MOS 531       Code 12-345
                                                  MOS changed to 345
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Tuesday – 1st May 1945 Service Battery Morning Report11

                              Rhan, Germany wU5493
                    Middleton, Edward H.                  34 358 083    S/Sgt.
                              Sk in qrs LD to dy
                    Hooten, Arthur J.                        34 358 083    S/Sgt.
                    Jones, Robert J.                          39 059 246    Pfc.
                               Above two men aptd Tec 5 per par 3,
                               SO #23, HQ., 244th FA Bn.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Your First Box of Candy & Nuts                                         Eating eggs in
 Came. It sure was swell.                                                  Germany.
                                                                                   1 May 45
               Dear Mother, Dad and Peg,
                         Eggs, eggs – eggs – scrambled – upside down, downside up, hard boiled, soft boiled – but eggs, and we sure do love ‘em.  These chickens are really getting a work out.  We (5 officers) go through three or four dozen every night!!  When I get home I think nothing of six or eight eggs and a pound of bacon for breakfast.  All of us are feeling great – it’s been raining a lot the last week. In fact it snowed again yesterday.  Had nice V-Mail from you last night.  Glad to hear all’s well on the home front.  The war’s about over – over here.
                                                                     Love to all
                                                                               Tom.

Wednesday – 2nd May 194512

          Clearing the wooded area along the Czechoslovakian border, the 10th and 11th Infantry Regiments (5th Infantry Division) continued their advance in XII Corps zone.  While the 104th and 328th Infantry Regiments (26th Infantry Division) continued to advance east behind the 11th Armored Division, the 101st Infantry (26th Infantry Division) protected the corps right flank and cleared its zone to the Danube (Donau) River.  Relief of the 358th Infantry (90th Infantry Division) was instituted by elements of the 2nd Infantry Division (V Corps).  The 359th Infantry (90th Infantry Division) continued to clear wooded areas across the Czechoslovakian border, while the 357th Infantry (90th Infantry Division) maintained positions and patrolled to the east.  Combat Command “A” (11th Division) crossed the Muhl River at a ford in the vicinity of Neufelden (Austria) (Q60) and continued to advance southeast over poor roads, while Combat Command “B” (11th Armored Division) constructed a tread-way bridge over the Muhl River at Starz (Austria) (Q50) and crossed by the end of the period.  The 2nd Cavalry Group patrolled and maintained contact with the 5th and 90th Infantry Divisions, while the 4th Armored Division moved into assembly in the Diggendorf (Germany) (U83) – Regen (U95) area.

Wednesday – 2nd May 194513

     0745 – Battalion Commander, S-2 and Battery Commanders with their parties left on
               reconnaissance for new position area in the vicinity of Furth Germany.

     0900 – Battery “B” given Close Station, March Order preparatory to
               moving by vehicle to new position at Furth, Germany.

     1030 – Headquarters Battery departed for new position at Furth.  Battery
               “C” to move when Battery “B” is reported in position.

     1130 – Battery “A” reverted to Battalion control after completing its mission of battery
               coverage of 90th Infantry Division Zones.

     1140 – Battalion CP. And Fire direction Center established.

     1200 – Battalion relieved from attachment to 177th F.A. Group and attached to 142nd F.A.
               Group.  735th F.A. Battalion attached to Battalion.

     1330 – Battalion Commander and S-2 left for 90th Division Artillery.

     0001 – 2400 – Changed Battery “C” from CA 400 to DA 900 at 0700.  Two counter battery
                         missions and H & I on town of Lonesliea where considerable vehicular and
                         armored activity appeared to exist.  1515 – Battalion Commander and S-2
                         returned to Battalion CP.

Wednesday – 2nd May 194514

          Battalion departed Dofering Germany.

Wednesday – 2nd May 194515

          Furth (Furth im Wald, Germany), Italy Kaput – Battery ceased fire in E.T.O.

Wednesday – 2nd May 194516

          The Battalion, less Battery “A”, moved to new position in vicinity of Furth, Germany (wU7091), relieved of attachment to 177th Field Artillery Group and attaché to 182nd Field Artillery Group.  738th Field Artillery Battalion (8” How.) attached to Battalion.

     The Battalion fired on enemy tanks, vehicles, infantry, road blocks and CP’s.

Wednesday – 2nd May 194517

          The Battalion arrived Furth Germany

Wednesday – 2nd May 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report18

                              Furth, Germany wU7091
                    Carver, Robert H.                     34 421 760    S/Sgt.   MOS 288
                              MOS changed to 577.
          Departed Dofering, Germany wU5593 via
          Motor Convoy at 1030. Arrived present Sta 1150.
          Distance marched 23 mile.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Wednesday – 2nd May 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report19

                              Grasmannsdorf, Germany wU7189
          Departed Dofering, Germany wU5593 at
          1045, Via Motor Convoy, Arrived
          Present sta at 1300. Distance marched
          approximately 26 miles.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

Wednesday – 2nd May 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report20

                              Ober Rappendorf Germany wU7589
          Departed Lixendofering Germany via motor
          convoy at 1430 arr present Sta at 1545
          distance marched approximately 25 miles
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Wednesday – 2nd May 1945 Service Battery Morning Report21

                              Furth, Germany wU7091
          Departed Rhan, Germany wU5493 via motor
          Convoy at 1450. Arr present Sta 1815.
          Distance marched approximately 22 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Thursday – 3rd May 194522

          Positions of the 5th Infantry Division were consolidated and patrolled in XII Corps zone.  Following the 11th Armored Division the 104th and 328th Infantry Regiments (26th Infantry Division) continued to advance southeast.  While a screen along the north bank of the Danube (Donau) River was being maintained by the 101st Infantry (26th Infantry Division), the 38th Infantry (2nd Infantry Division) relieved the 359th Infantry (90th Infantry Division) in place and the 357th Infantry (90th Infantry Division) was relieved in place by the 9th Infantry (2nd Infantry Division).  The 90th Infantry Division began to reassemble.  Combat Command “B” (11th Armored Division) moved east, reaching Willersdorf (Austria) (V89), while Combat Command “A” (11th Armored Division) continued its advance to the southeast.  East of Deggendorf (Germany) (U83) the 4th Armored Division closed in an assembly area, while the 2nd Cavalry Group maintained positions and patrolled in zone.

Thursday – 3rd May 194523

     1015 – Battalion Exec left to inspect Service Battery.

     1045 – Battalion Exec returned to Battalion CP.

     1100 – Battalion Exec left to inspect Firing Batteries.

     1145 – Battalion Exec returned to Battalion CP.

     1330 – Battalion Commander and S-2 left for 90th Division Artillery and then will proceed
               to 735th F.A. Battalion.

     1400 – Anti-Aircraft Platoon relieve of attachment to Battalion and departed.

     1645 – Battalion Commander and S-2 returned to Battalion CP.

     0001 – 2400 – Fired on concentration of SS Troops reported in town of Brudeck.  Fired on                             concentration of enemy trucks and vehicles at (wP834291).  Fire for effect
                         was accurate – all activity cease – damage unknown.

Thursday – 3rd May 194524

          Battery “A” rejoined Battalion.

Thursday – 3rd May 194525

          Hitler Dead.

Thursday – 3rd May 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report26

                            Furth, Germany wU7091
          No Change
                    No limited assignment personnel

Thursday – 3rd May 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report27

                              Furth, Germany wU7191
          Departed Arnschwang, Germany wU6988
          at 0945. Via Motor Convoy. Arrived
          Present sta at 1015. Distance marched
          approximately 4 miles.
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

Thursday – 3rd May 1945 Service Battery Morning Report28

                              Furth, Germany wU7091
                    Falkenstein, Robert R.,               0 466 791       Capt.
                              Temp dy City Universitarie, Paris
                              France to dy.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Dear Family,
     The good news came over the radio last night – “Hitler is dead” it’s too bad we couldn’t have had him around for “a while” something should have really happened to him.  This morning all Germans in Italy and ½ of Austria gave up and Von Rundstedt was captured.  All of this is good news to us.  At any time we hope to hear the radio give us the word that the whole thing is over.  We are sweating out unavoidable accidents where someone might get hurt.  I sure want to come home.
     Would you believe it – it snowed almost all night and this morning on RSOR we all almost froze.  While staking in the position the snow was over my shoe pac.  It got a little warmer this afternoon – but still quite unlike last May in Augusta.  Gosh, but that was the best ever.
     The war is still going on here though.  While in RSOP we could hear Burp Guns and our 30’s going at it – over the hill in front of us.  Also a sound we hadn’t heard for some time – incoming mail.  It’s funny to see “new’ kids hear their first Jerry artillery.  It’s so distinctive – you never forget it.
                      I’ll write to you again in a few days.
                                     My love to one and all,
                                                    Your Son.

Friday – 4th May 194529

          An attack to the northeast was launched by the 2nd and 10th Infantry Regiments (5th Infantry Division) in XII Corps zone.  Consolidating positions, the 101st and 104th Infantry Regiments (26th Infantry Division) consolidated positions and patrolled the corps right flank.  Operational control of the 328th Infantry (26th Infantry Division) was taken over by the 11th Armored Division.  The 90th Infantry Division closed in assembly areas.  Combat Command “A” (11th Armored Division), with the 328th Infantry (26th Infantry Division) attached, continued to advance southeast, capturing the important city of Linz (Austria) (V88).  A bridge over the Danube (Donau) River northeast of Lintz (V88) was captured intact.  While Reserve Combat Command (11th Armored Division) moved to the vicinity of Zwettl (Austria) (Q80), Combat Command “B” continued its advance to the east and captured Kattstor, (Austria) (V99).  The 4th Armored Division remained in assembly area, and the 2nd Cavalry Group maintained positions, patrolling in zone.

Friday – 4th May 1945

          Elements of the 3rd U.S. Infantry Division moving into Berchtesgaden on 4 May 1945. The M4 Sherman tank of the 756th Tank Battalion was coming from Bischofswiesen to the north and had just passed through the small town of Stanggass. Photo taken here

Friday – 4th May 194530

     0750 – Battalion Commander, S-2 and Battery Commanders with their parties left Battalion
               CP on reconnaissance. Battalion Commander, 738th F.A. Battalion to join them and
               they will proceed on reconnaissance for new position areas in the vicinity of
               Ruharnefelden Germany.

     1100 – Battalion commander called by radio and gave message to Battalion Exec that the
               Battalion would probably move between 1300 and 1500 hours.

     1150 – Telephone message received from XII Corps Artillery by Battalion Executive stating
               that the Battalion and the 738th F.A. Battalion had road clearance at 1300 hours and
               would move at that time.  Batteries given Close Station, March Order.  Notified
               738th F.A. Battalion Exec to that effect.

     1310 – Battalion began move in two serials.  Ruhmensfelden, Germany.  Order of March:
               “B”, “C” lights – “A” “B” “C” heavies.  Cold.

     1640 – Battalion CP closed in new position at Ruharnefelden .  No Fire Direction Center to
               be established.

     1745 – Entire Battalion in position.  Communications established with all Batteries;
               738th F.A. Battalion and XII Corps Artillery.

     0001 – 2400 – No firing done by Battalion.  11th Panzer Division capture by 90th Infantry
                         Division.

Friday – 4th May 194531

          The Battalion and 738th Field Artillery Battalion moved to rendezvous area vicinity of Ruhmansfelden (wU8356) for through cleaning of material.

Friday – 4th May 194532

          The Battalion departed Furth Germany.

Friday – 4th May 194533

          The Battalion arrived Ruhmansfelden Germany.  By this time the war was grinding slowly to a close and the Battalion was moved on the 4th May to Ruhmansfelden where it was supposed to rest and wait for the end.  This was its first rest period since landing in France and was wonderful even though it only lasted for two days, before they were ordered to attack into Czechoslovakia.

Friday – 4th May 194534

          The Battalion fired on enemy tanks, vehicles, infantry, road blocks and CPs until 4th May 1945, together with the 738th Field Artillery Battalion (8” How.), which was attached to this Battalion from 2nd May to 4th May 1945.

Friday – 4th May 194535

          The Battalion arrived Ruhmensfelden Germany

Friday – 4th May 194536
          Byron G. Rogers, A Battery

          Ruhmensfelden where we were supposed to rest and wait for the war’s end.
     This was our first rest period since landing in France, and it was wonderful. It only lasted 2 days, and we were ordered to attack Czechoslovakia.

Friday – 4th May 194537

          Rumors fielding first time move into area without dropping trails, also living in houses

Friday – 4th May 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report38

                              Ruhmansfelden, Germany wU8456
          Departed Furth, Germany wU7091 via
          Motor Convoy 1315. Arrived present Sta
          1600. Distance marched 38 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Friday – 4th May 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report39

                              Auerbach, Germany wU8555
          Departed Furth, Germany wU7191 at
          1300 Via Motor Convoy. Arrived
          present sta at 1730. Distance marched
          approximately 40 miles.
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

Friday – 4th May 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report40

                           Ruhmansfelden, Germany wU8355
          Departed Grasmannsdorf, Germany wU7189
          At 1320. Via Motor Convoy. Arrived
          Present sta at 1635. Distance marched
          Approximately 44 miles.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

Friday – 4th May 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report41

                              Ruhmansfelden Germany wU8456
                    Dubay, Hetor A.                       51 471 493    Pvt.     MOS 531      Code J4A
                              Dy to lost to 315th Cearing Co NB
                              Wound lt leg (LD) Germany SSN 531(per par
                              3 – c Cir 33 TUSA dtd 27th Mar 45)
          Departed Ober Rappendorf Germany at 1300
          via motor convoy arr present Sta at 1630
          distance marched approximately 40 miles
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Friday – 4th May 1945 Service Battery Morning Report42

                              Ruhmansfelden, Germany wU8456
          Departed Furth, Germany wU7091 via Motor
          Convoy at 1325. Arr present Sta 1720.
          Distance marched approximately 36 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Sunday – 5th May 194543

          The advance to the northeast was continued by the 2nd and 10th Infantry Regiments (5th Infantry Division), while the 11th Infantry (5th Infantry Division) was relieved in position by the 101st Infantry (26th Infantry Division).  Reverting to division control from the 11th Armored Division, the 328th Infantry (26th Infantry Division) joined other elements of the division in assembly near Zwettl (Austris) (Q80).  As the 357th Infantry (90th Infantry Division) continued its attack northeast, the 358th Infantry moved out of assembly area and launched an attack late in the period on the right flank of the 357th Infantry.  Combat Command “A” and “B” (4th Armored Division) moved out of assembly positions to pass through elements of the 5th and 90th Infantry Divisions.  While Combat Command “A” (11th Armored Division) was enroute to an assembly area in the vicinity of Helimonso (Q80), Reserve Combat Command and the 41st Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron (11th Armored Division) sent patrols to the east and northeast.  Advancing north, the 2nd Cavalry Squadron (2nd Cavalry Group) occupied Klatovy (Czechoslovakia) (L00), while the 42nd Cavalry Squadron (2nd Cavalry Group) maintained positions and patrolled.

     All Third U.S. Army unite except those with V and XII Corps were limited to a daily gasoline drawing of fifty percent of their average draw for the period 26 April to 4 May. Units not requiring gasoline were not to draw any until further notice.

Saturday – 5th May 1945

        Soldiers from the 506th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne Division, walk along Maximilian Straße (former Adolf-Hitler-Straße) on 5 May 1945. The building in the background was marked Villa Graßl and is today the Café-Bistro Grassl. Photo taken here

Saturday – 5th May 194544

     0730 – Message received by phone from XII Corps Artillery relieving 738th F.A. Battalion
               from attachment to 244th F.A. Battalion.

     0830 – XII Corps Survey Control data 4th May 1945 receive.

     0950 – Battalion Commander left Battalion CP for XII Corps Artillery.

     1100 – Battalion Commander returned to Battalion CP.

     1200 – Receive XII Corps Survey Control dated 1st May 1945 from XII corps Artillery

     0001 – 2400 – Battalion spent period standing by, awaiting orders to move to new
                         positions following the 90th Infantry Division.

Saturday – 5th May 194545

     The Battalion to attack on _______ with mission of general support XII corps and reinforcing the fires of 90th Infantry Division.  738th Field Artillery Battalion were relieved of attachment to Battalion.

Saturday – 5th May 194546

     Austria surrenders

Sunday – 5th May 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report47

                              Auerbach, Germany wU8555
                    Savage, William U. (FA)               01 168 453    Capt.                                                                  Dy to temp dy UK approximately 3 days.
                    Kaylor, Bernard T. (FA)               01 172 948    1st Lt.
                               Assumes command in addition to other
                               duties.
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

Sunday – 5th May 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report48

                              Ruhemasfelden, Germany wU8355
                    Rice, Thomas O. Jr.                   35 849 597    Pvt.     MOS 641      Code AA
                              Reasgd (Prav drnd NBC) not yet jd from                                                                            Code 0405
                              Atchd unasgd 48th Reinf Bn. 17th Reinf
                              Depot per par 9, SO# 114 Hq 48th Reinf Bn
                              17th Reinf Depot. Race W. (FDCMR 4 May 45)
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

Sunday – 5th May 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report49

                              Ruhmansfelden Germany wU8456
                    Perfetti, Jphn P. (FA)                01 175 031    1st Lt.  MOS 1138     Code AA-6
                               Reasgd (Prev drpd sk LD) & jd from 315th
                               Clearing Co (per par 3-c (1) Cir 33 TUSA
                               dtd 27 mar 45) Princ dy 1193 (Ex O) Comp
                               AUS dat of rank 24 April 43 Race W
                    Hendry, Ernest (FA)                  01 176 997    2nd                                                                       From Princ dy 1193 (Ex O) to Princ dy
                               1183
                    Coony, Edward P. (FA)               0 556 728     2nd Lt.
                              From Princ dy 1183 (Rcn 0) to Princ dy
                                                  1183 (Asst Rcn 0)
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Sunday – 5th May 1945 Service Battery Morning Report50

                               Ruhemasfelden, Germany wU8456
                    Greer, Harry J. W2                    113 400        WOJG
                               Reld from command
                    Falkenstein, Robert R.                0 466 791     Capt.
                               Assumes command in addition to
                               other duties.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Sunday – 6th May 194551

          XII Corps (5th, 26th and 90th Infantry Divisions, 4th and 11th Armored Divisions and supporting troops) was to advance northeast to the general line Pilsen (xL04) – Ceske Budejovice, Budweis, (Q96), clear all enemy in its zone and be prepared to continue the advance to the east.
The average receipts of V-80 gasoline for the previous week was 555,880 gallons daily and the average issued 657,121 gallons, 101,241 gallons daily more than the receipts.  Because of increasing receipts and lessening demands, however, the gasoline situation was improving.

     In XII Corps zone the 2nd and 10th Infantry Regiments (5th Infantry Division) continued their advance.  The 101st and 104th Infantry Regiments (26th Infantry Division) continued to clear the enemy in their zone, while the 328th Infantry (26th Infantry Division) moved into blocking positions on the division right flank.  Following the 4th Armored Division, the 90th Infantry Division continued to advance in zone.  Advancing to the northeast, Combat Command “A” and Combat Command “B” (4th Armored Division) reached the restraining line which was their objective.  Reserve Combat Command (4th Armored Division) followed Combat Command “A”.  The 11th Armored Division patrolled in zone and maintained positions.  As the 2nd Cavalry Squadron (2nd Cavalry Group) continued clearing and screening the corps left flank, the 42nd Cavalry Squadron (2nd Cavalry Group) moved to positions to the northwest.

     The average receipts of V-80 gasoline for the previous week was 555,880 gallons daily and the average issued 657,121 gallons, 101,241 gallons daily more than the receipts.  Because of increasing receipts and lessening demands, however, the gasoline situation was improving.

Sunday – 6th May 194552

     0900 – Received from XII Corps Artillery, Overlay of Additional Check Points, 90th Infantry
               Division, dated 042300 May 1945.  Scale:  1/100,000 (2 Copies)

     0900 – Field Message No. 92, HQ, 90th Infantry Division, dated 050200 May 1945 with
               Operations Overlay.

     1745 – Received orders to move to new positions in the vicinity of Glaserwald
               Czechoslovakia.  Batteries given Close Station, March Order and told to report when                 ready to move.  Reconnaissance Parties to report to CP at once.

     1815 – Battalion commander with Battery Commanders and their parties left on
               reconnaissance for new position area.

     1845 – Battalion started to move to new position area.

     2200 – Battalion CP established at Pamferhutte Czechoslovakia.

     2215 – Battalion closed in rendezvous area at Pamferhutte Czechoslovakia.

Sunday – May 6th 194553

          The Battalion moved to rendezvous in vicinity of Ruhemasfelden Germany to rest and clean material, but was altered and move into Czechoslovakia on 6 May 1945 in support of 90th Infantry Division, Czechoslovakia but no rounds were fired.

Sunday – 6th May 194554

          The Battalion departed Ruhemasfelden Germany.

Sunday – 6th May 194555

          On the 6th of May we moved into Glaserwald in the Sudentenland.

Sunday – 6th May 194556

          The Battalion moved to rendezvous in the vicinity of Pamferhutte Czechoslovakia (xQ0275).

Sunday – 6th May 194557

          The Battalion arrived Pamferhutte Czechoslovakia

Sunday – 6th May 194558

          C.S.M.O. 6:45 on to Czechoslovakia, cross border and bivouac near
          Cisensteen (Eisenstein, Germany)

Colonel Davis Paper59

          We moved into Sudetenland, then on the seventh, into Hradek, Czechoslovakia, as part of the last active offensive corps of the last army in the ETO to be in action. On the eighth of May, the Czechs, now slowly freed from six years of Nazi domination, proved to be ideal V-E Day companions.  We were treated royally with flowers and flags descending on the battalion in showers.  Food and beer wore brought up to the jeeps and trucks, and we sorrowfully left the Czechs on the tenth of May to return to Germany and again take over security guard and government of the city of Cham and again take over the corps prisoner of war enclosure.  Like good movie-goers, we knew the show was going to end because this was where we had come in.  I was transfer at that time to corps headquarters in corps Artillery.  Major Clarke took over the battalion.  He was the executive officer all through this, yes.  That’s about it.

Sunday – 6th May 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report60

                              Pamferhutte, Czechoslovakia xQ0276
          Departed Ruhemasfelden, Germany 1900 via
          Motor Convoy. Bivouacked present Sta 2130.
          Distance marched 31 miles
          No limited assignment personnel

Sunday – 6th May 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report61

                              Pamferhutte, Czechoslovakia xQ0275
          Departed Auerbach, Germany wU8555 at 1916
          via Motor Convoy. Arrived present sta at
          2230.Distance marched approximately
          32 miles.
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

Sunday – 6th May 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report62

                              Pamferhutte, Czechoslovakia xQ0275
          Departed Ruhmansfelden, Germany wU8355 at
          1845. Via Motor Convoy. Arrived present sta
          at 2130. Distance marched approximately
          30 miles.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

Sunday – 6th May 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report63

                              Pamferhutte Czechoslovakia xQ0275
          Departed Ruhemasfelden Germany via motor
          convoy at 1900 arr present Sta at 2200
          distance marched approximately 27 miles
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Sunday – 6th May 1945 Service Battery Morning Report64

                            Pamferhutia, Czechoslovakia xQ0275
                  Paulvner, Willier A.                  34 339 404    Tec.                                                                      Dy to sk in qrs (LD)
          Departed Ruhemasfelden, Germany wU8456
          via Motor convoy at 1845. Arr present
          Sta 2130. Distance marched approximately
          28 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Monday – 7th May 194565

7-8 MAY (Including period to 0001 9 MAY D +335-336)

          A TWX was received from GENERAL DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, Supreme Allied Commander, which terminated the European war.  It stated:

     “1. A REPRESENTATIVE OF THE GERMAN HIGH COMMAND SIGNED THE UNCONDITIONAL SURRENDER OF ALL GERMAN LAND, SEA, AND AIR FORCES IN EUROPE TO THE ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORGE AND SIMULTANEOUSLY TO THE SOVIET HIGH COMMAND AT 0141 HOUHS CENTRAL EUROPEAN TIME, 7 MAY UNDER WHICH ALL FORGES WILL CEASE ACTIVE OPERATIONS AT 0001 B HOURS 9 MAY.

     “2. EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY ALL OFFENSIVE OPERATIONS BY ALLIED EXPEDITIONARY FORGE WILL CEASE AND TROOPS WILL REMAIN IN PRESENT POSITIONS.  MOVES INVOLVED IN OCCUPATIONAL DUTIES WILL CONTINUE.  DUE TO DIFFICULTIES OF COAWUNIGATION THERE MAY BE SOME DELAY IN SIMILAR ORDERS REACHING ENEMY TROOPS SO FULL DEFENSIVE PRECAUTIONS WILL BE TAKEN.

     “3. ALL INFORMED DOWN TO AND INCLUDING DIVISIONS, TACTICAL AIR COMMANDS AND GROUPS, BASE SECTIONS, AND EQUIVALENT.  NO REPEAT NO RELEASE WILL BE MADE TO THE PRESS PENDING AN ANNOUNCEMENT BY THE HEADS OF THE THREE GOVERNMENTS”.

     Only infrequent, small fire fights were encountered by Third U.S. Army’s advancing columns as the enemy continued to surrender in large numbers.  Patrols made contact with Russian forces in the vicinity of Amstetten (Austria) (W37).  The Commanding General of German Army Group South surrendered all troops under his command to the Commanding General of XX Corps.  The enemy garrison at Lorient (France) (G72) surrendered on 7 May and the garrison at St. Nazaire (France) (N56) on 8 May.

     Meantime, Letter of Instructions Number Twenty-two was received from Twelfth U.S. Army Group, giving in part the following information and orders:

      “2. a. (1) 12th Army Group continuing the defense along the line of the Mulde and Elbe Rivers in zone north of Chemnitz (Germany) will advance to the line Enn’s River – Budejovice – Pilsen – Karlsbad – Chemnitz prepared for further advance to the east on this front.

              (2) 12th Army Group will reorganize immediately in order to release First Army Headquarters and Special Troops and dispose itself for the occupation of its zones in Germany and Austria under Eclipse conditional.

          b. Third Army.

               (1) Advance to the line Enns River – Budejovice – Pilsen – Karlsbad and be prepared
                    for further advance to the east.

               (2) Transfer to Ninth Army without delay those portions of Kurhessen, Nassau and
                    Hessen now in Third Army zone and one infantry division, with normal
                    attachments.

               (3) Take over V Corps and supporting troops in place from First Army, (see
                    par 3. a. (1)).

     A Letter of Instruction was sent to the 33rd Field Artillery Brigade which stated in part:

      “1. Effective at once the 33rd FA Brig, with attached troops, will constitute the Army
            Agency responsible for:

            a. Collecting, protecting, supplying, administering and evacuating all Allied Prisoners
                of War and civilian internees within the Army area, coordinating with the Army G-1.

            b. Collecting, guarding and protecting displaced parsons within the Army area,
                coordinating with the Army G-5.

            c. Where such responsibilities have been specifically delegated to other commands
                in designated areas the 33d FA Brig will supervise, coordinate and inspect such
                activities.

      ”2. General Instructions.

            a.  Allied Prisoner of War installations will be established when necessary and serviced
                 in accordance with Standing Operating Procedure No. 58, 3 April 1945,
                 Headquarters, ETO, US Army, and letter this headquarters, file AG 6 GNMCA-4,
                 26 April 1945, subject: “Processing of Recovered Allied Military Personnel.”

            b.  Civilian Internment Camps will be established and serviced in accordance with
                 unnumbered publications, this headquarters, subject: “Internment Camps”.

            c.  (1) Displaced Persons will be collected and placed in temporary camps when
                     necessary and will be evacuated to permanent camps in accordance with
                     directives of Military Government.

                 (2) Camps will be guarded to enforce the “stay put” policy.

                 (3) Camps will be placed off limits, and the entry of unauthorized persons
                      prevented.

                 (4) Camps will be supplied and administered where necessary due to the absence
                      of Military Government personnel and facilities for that purpose.”

Monday – 7th May 194566

     0810 – Battalion Commander and Battery Commanders left on reconnaissance for new
               position in the vicinity of Hradek, Czechoslovakia.

     0900 – Battalion began move to Hradek, Czechoslovakia.

     1210 – Battalion closed in new position at Hradek, Czechoslovakia.

     0001 – 2400 – German radio announce unconditional surrender to Allies.

Monday – 7th May 194567

          The Battalion departed Pamferhutia Czechoslovakia.

Monday – 7th May 194568

          The Battalion arrived Hradek Czechoslovakia.  The Battalion moved into Hradek Czechoslovakia as part of the last active offensive Corp of the last Army in the ETO to be in action.

          From Koblenz and the Rhine crossing at the upper left, the black line leads to  Czechoslovakia and ends in Cham Germany

        Caption reads – May 1945, Going through Susice Czechoslovakia to Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia) Population Waving Us On

        Caption reads – May 1945 Susice Czechoslovakia – Capuchin Father

        Caption reads – May 1945 vicinity of Hradek Czechoslovakia – 155mm Gun (Long Tom) going into firing position for last time – notice gun crew riding on top of M-4 Tractor

Monday – 7th May 194569

          The Battalion moved to positions in the vicinity of Hradek (xQ1889).

Monday – 7th May 194570

          The Battalion arrived Hradek, Czechoslovakia

Monday – 7th May 194571
          Byron G. Rogers, A Battery

          On May 7, 1945, we went into Hradek, Czechoslovakia as part of the last active offensive campaign in the European Theater Operation.

Note – Headquarters upper echelon stayed in this castle.

Monday – 7th May 194572

          Arrived Suicse (Sušice Czechoslovakia) what a reception into position in Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

        Caption reads – May 1945 Susice Czechoslovakia, native girl hurdling geese, Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

        Caption reads – May 1945, Susice Czechoslovakia – Herding of geese Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

Monday – 7th May 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report73

                              Hradek, Czechoslovakia wQ1889
          Departed Pamferhutte, Czechoslovakia wQ0276
          via Motro Convoy at 0900. Arrived
          present Sta 1100. Distance marched 20
          miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Monday – 7th May 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report74

                              Tedrazice, Czechoslovakia xQ2089
          Departed Pamferhutte, Czechoslovakia xQ0275
          At 0915, Via Motor Convoy. Arrived present
          sta at 1130. Distance marched approximately
          25 miles.
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

          Able Battery last gun emplacement.  Looking east to west.  The building in the background is Kostel sv. Vavřince.  This is the location of the 244th Memorial Plaque.  The farm field the guns are located in was owned by Mr. Miloslav Vesely.

          Able Battery gun – Mr. Jakub Vesely son of Miloslav Veselý whos field Able Battery guns were located.  Tedražice 40, Hrádek, Czechia.  

Note on the two photos above – In the first phot, Mr. Miloslav Veselý is the grandfather of Marta, Jan Tuma’s wife.  Mr. Jakub Vesely who is atop the Long Tom is the father of Marta Tuma.

When Jan Tuma found this photo he began to look for information about the photo which led him to the 244th website and myself.  Together, we have enabled the memory of the 244th to be international.

Monday – 7th May 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report75

                              Tedrazice, Czechoslovakia xQ2090
                    Thomas J. Mclaughlin (FA)             01 177 083    2nd Lt.               Code 11-F
                              Aptd 1st Lt per par 1, SO #119 Hq Third
                              U.S Army 1 May 45.
          Departed Pamferhutte, Czechoslovakia
          wQ0275 at 0900, Via Motor Convoy. Arrived
          present sta at 1145. Distance marched
          approximately 23 miles.
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

          Baker Battery last gun emplacement.  Looking west to east. Tedražice

Monday – 7th May 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report76

                              Susice  Czechoslovakia 4 mi NW
                    Kellam, Walter S.                     33 612 541    Pfc.     MOS 641      Code J4V
                                                  Dy to sk (LD) 46th Clearing Co NB loss
                                                  Czechoslovakia SSN 641 (Per Par 3-a Cir
                                                  33 TUSA dtd 27 Mar 45)
          Departed Pamferhutte Czechoslovakia via
          Motor convoy at 0900 arr present Sta at
          1115 distance marched approximately 28
          miles
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

          Charley Battery last gun emplacement.  Looking from east to west. Tedražice

          Charley Battery last gun emplacement.  Looking from south to north from highway 1698. Tedražice

          The three circles to the left are in Hrádek u Sušice. The three circles on the right are in Tedražice.

        Caption reads – 1 of 9 Digging in final week of the war,
Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

          Caption reads – 2 of 9 Digging in final week of the war,
Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

          Caption reads 3 of 9 Digging in final week of the war,
Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

          Caption reads 4 of 9 Digging in final week of the war,
Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

          Caption reads 5 of 9 Digging in final week of the war,
Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

          Caption reads 6 of 9 Digging in final week of the war,
Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

          Caption reads 7 of 9 Digging in final week of the war,
Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

          Caption reads 8 of 9 Digging in final week of the war,
Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

          Caption reads 9 o 9 Digging in final week of the war,
Tedricze (Tedražice Czechoslovakia)

Monday – 7th May 1945 Service Battery Morning Report77

                              Hredek, Czechoslovakia xQ1889
          Departed Pamferbutte, Czechoslovakia wQ0275
          via Motor Convoy at 0900. Arr present Sta
          1100. Distance marched approximately 20
          miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

Chow Time,
Tedrazice

Cleanup,
Tedrazice

No Caption
ETO the dog, Soldier Unknown Tedražice

Caption Reads –
“Big Stoop Lucas.”
Pfc. Robert W. Lucas

No Caption

No Caption

Monday – 7th May 1945Chronicle from Kostel sv. Vavřince
          5/7/45 Cpl. J. T. Hardaway, Battery C. 244th F. A.
          5/7/45 Pvt. J. E. Evans, Battery C. 244th F. A.
                    Pfc. Kenneth J. Warden, Battery C. 244th F. A.
                    Cpl. John C. Lindsay, Battery C. 244th F. A.
                          Zachardone Risine (Czechoslovakian)
                          Tomesfrant (Czechoslovakian)
          Thomas B. Marriott 1st Lt. F. A.
                           7 May 45

Note on the Chronicle from Kostel sv. Vavřince and Jan Tůma – I had been in contact with the National Archives, Carlisle Barracks and an archivist mentioned to me that someone from the Czech Republic had been looking for the same information.  Several months later Jan contacted me via email.  Jan had gotten the 244th email address from the 244th website that had just gone live.  On reading the email I believed it to be a scam of some kind and ignored it all together.  The next email from Jan contained the Chronicle from Kostel sv. Vavřince with my fathers extremely distinctive signature.  You can see his signature on the center of the left page.  “Thomas B. Marriott 1st Lt. F. A”.  Since that time Jan and I have worked together to honor the memory of the 244th here and in the Czech Republic.  

Tuesday – 8th May 194579

          The Battalion received, “CEASE FIRING – END OF WAR IN ETO”

Tuesday – 8th May 1945
          Award of the Bronze Star Metal, First Oak Leaf Cluster, Citation

No Caption – Battery B, Tedražice Czechoslovakia

No Caption – Battery B, Tedražice Czechoslovakia

Tuesday 8th May 194580

0001 – 2400 – Battalion told to do only duties necessary.  Celebrate V – E Day.  Battalion                              commander commended each Battery separately at a Battery Formation.

Tuesday 8th May 194581

          War is over in ETA

Tuesday 8th May 194582

          The Czechs newly freed from six years of Nazi domination, proved to be idea V-E Day companions in the peace celebration.  We were treated royally with flowers and flags descending on the Battalion in showers.

No Caption – Battery B, ETO the dog makes new friends, Tedražice Czechoslovakia

No Caption – Battery B, Tedražice Czechoslovakia

No Caption- Battery B man. Tedražice Czechoslovakia

Left Tec-4 Leuois C. Blizzard, Headquarters Battery, Right unknown. Location unknown

Caption Reads – 
L to R. Tec/5 Earl E. Keener, Cpl. Dudley J. Chandler, Miff Grepe, 1st. Lt. Jacob W. Shinaberry and ETO the dog, Tedražice Czechoslovakia

No Caption – Tedražice Czechoslovakia

        L to R. Tec-5 Earl E. Keener, Cpl. Dudley J. Chandler, Miff, Grepe, 1st. Lt. Jacob W. Shinaberry, And Eto The Dog

        No caption – Tedražice Czechoslovakia

        No caption – ETO the dog and friends. Tedražice Czechoslovakia

Tuesday – 8th May 194583

          The Czechs were freed from six years of Nazi domination, proved to be idea V-E Day companions in the peace celebration.  We were treated royally with flowers and flags descending on the Battalion in showers.

Caption Reads – 
Smith and Smith, HQ-Battery. Hrádek u Sušice Czechoslovakia

Caption Reads –
Pfc. Robert A. Coble and Edwards Battery B. Hrádek u Sušice Czechoslovakia

Caption Reads – 
Joe, Bill, Coble, Ed, Battery-B. Hrádek u Sušice Czechoslovakia

Caption Reads – Chic. Tedražice Czechoslovakia

Tuesday – 8th May 194584
          Byron G. Rogers, A Battery

          On May 8, 1945, the war was over.  We were in Prague, Czechoslovakia. We were shouting, laughing, crying, and hugging each other and thanking God for saving us.  Ours was the last military group engaged in action throughout Europe when the ceasefire occurred.

     The Czechs, newly freed from years of Nazi domination proved to be ideal VE Day companions in the celebration. We were treated like royals, with flowers, and flags descending on our battalion in showers.

          Hrádek u Sušice, outsied Headquarters (Zámek Hrádek) building with the towns people dressed in their finest. The building in the background has been torn down.

          In Hrádek u Sušice the towns people dressed in their finest, invite the 244th to celebrate with them.

Caption reads – Pfc. Frank J. McDaniel, HQ Battery. Hrádek u Sušice Czechoslovakia

Tuesday – 8th May 194585

          Hooray!  It’s all over.  Now we can go home. May 8, 1845

Tuesday – 8th May 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report86

                              Hradek, Czechoslovakia xQ1889
          No Change
                    No limited assignment personnel

Tuesday – 8th May 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report87

                               Susice Czechoslovakia 4½ mi NW
                    Hendry, Ernest FA                     01 176 997    2nd Lt.               Code 11-E
                               Aptd 1st Lt per par 1, SO #119 hq TUSA, 1
                               May 1945
                    One Limited Assignment Personnel

Tuesday – 8th May 1945 Service Battery Morning Report88

                              Hradek, Czechoslovakia xQ1889
                    Paulioner, William W.                 34 330 424     Tec. 4
                                                  Sk in qrs LD to dy
                    No limited assignment personnel

          No. 1 gun Baker Battery end of war photo – Tedražice Czechoslovakia

          Rough House gun No. 3 Baker Battery end of war photo and friends 
Tedražice Czechoslovakia

          Rough House gun No. 3, Baker Battery at the end of war with their new friends, Mr. Herman and his two sons Josef and Ladislav form Tedražice.

          Caption reads – No. 4 gun Section Battery B and ETO the dog.  Tedražice Czechoslovakia

     Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force
          Subject: Victory Order of the Day
SHAEF RELEASE No. 1453, 8th May 1945
     1945 VICTORY ORDER OF THE DAY
          Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Dearest Family,
     It’s all over!!  It’s a grand feeling and all of us are feeling simply marvelous.  Never doubted for a second that I’ll see the end of the war, I admit there were seconds that had me a little worried.  Our next move is something that we’re waiting to hear about now.  Know you all are as happy as I am.   My love to all,
                                     Your
                                              Son.

Dear Family,
     These last two days have been heavenly – the sun is out.  The last two weeks have been cold and wet, and it made our life rather miserable.  We have been on the move.  Cleaning up areas of resistance.  A couple of days ago, while in an assembly area, 16 Germans walked up and surrendered.  There were 10 officers (a Lt.Col. also) all of whom had pistol.  I got a nice little 7.65 Mauser from the Col. (.32 Cal.).  A week or so ago three of us chased three Jerrys half a mile before we caught them.  One of them (a 1st Lt.) kid, but a well-placed shot brought him out, “Hande hoch”.  I got another pistol form him. The 1st. Sgt (oberfeldwebel) had a new .25 cal. auto which I also got – I later sold it for $40.00.  I’m not collecting souvenirs – all I want out of this war is a memory.  I do have a couple of flags and an officer’s sword,
though.
     The sun is so hot, sitting here in the car that I’ve worked up my first sweat in months.  Feels kind
of good though.  Guess I can take off my wool undershirt.  Can’t get over it, its over – finis, fertiey, enbed – etc. – -.  Gosh – can’t go on – Imagine – we’ve ended the war in Europe!!
Got to write Jane.  More later on.
                                                             Love to all,
                  Tom.

Caption reads – Tec/5 Hal Metheny V-E Day Tedražice Czechoslovakia

Caption reads – Pfc. Joseph P. Moosey and Tec/5 Harold D. Metheny V-E Day
Tedražice Czechoslovakia

          Harold Metheny letter to parents from Europe

        Tec/5 Hal Metheny taken V-E day. Caption reads “good luck, Joe Joe Moosey.”
Tedražice Czechoslovakia

          Caption reads – “Cute EH.” Sušice next to the town square V.E. day.

        Caption reads – May 1945, People in native dress celebrating the end of war V-E Day. Sušice 

          Sušice town square V-E Day. Taken from the roof of the Hotel Fialka

        No Caption – Sušice 

        Baker Battery Staff car.  The Staff car, Officers and enlisted men became an instant attraction to all.  Duker, Cpl. Grace, VE-Day from roof of the Hotel Fialka Sušice

Wednesday – 9th May 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report89

                              Tedrazice, Czechoslovakia xQ2089

                    Blanchurd, Samuel A.                  31 471 649    Pvt.                  Code 11
                    Campbell, Douglas E.                  36 273 106    Pvt.                   Code 11
                    Franklin, George R.                     34 837 259    Pvt.                  Code 11
                    Fritz, James M.                          36 990 846     Pvt.                  Code 11
                    Harriger, Donald E.                     42 146 850     Pvt.                  Code 11
                    Bryin, Ralph E.                           37 645 190     Pvt.                  Code 11
                    Resey, Loyde R.                          35 240 536     Pvt.                  Code 11
                    Rice, Richard T.                          42 136 541     Pvt.                  Code 11
                    Sells, Wayne L.                           37 751 067     Pvt.                  Code 11
                    Smith, Harold M.                         35 420 471     Pvt.                  Code 11
                                 Above 10 EM aptd Pfc. per par1, SO#14 this
                                 Btry 5 May 45
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Wednesday – 9th May 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report90

                              Tedrazice, Czechoslovakia xQ2090
                    Goodman, Robert L.                    33 805 607    Tec.5    MOS 641      Code AA
                               Reasgd (Prev drpd as NBC) & jd from atchd
                               unasgd 48th Reinf Bn. 17th Reinf Depot
                               per par 4, SO #124 Hq 48th Reinf Bn.
                               Race W.
                    Rice, Thomas D. Jr.                     35 849 597    Pvt.
                               Jd (re remark M?R 5 May 45)
                    Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

Wednesday – 9th May 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report91

                              Susice Czechoslovakia 4½ mi NW
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

 Service Battery Morning Report92

                              Hradek, Czechoslovakia xQ1889
                    Galway, Richard E.                    0 347 043     Capt.
                              Temp dy Paris, France to dy 
                    Falkenstein, Robert R.                0 466 791     Capt.
                               Reld from command

        Air Strip Tedražice letište redo referred to in the Chronicle written by the town elder which reads  “and two, three or four planes arrived shortly afterwards.”  Again, you can see the Kostel sv. Vavřince in the background which is the location of the plaque honoring the 244th.

          Caption reads – “Two Czechoslovakian friends. She washed my cloths. You can see them on the fence. Their son took this picture, an amateur photographer.”  L to R, Pfc. Joseph P. Moosey, Mrs. Karolina Jílek and her husband Vojtěch Jílek.

         Caption reads – “The old lady and her son.”  L to R, Pfc. Joseph P. Moosey, Mrs. Karolina Jílek and her son Josef Jílek who took the first photo.

Note on the two photos above. -Kamila Jilek is the Tuma families  great-aunt and Jindrich Bejbl was her father and the Chronicle.  Mr. Bejbls Chronicle is shown below.

Dear Family,
   Another day of just sitting around.  We had a holiday yesterday, and we’re kind of extending it to cover as many days as we can.  It’s so nice out.  The sun is bright and hot and the sky is clear.  A great many of the men are off fishing, swimming, playing ball or getting cleaned up to go to the local dance.  They get quite a kick out of these people.  They treat us very nice – and we are kind of a side – show for the whole country side.  In just a few minutes I’ve got to check the machine gun section equipment & see how much is missing.
     Had a victory dinner last night at the Bn. CP. Col. D. had Corps fire direction, and an 8” gun Bn officers as company.  We all had a lot to eat and drink.  A lot of steam was let off too.  Love to all,
                                                                    Tom.

Thursday – 10th May 1945

        Cpl. William C. Strang from Oreville California, letter home referring to Hradek u Susice letter

          Preparing to close trails. Last gun emplacement Hrádek u Sušice Czechoslovakia May 1945

          Battery B – closing trails. S/Sgt Arthur J. Pelchat, Pfc. Harren O’Neal, Pfc. Norber B. Schulte, Pfc Daniel J. Cylkowaki, Cpl. Norbert B. Schult, Tedražice

        Caption reads – Tedražice

        Caption reads – Tedražice

          Battery B – Almost ready to leave Tedražice

          Towns people, friends of the 244th, look on as the piece is prepared to move.  The man on the left with arms folded is Mr. Jakub Vesely, Tedražice 40, Hrádek, Czechia and the artillery was in his field.

          Aggravator III is ready to leave Tedražice.  One last photo.

Thursday – 10th May 194593

          The Battalion departed Hradek Czechoslovakia.

          The Battalion with Baker Battery here leavens Hrádek and Tedražice moving through Sušice passing on the east side of city hall.

Thursday – 10th May 194594

          We sorrowfully left the Czechs on the 10th of May to return to Germany and take over the security guard and government of the City of Cham and the Corps PWE.  Like good movies goers we knew the show was finished because this was where we came in.  Here Colonel Davis was transferred to Corps Headquarters and Major Carey A. clark took over the reins fo the Battalion.

     Soon spit and polish, points, and sweating out the States, CBI or Occupation Troops became our main Concern.

Comment on the Chronicle below – by Jan Tuma

          The Czech language that the South Bohemian local (who was 80 in 1945) is using in the chronicle was much archaic even in the year 1945.  Several wordings are untranslatable due to this and had to be paraphrased in order to keep their meaning.  Some sentences do not make sense even in Czech, however I tried to keep wording as original as possible.

     Please, note, that the South Bohemian gentleman describes the facts which surprised him.  The American soldiers were fully supplied, they did not take any food from the locals, they were only buying (!) eggs.  To understand this, we have to be aware of the fact that this gentleman was born in Bohemian Kingdom, part of Austro-Hungarian Empire in the year 1865, the last year of the American Civil War.  He was one year old when the Czech country was plundered by the armies of the Prussian-Austrian war, and he was 53 when the WW I ended.  It was natural during his entire life that the armies always commandeered food, grain, hay, horses, cattle and wagons from the villagers to feed their soldiers in time of war.

This is the original copy of  the Chronicle with translation below – by Jan Tuma

                                                      America
   James H. Cappa                            May 8, 1945
   Juanita Dell Cappa                Marion, Indiana
   Rosalie Cappa                      Jeffersonville, Kentucky
   Warren H. Myers                   Dillsburg, Pa.
   Marry E. Myers                     R.F.D. # 3, Written on May 8th (handwriting of the Czech local)
   William D. Sherman               RFD #1,  Newville, PA
   Rosa J. Sherman                   RFD #1,  Newville, PA
   William D. Sherman, Jr.          RFD #1,  Newville, PA
          „These signatures are written by soldiers of the US Army part of which was based on the fields of the Tedražice village, South, East and also West of it.  It can not be written how many men there could be as small cars were cruising all the time long between us (i.e. our village) and Sušice without interruption. The only thing one can say is that there were eight guns, all of them the long-range ones.  Namely: four guns on the large field above the houses No. 62, 63 and 64. Other guns were placed beside woodshed and horse barn of the farm, house number 1, owned by the widow and sons of Mr. Jos. (Josef) Mašek. There were three guns on this estate and another one on the Jakub Veselý estate No. 40, opposite the Zdouň church. Troops did not care for the cornfields, terribly heavy caterpillar tanks (literally mentioned) and small as well as large cars – there was no cornfields  anymore but hard roads – and two, three or four planes arrived shortly afterwards. One can not describe how it had all been. The soldiers were provided with everything they needed from the smallest to the largest, one can not quantify how many cigarettes and chocolates they distributed among the people here…“
          (end page 1)

     „…they were fully supplied, they did not take any food from the locals, they were only buying eggs. One have to add to their honor and glory that they have treated the local people generally polite. Best of all is that since the ancient creation of the world it never happened so that the young soldiers of America danced in Tedražice in the pub of Emanuel Šafránek, house No. 33. How kind they were, and how they loved to dance, and local citizens favored them, everyone was glad to see them happy. In this time of war, while we were surrounded by German murderers and robbers, a genuine army fights always only against its opponent, but here in the forests of Šumava the German rabble was  withstanding. Every German believes that only Germans were created to rule the world. For the citizens of Tedražice this was the most critical time as since May 6 morning cannon shot followed one by one.  Between Hartmanice and Sušice the Germans built many roadbarriers which had to be strafed. German rabble again rambled through the woods. In the evening, after nine o´clock the four men with their women escaped from the Hrádek village to Tedražice and hid in the house close to the mill. They said the Germans arrived to Hrádek, it was a chaos, everyone took only the most important things, locked the door and ran away. I had to laugh at the woman’s valor, but suddenly,…“.
          (end page 2)

     „…, in the worst time for all women, a runner came to inform us that someone of the Hrádek village phoned to Sušice to ask for a military support. The fact that the US Army is entering Sušice was already known thus women could boldly go to their beds.  And the following day, Monday, May 7th, the Americans arrived. Their arrival entailed the end of all this adversity and our suffering from the German domination. The beginning of the German governance in 1939 caused troubles and affliction to all locals, especially to the owners of land and estates. It was good luck for the Tedražice villagers that Mr. Karel Železný, house No. 5,  was elected a mayor.  This man behaves right in all aspects, he is resolute, protects poor people being aware that the people are not equal, and those poor are not guilty of their status. And as I am 80 years old I was happy that he (the mayor) could dance with the Americans in the „U Šafránků“ pub. There was a band and the local musicians played the music, and this is how the band was set up: a long clarinet – someone of the Špička family, violin – Tomáš Děkan, accordion – Karel Ryba, hurdy gurdy – Valdemar Krejčí, drum – Josef Koubenka, a keeper of those without property and head of the municipal house of the poor. I saw how happy is everybody and I personally asked the mayor to celebrate this particular day every single year since there are not many villages in which the locals could dance with the Americans. The Americans left on May 10th, but the planes are still here.“ (end)

Note on the above Chronicle – The 244th is credited with liberating Hrádek and Tedražice.  Because of the movements of XII Corps in Patton’s Third Army it was not at all uncommon for an artillery unit like the 244th to arrive at a town or village in their direction of movement and have to clear it of German soldiers.  When a new gun emplacement was located and established the 244th acted as an infantry unit securing the buildings and woods in the areas around the unit.

Thursday – 10th May 194595

          The Battalion arrived Cham Germany.  The Battalion took over the security guard and government of the City of Cham and the CORPS PWE.  Colonel Davis was transferred to Corps Headquarters and Major Carey A. Clark took over the reins of the Battalion.  Soon spit and polish and sweating out the States CBI or Occupation Troops became our main concern.

Thursday – 10thMay 194596
          Byron G. Rogers, A Battery

          On May 10, 1945, we returned to Germany to take over the security guard and government of the city of Cham.  After the war was over, our battalion was in Cham, Germany.  Bill Morris and I were sent to take 2 truckloads of POW’s to Hamburg, Germany.  It was a long way, and we had to spend the night going and coming back.  The first night going, we stayed in our trucks to keep an eye on the prisoners.  The war was over, and we were taking them back to the area they were from. I don’t think they would have escaped, but who knew.

     After we delivered them and started back to Cham, we stopped late that evening at a house that had an old barn nearby.  We thought we might be able to stay in the barn for the night.  An old man came out, insisting we come in and stay in the house with him and his wife.  We didn’t know if we should or not, and Bill left it up to me.  The man informed us the road signs had been turned around, or removed completely, and we would never find our way back to Cham in the dark, so we decided to stay.  They fed us a good meal, and we tried to tell them we would stay in the barn, but they gave us a room with two beds, and told us to sleep there.  The beds had big feather mattresses, and we slept some.  I had my gun cocked, and I didn’t take my finger off the trigger all night.  Neither did Bill.  The couple fixed us a good breakfast the next morning, and we thanked them and left.  Bill & I decided before leaving it would be a good idea not to tell anyone at the camp where we had stayed, and headed back to Cham.

Thursday – 10th May 194597

          Left Czechoslovakia arrived Furth (Furth im Wald, Germany) rendezvous and on to Cham (Germany), slept two nights in field

10th May 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report98

                              Cham, Germany wU5880
                              Medical Det this Bn relieved from atchd
                              for administration only 9 May 45
          Departed Hradek, Czechoslovakia xQ1889
          via Motor Convoy at 1030. Distance marched 60
          miles.

          The 244th HQ building, the center of the photo with two chimneys. The Schwager Villa as it was known was owned by a Jewish family, the Schwagers’.  The Nazis took it and the Schwager Villa became a German Army induction station.  More about the family at this address.

           The Schwager Villa, second from left.  Enlargement of above. M4 Tractors and 155mm M1A1’s in front

           The Schwager Villa.  This prewar photo is from the Shwager family

           The Schwager Villa.  Aerial view overlaid onto Google maps

           The Schwager Villa.  The large field just above the villa, now a Hospital, is the location of many 244th photos.

Thursday – 10th May 1945 Battery “A” Morning Report99

                              Cham, Germany wU5880
          Departed Tedrazice, Czechoslovakia xQ2089
          At 1030 via Motor Convoy. Arrived present Sta
          at 1630 Distance marched approximately 59
          miles.
                    2 EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Thursday – 10th May 1945 Battery “B” Morning Report100

                              Cham, Germany 2000 Yds SW wU5779
          Departed Tedrazice, Czechoslovakia xQ2090
          at 1030. Via Motor Convoy. Arrived present
          sta at 1640. Distance marched approximately
          60 miles.
                   Two EM Limited Assignment Personnel.

     Caption Reads –
          “Baker Battery.”
     This is just across the street from the Schwager Villa, HQ.  It was housing and work space for Baker Battery upper echelon.  In this photo there are wires running form the open top right window to across the street as well as wires from that open window down to the first floor window.

     In 2018 I spoke with the owner who was a baby during the war.  He said the roof was damaged from AAF during a bombing on the rail yards.  Dabber was lifted and went through the roof.  That all he remembers being told.

     He said the other building in the photo next to his house was demolished years ago.  That building is in the next photo.

          Caption reads -. “No. 1 gun section Baker Battery lived here.”

          The remainder of Baker Battery lived here.  2000 Yds SW wU5779

Thursday – 10th May 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report101

                              Cham Germany wU5880
          Departed Susice Czechoslovakia 4½ mi N.W.
          via motor convoy at 1030 arr present Sta
          at 1630 distance marched approximately 56
          miles.
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

          Headquarters, Able Battery, Charley Battery and Service Battery – Able Acres.  wU5880

Thursday – 10th May 1945 Service Battery Morning Report102

                              Cham, Germany wU5880
          Departed Hradek, Czechoslovakia xQ1889
          via Motor Convoy at 1030. Arr present
          Sta 1630. Distance marched approximately
          60 miles.
                    No limited assignment personnel

                Caption reads – May 1945 Cham Germany – Prisoner Of War Camp, 20,000 Jerries’. Taken at about this location 

          Cham PW enclosure looking generally west to east just below Oberer Regenanger St2146, taken at about this location 

                  Cham PW enclosure looking generally south to north just above Oberer Regenanger St2146, taken at about this location 

                  Cham PW aerial view overlay onto Google maps.  

                    Cham PW aerial view overlay translations. 
          FluB = River
          Quadfeldmühle = Square Field Mill
          Lger = Warehouse or Camp
          StreBe Nach Chammünster = Go or way to Chammünster

Friday – 11th May 1945 HQ & Hq Battery Morning Report103

                              Cham, Germany wU5880
          No Change
                    No limited assignment personnel

Friday – 11th May 1945 Battery “C” Morning Report104

                              Cham Germany wU5880
                    One EM Limited Assignment Personnel

Bill Morris and Byron Rogers
Byron Rogers